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研究生:倪拉
研究生(外文):Utami, Nila-Ayu
論文名稱:殺戮之外:1965-66印尼反共清洗之記憶與和解政治
論文名稱(外文):Beyond the Act of Killing: Politics of Remembering and Reconciliation of the 1965-66 Indonesian Anti-Communist Massacre
指導教授:陳光興陳光興引用關係Hilmar Farid
指導教授(外文):Chen, Kuan-HsingFarid,Hilmar
口試委員:王智明
口試委員(外文):WANG, CHIH-MING
口試日期:2015-07-01
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:亞際文化研究國際碩士學位學程(臺灣聯合大學系統)
學門:人文學門
學類:其他人文學類
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:英文
論文頁數:125
中文關鍵詞:1965反共屠殺人權和解記憶
外文關鍵詞:1965Anti-Communist massacreshuman rightsreconciliationremembering
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過去半個世紀以來,「1965年」在印尼共和國官方的歷史檔案中總是意味著930印尼共產黨事件。但官方敘事忽略的是數以百萬的共產黨黨員及支持者在該運動中遭到大規模的連續血腥清洗。然而,蘇哈托集權政府倒台後,這段歷史不僅得以重新審視,也進而牽動了大量的人權意識、補償運動及和解論述發生。藉由2012紀錄片《殺戮演繹》,本文試圖釐清支撐在這些論述和運動背後的記憶政略以及大和解的侷限及難題,並思索一個真相與和解委員會的可能
The year 1965 in the realm of the official history of the Republic of Indonesia is known, or has been for the last 5 decades, as the September 30 Movement of the Communist Party of Indonesia. Missing from the official narrative is the subsequent killings of the accused members and sympathizers of the party with the estimated death ranging from hundred thousands to 1 million in what clearly is an anti-communist massacres. The fall of the authoritarian regime of Soeharto brought hope of a break with the past and to address the past violations of human rights. Such effort culminates in the redress movement in Indonesia, in particular in the mobilization of the discourse of reconciliation. This thesis will attempt to look at the mobilization of such discourse in the attempt to establish a Truth and Reconciliation Commission and in the polemical documentary film The Act of Killing (2012). Through such observation, this thesis tries to unravel the logic behind the politics of remembering and in doing so comprehend the scope and limits of reconciliation.
Table of Contents
摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT III
TABLE OF CONTENTS V
CHAPTER I: 1
INTRODUCTION: LAYING DOWN THE GROUNDWORK 1
BRIEF HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT OF 1965 NARRATIVE 2
“1965” BEYOND OFFICIAL HISTORY 8
“MELAWAN LUPA” AND SEEDS OF RECONCILIATION 12
SCOPE AND LIMITS 18
CHAPTER 2 20
TRACING RECONCILIATION AND RECONCILIATORY EFFORT 20
HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSE AND THE GRAND IDEA OF RECONCILIATION 20
ATTEMPTS TO ESTABLISH TRUTH AND RECONCILIATION COMMISSION IN INDONESIA 23
JUDICIAL REVIEW AND THE CANCELLATION OF TRC ACT 26
THE ROOTS OF RECONCILIATORY PROBLEMS IN INDONESIA 31
Gus Dur, PKI, and the Islamic community in Indonesia. 32
PKI/Communism and atheism. 38
The return of the spectre of communism. 41
AFTERTHOUGHTS 44
CHAPTER 3 48
THE ACT OF KILLING AND THE IMAGINED RECONCILIATION 48
LOOKING AT INDONESIA THROUGH THE ACT OF KILLING 51
THE RISE AND FALL OF IMPUNITY IN TAOK 55
ABSTRACTING RECONCILIATION THROUGH TAOK 59
TEMPO Special Report. 63
PROBLEMATIZING THE IMAGINED RECONCILIATION 72
TALLYING THE ISSUES 76
CHAPTER 4 80
THE POLITICS OF REMEMBERING AND RECONCILIATION 80
RIGHTING THE WRONGS 81
RETHINKING RECONCILIATION ELSEWHERE 89
The basis of reconciliation and the aftermath of it. 89
The limit of justice and reconciliation. 93
THE IM/POSSIBILITY OF RECONCILIATION IN INDONESIA 100
The Look of Silence. 102
CHAPTER 5 108
THE NEW BEGINNING 108
THE GREAT RECONCILIATION 111
BIBLIOGRAPHY 115







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