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研究生:丁冠博
研究生(外文):Kuan-Po Ting
論文名稱:應用Ontology/Protégé/SWRL於建築資訊模型上進行推論
論文名稱(外文):A Reasoning Mechanism Using Ontology, Protégé and SWRL Tools for Building Information Model Data
指導教授:周建成周建成引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chien-Cheng Chou
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:土木工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:107
外文關鍵詞:OntologyOWLProtégéOWLAPISWRL
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:16
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  • 下載下載:165
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
在美國,對於建築和內部系統的控管,許多的研究學者發展了許多的計算方法和演算法,並且可以自動和不斷的分析整個內部系統狀態。而這些研究中,如何將需要的資訊正確地擷取出來,提供給演算法去運算,成為了一個重要問題。本研究提出利用Ontology (本體論)的研究中,利用推論的方法,將建築資訊模型所需要的資訊推論出來。
Ontology原本是哲學上的名詞,在近年來,其概念被借用到電腦領域上,以一個概念的集合來表現某個知識領域與各個概念之間的關係,並可藉此在邏輯上做推論,並且對該知識領域進行描述。而為了建立本體模型,許多組織開始發展Ontology Language。在本研究中,使用了其中的OWL(Web Ontology Language),這是由W3C(World Wide Web Consortium)組織所開發,以W3C原本的RDF(Resource Description Framework)和XML(Extensible Markup Language)為基礎來發展,為Protégé軟體的基礎之一,在分享和建立模型上都很方便快速。Protégé是由Stanford University以Java語言所撰寫的開放原始碼軟體,是編輯本體模型的使用者介面。本研究主要以Protégé實作本體模型,加上OWLAPI所提供的API,撰寫程式對本體模型進行操作,並利用Pellet所提供的推論軟體進行推論。之後加上OWL的延伸語言SWRL(Semantic Web Rule Language)做額外的推論,最後結合BIM(Building Information Modeling)的模型,將BIM的模型藉由Protégé人工轉換成本體模型,利用OWL與SWRL將所需要的資料推論出來,給其他的程式做應用。

In United States, there are many researchers developing hundreds of computerized approaches and algorithms that can be used to automatically and continuously analyze the conditions of entire building systems. In these research projects, it is an importation problem regarding how to certainly retrieve needed information and how to provide relevant information for further processing. This research discussed development of a new reasoning mechanism that combines several ontology-related technologies such as OWL, Protégé and SWRL tools.

The term “Ontology” originates from philosophy. For the past few years, the concept in Ontology is applied in computer science and information science. It uses a set of concepts to represent knowledge within a domain. It can describe and reason about the domain knowledge. In order to build the ontology model, many organizations begin to develop the Ontology Language. In this study, we utilized the OWL(Web Ontology Language), which is proposed by W3C(World Wide Web Consortium) and is based on RDF(Resource Description Framework) and XML(Extensible Markup Language). It is one of the foundations for Protégé. Protégé is the user interface for editing the ontology model and was developed by Stanford University using JAVA. Protégé is a open source tool. In this study, we mainly used Protégé to construct the ontology model then edited the model through the OWLAPI, which part of its interfaces are supported by Pellet. Because Pellet cannot provide full functionality for reasoning some detailed knowledge, another tool, called “SWRL” (Semantic Web Rule Language), i.e., an extended rule language, was utilized to do more complicated business processes. Finally, we combined the BIM model to reason the required information, and provided the information for other programs to process.

摘要 I
Abstract VI
誌謝 VII
目錄 VIII
圖目錄 XI
表目錄 XIV
第一章.緒論 1
1.1研究背景與動機 1
1.2研究目的 2
1.3研究範圍與內容 3
1.4研究流程 3
1.5論文架構 5
第二章.文獻回顧 6
2.1Ontology介紹 6
2.2OWL\ Protégé\SWRL介紹 8
2.2.1OWL簡介 8
2.2.2Protégé簡介 14
2.2.3SWRL簡介 15
2.3BIM的技術發展 15
2.4一個應用Ontology在工程上的例子:正規化查詢應用在水電空調系統的資訊處理 20
2.4.1背景介紹 20
2.4.2建立HVAC system的專業領域查詢語言 21
2.4.3專業領域查詢語言的查詢方法 26
2.5文獻評析 30
第三章.研究方法 31
3.1Protégé的功能特色 31
3.1.1Protégé的歷史 31
3.1.2以Protégé軟體表達Domain Knowledge 35
3.1.3Protégé的限制 45
3.1.4其他加強推論的工具 46
3.2SWRL介紹 47
3.2.1SWRL語法介紹 47
3.2.2SWRL測試範例 57
3.3綜合討論 66
第四章.測試案例 69
4.1案例說明 69
4.2案例規則說明 73
4.3案例實作 76
第五章.結論與建議 84
5.1結論 84
5.2建議 85
5.3貢獻 85
參考文獻 87
口試委員意見回應表 90

Cerovsek T. (2010). “A review and outlook for a ‘Building Information Model’ (BIM):A multi-standpoint framework for technological development”. Advanced Engineering Informatics, vol. 25, pp. 224-244.

Clark & Parsia. Pellet: OWL 2 Reasoner for Java. [Online]. Available: http://clarkparsia.com/pellet/. (Accessed Jan. 1, 2013)

Gennari J.H., Musen M.A., Fergerson R.W., Grosso W.E., Crubézy M., Eriksson H., Noy N.F., and Tu S.W.(2002). “The Evolution of Protégé: An Environment for Knowledge-Based Systems Development”. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies.Vol. 58, No.1, pp.89-123.

Horrocks I., Motik B., Wang Z. (2012). “The HermiT OWL Reasoner”. In Ian Horrocks, Mikalai Yatskevich, and Ernesto Jimenez-Ruiz, editors, Proc. of the OWL Reasoner Evaluation Workshop (ORE 2012), volume 858 of CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Manchester, UK.

Howard R., Björk B. C. (2008). “Building information modelling– Experts’ views on standardisation and industry deployment”. Advanced Engineering Informatics, vol. 22, pp. 271-280.

Kuba M. (2012). OWL 2 and SWRL Tutorial. [Online]. Available: http://dior.ics.muni.cz/~makub/owl/. (Accessed Jan. 1, 2013)

Lee G., Sacks R., Eastman C. M. (2006). “Specifying parametric building object behavior (BOB) for a building information modeling system”. Automation in Construction, vol. 15, pp. 758-776.

Liu X., Akinci B., Bergés M., Garrett, Jr. J.H. (2013). “DOMAIN-SPECIFIC QUERYING FORMALISMS FOR RETRIEVING INFORMATION OF HVAC SYSTEMS”. Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering. ASCE.February 1, 2013. CP.1943-5487.

Noy N.F., McGuinners D.L. (2001). “Ontology Development 101: A Guide to Creating Your First Ontology”. Stanford Knowledge Systems Laboratory Technical Report KSL-01-05 and Stanford Medical Information Technical Report SMI-2001-0880, March.

María Auxilio Medina Nieto (2003). “An Overview of Ontologies”. VUB STAR.Lab. [Online].Available:http://www.starlab.vub.ac.be/teaching/ontologies_overview.pdf. (Accessed Jan. 1, 2013)

Stanford University. The Protégé Ontology Editor and Knowledge Acquisition System. [Online]. Available: http://protege.stanford.edu/. (Accessed Jan. 1, 2013)

Stanford University. Protege wiki. [Online]. Available: http://protegewiki.stanford.edu/wiki/Main_Page. (Accessed Jan. 1, 2013)

Succar B. (2009). “Building information modelling framework: A research and delivery foundation for industry stakeholders. Advanced Engineering Informatics”, 18(3), pp. 357-375.

The OWL API. OWL API. [Online]. Available: http://owlapi.sourceforge.net/. (Accessed Jan. 1, 2013)

Tom Gruber (2009). Ontology. [Online]. Available: http://tomgruber.org/writing/ontology-definition-2007.htm. (Accessed Jan. 1, 2013)

Wang H.H., Boukamp F. (2011). “Ontology-Based Approach to Context Representation and Reasoning for Managing Context-Sensitive Construction Information”. Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering. ASCE. 25(5), pp. 331–346.

World Wide Web Consortium (2004). OWL Web Ontology Language Overview. [Online]. Available: http://www.w3.org/TR/owl-features/. (Accessed Jan. 1, 2013)

World Wide Web Consortium (2012). OWL2 Web Ontology Language Document Overview (Second Edition). [Online]. Available: http://www.w3.org/TR/owl2-overview/. (Accessed Jan. 1, 2013)

World Wide Web Consortium (2004). SWRL: A Semantic Web Rule Language Combining OWL and RuleML. [Online]. Available: http://www.w3.org/Submission/SWRL/. (Accessed Jan. 1, 2013)

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