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研究生:佘佳玲
研究生(外文):Chia-ling She
論文名稱:一個再現的問題:閱讀天堂電話不通中的知識份子和賤民
論文名稱(外文):A Question of Representations: Reading the Intellectual and the Subaltern in No Telephone to Heaven
指導教授:丁乃非丁乃非引用關係
指導教授(外文):Naifei Ding
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:英美語文學研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:英文
論文頁數:69
中文關鍵詞:記憶反抗政治賤民解構攔截政治再現離散史匹娃
外文關鍵詞:politics of interventionrepresentationdiasporaSpivaksubalternsdeconstructionmemoryresistance politics
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本論文在提供蜜雪兒•克麗芙的天堂電話不通的一個閱讀。藉著分析其中記憶主體的曲折生活軌跡和無常的聚合,提出天堂電話不通,作為後殖民小說以及作為牙買加裔美國女作家的作品,如何處理記憶在反抗政治中所扮演的角色和所引起的作用。特別是記憶主體在言說記憶時刻的沈默無言,顯示記憶在反抗政治中解構的面相。此一課題正是今日頗受注意的知識界移民美國此一現象中,離散知識份子的關切。其中最力者如史匹娃,她提出現今美國大都會區的學術圈在重溯歷史賤民以及賤民聲音以強化反抗版圖的實踐中,反使賤民成為知識份子學術發言時得以僭用的意符,從而奪取了賤民的發言。史匹娃因而提出重溯賤民及賤民性是知識分子對於賤民的貼近,但同時也是對賤民的不可捕捉此一解構的面相。根據史匹娃的說法,閱讀天堂電話不通時,對於賤民記憶的重塑和敘事化應是值得追問的問題,而非視其為理所當然。
論文的第一章是導論。
論文的第二章在探討小說中克萊兒作為離散的知識份子的攔截實踐。重塑記憶是一個再現和言說的動作,因而記憶也是一個富含意識形態的場域。
論文的第三章藉由對克里思多夫作為小說中的一種賤民的一個閱讀,提出賤民作為可能的一個記憶主體,其記憶及主體型構在小說中的不可再現性。
論文第四章探討天堂電話不通中悲愴性的解構力道。小說中反抗主體和賤民主體的死亡和其死亡隨之而來記憶的傷逝,是記憶的悲愴性也同時是解構記憶的力道。


This thesis aims to offer a reading of Michelle Cliff’s No Telephone to Heaven (1987). Through an analysis of the memory bearing subjects’ wandering life trajectories and their fated-to-be-departed-again encounters, it will bring up how NTH written by the Jamaican-born American writer has dealt with the role memory has played and what memory has effected in the politics of resistance. Particularly, the silences that the memory bearing subjects keep at the moment of speaking memory demonstrate the deconstructive aspect of memory in the politics of resistance. The representability of the subaltern is currently the diasporic intellectuals’ concern in the US, especially when the immigration of the intelligentsia to the US is a noticeable phenomenon by now. Gayatri Spivak is one of those diasporic intellectuals who powerfully bring up this issue. She points out that in their practices of retrieving the subalternity and subaltern voices in order to empower the resistance project, the intellectuals in the metropolitan academy appropriate the subaltern as a signifier for their own academic speaking, and thus wrestling the subaltern speech away from them. As opposed to this, Spivak has advanced that retrieving the subaltern is both a reaching and “un-grasping” of the subaltern. Following Spivak, the retrieving and narrativization of subaltern memory is a question worth pursuing rather than one that can be assumed in reading NTH.
Chapter One is an introduction.
Chapter Two discusses Clare’s intervention practices as a diasporic intellectual. Memory is a complex site fraught with ideologies as the re-construction of it is an act of representation and speaking.
Chapter Three is a reading of Christopher as a subaltern in the novel. It will focus on how the subaltern might be a memory bearing subject but still whose memory and subalternity are not necessarily representable in NTH.
Chapter Four is toward the deconstructive edge of the NTH’s pathos. The deaths of the resisting and subaltern subjects and the elusiveness of their memory are both constitutive of pathos and a deconstructive power of memory.


Chapter One: Introduction
Chapter Two: Reading the Diasporic Intellectual: Memory and Politics of Intervention
Chapter Three: Reading Christopher: (Un)-grasping the Subaltern
Chapter Four: The Encounter of the Diasporic Intellectual and the Subaltern: Pathos, Resistance and Memory


Agosto, Noraida. Michelle Cliff’s Novels: Piecing the Tapestry of Memory and History. New York: Peter Lang, 1999. Benjamin, Walter. Illuminations. Ed. Hannah Arendt. Trans. Harry Zohn. New York: Schocken Books, 1968.Chow, Rey. Writing Diaspora: Tactics of Intervervention in Contemporary Cultural Studies. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993.Cliff, Michelle. No Telephone to Heaven. 1987. New York: Plume, 1996.-----. The Land of Look Behind: Prose and Poetry. Ithaca: Fireband, 1989.Gilroy, Paul. The Black Atlantic. Harvard U P: Cambridge, 1994.Jay, Martin. Force Fields: Between Intellectual History and Cultural Critique. New York: Routledge, 1993.Kaplan, Carla. “Reading Feminist Readings: Recuperative Reading and the Silent Heroine of Feminist Criticism.” Listening to Silences. Eds. Elaine Hedges and Shelley Fisher Fishkin. New York: Oxford U P, 1994. 168-94.Oakes, James. Slavery and Freedom: An Interpretation of the Old South. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 1998.Palmer Adisa, Opal. “Journey into Speech─A Writer Between Two Worlds: An Interview with Michelle Cliff.” African American Review 28.2 (1994): 273-81.Parker, Andrew, and Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick, eds. Performativity and Performance. New York: Routledge, 1995.Rich, Adrienne. “Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence.” Blood, Bread, and Poetry, New York: Norton, 1981. 23-75.Raiskin, Judith L. Snow on the Cane Fields: Women’s Writing and Creole Subjectivity. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1996.Schwartz, Meryl F. “An Interview with Michelle Cliff.” Contemporary Literature 34.3 (1993): 594-619.Scott, Joan W. “Experience.” Feminists Theorize the Political. Ed. Judith Butler and Joan W. Scott. New York: Routledge, 1992. 22-40.Spivak, Gayatri Charkravorty. A Critique of Postcolonial Reason: Toward a History of the Vanishing Present. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard U P, 1999.-----. “Three Women’s Texts and a Critique of Imperialism.” Writing, and Difference. Ed. Henry Louis Gates, Jr. Chicago, U of Chicago P, 1986. 243-61.-----. In Other Worlds: Essays in Cultural Politics. New York: Routledge, 1988.-----. Outside in the Teaching Machine. New York: Routledge, 1993.Taylor-Guthrie, Danille, ed. Conversations with Toni Morrison. Jackson: U P of Mississippi, 1994.
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