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研究生:蕭湘菱
研究生(外文):HSIAO,HSIANG-LING
論文名稱:父母離婚與婚姻品質對子女心理幸福感之影響-以自尊為調節變項
論文名稱(外文):The Effects of Parental Divorce and Marital Quality on the Psychological Well-Being of Offspring: Self-Esteem as a Mediator
指導教授:巫博瀚巫博瀚引用關係
指導教授(外文):WU,PO-HAN
口試委員:劉政宏連倖誼
口試委員(外文):LIU,CHENG-HONGLIEN,HSING-YI
口試日期:2016-05-16
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:銘傳大學
系所名稱:教育研究所碩士在職專班
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:68
中文關鍵詞:父母離婚婚姻品質子女心理幸福感自尊臺灣青少年成長歷程研究
外文關鍵詞:parental divorcemarital qualitypsychological well-being of offspringself-esteemTaiwan Youth Project
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本研究旨在探討父母離婚與父母婚姻品質對子女心理幸福感之影響,以及子女自尊的差異情形是否能調節兩者之間的關係。本研究利用2000年「臺灣青少年成長歷程研究」的調查資料,以台北市、新北市及宜蘭縣國中七年級學生為研究對象,採多階層叢集抽樣法抽出受試者共2,800位,以階層迴歸分析進行統計考驗,研究發現如下:
一、父母離婚者,其子女心理幸福感程度較低。
二、父母婚姻品質越佳者,其子女心理幸福感程度越高。
三、考量了父母離婚與父母婚姻品質的影響後,子女自尊程度越高者,其心理幸福感程度越高。
四、父母離婚對子女心理幸福感的影響,會受到子女的自尊程度高低所調節。且自尊會增強父母離婚對子女心理幸福感的影響,即父母離婚對於高自尊的子女的心理幸福感有著更嚴重的影響。
五、父母婚姻品質對子女心理幸福感的影響,會受到子女的自尊程度高低所調節,且自尊會減弱父母婚姻品質對子女心理幸福感的影響。
最後,針對研究結論提出建議,期能有效地建立輔導策略與自我的保護機制,維護青少年的心理幸福感。

This paper aimed to explore the effects of parental divorce and marital quality on the psychological well-being of offspring with self-esteem as a mediator. In the article, data are from Taiwan Youth Project. With a multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method, 2,800 seventh graders in Taipei City, Taipei County, and Yilan County were surveyed in 2000. Hierarchical regression analysis is used to test the hypotheses for the case. Here are the findings:
1. Offspring with divorced parents had lower levels of psychological well-being.
2. The better marital quality the offspring’s parents had, the higher levels of psychological well-being the offspring had.
3. With the effects of parental divorce and marital quality concerned, the higher levels of self-esteem the offspring had, the higher levels of psychological well-being they had.
4. The effect of parental divorce on the psychological well-being of offspring was mediated by the levels of offspring’s self-esteem. Also, Self-esteem enlarged the negative effect of parental divorce on the psychological well-being of offspring. That is, parental divorce had a more negative effect on the psychological well-being of offspring with higher levels of self-esteem.
5. The effect of marital quality on the psychological well-being of offspring was mediated by the levels of offspring’s self-esteem. Also, self-esteem weakened the effect of marital quality on the psychological well-being of offspring.
Several suggestions are provided for access to counseling strategies and resilience to sustain the psychological well-being of offspring.

中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
目次 iii
表次 v
圖次 vi
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究動機 2
第三節 研究目的與問題 5
第四節 名詞釋義 5
第五節 研究範圍與限制 6
第二章 文獻探討 9
第一節 婚姻品質的定義與測量 9
第二節 幸福感的定義、理論與測量 11
第三節 自尊與心理幸福感之相關研究 19
第四節 父母離婚、婚姻品質及子女心理幸福感之相關研究 32
第三章 研究設計與實施 39
第一節 研究架構與假設 39
第二節 研究對象 40
第三節 變項的測量 40
第四章 研究結果與討論 43
第一節 研究變項之相關分析 43
第二節 父母離婚、婚姻品質及自尊對子女心理幸福感之影響 44
第五章 結論與建議 47
第一節 結論 47
第二節 建議 49
參考文獻 53
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1. 巫博瀚、賴英娟、施慶麟(2012)。Rosenberg自尊量表之試題衡鑑:評等量尺模型的應用。測驗學刊,60,263-289。
2. 周玉慧(2009)。夫妻間衝突因應策略類型及其影響。中華心理學刊,51(1),81-100。
3. 紀櫻珍、吳振龍、洪嘉蔚、吳維峰、陳怡樺、邱弘毅(2010)。台北市高中生身體意象、自尊及其憂鬱之相關研究。學校衛生,57,41-66。
4. 常欣怡、宋麗玉(2010)。機構安置少年之生活壓力對憂鬱情緒之影響:以自尊為調節變項。社會發展研究學刊,8,51-74。
5. 陳玉玲(2007)。守護失衡的翹翹板—離婚單親家庭子女的輔導。教師之友,48(4),54-61。
6. 陳若喬、鄭麗珍(2003)。破繭而出—青少年時期經歷父母離異之大學生生活歷程的優勢經驗。社會政策與社會工作學刊,7(1),35-97。
7. 陳婉琪(2014)。都是為了孩子?父母離婚負面影響之重新評估。 臺灣社會學刊,54,31-73。
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