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研究生:侯翔偉
研究生(外文):Hsiang-Wei Hou
論文名稱:建築資訊模型應用程式之模型轉換與程式產生研究
論文名稱(外文):Model transformation and application codes generation using model-driven architecture(MDA) for building information models(BIMs)
指導教授:周建成周建成引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chien-Cheng Chou
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:土木工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:86
中文關鍵詞:建築資訊模型模型驅動架構統一塑模語言程式產生器捷運車站
外文關鍵詞:Building Information ModelModel-driven ArchitectureUnified Modeling LanguageCodes GenerationTransit Station
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  • 被引用被引用:1
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  • 下載下載:72
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建築資訊模型是新一代的建築製圖工法,透過數位方式進行製圖,與傳統電腦輔助設計進行製圖相比,建築資訊模型除了能夠製圖外,亦能提供碰撞測試與生命週期管理等功能,建築資訊模型同時還包含了建物許多豐富的訊息,這些訊息可以在不同的領域中應用。
模型驅動架構是一種設計的方法,藉由統一塑模語言來當作樣板,設計者只需在設計的各個階段進行樣板設計或轉換對應,就能夠得到可應用於各種平台的程式。
本研究將建築資訊模型應用至模型驅動架構中,將建築資訊模型中的訊息轉換為統一塑模語言模型,透過模型驅動架構將統一塑模語言模型轉換為程式碼,這些程式碼帶有建築資訊模型的訊息,可以方便各領域的使用者進行針對該建物的應用程式設計。相信善用本研究成果可大幅降低建築資訊模型相關應用程式的開發時間,與提升這些程式碼的寫作品質。

The building information model (BIM) technology is a new way to design buildings, and every aspect of buildings can be stored in the BIM database. BIM changes not only the traditional design process but the project stakeholders’ responsibilities. Hence, other software applications such as facility management, disaster mitigation, and energy savings should use BIM as the base data representing their buildings and add customized functionalities into BIM so that the goal regarding comprehensive life cycle information management of buildings can be achieved.
The model-driven architecture (MDA) technology is a software development method. It relies on Unified Modeling Language (UML) as a template to describe a software application. Designers can use UML to design, and MDA will transform the model into the codes that can be used to build the real application. Both BIM and MDA are not new technologies. However, no research exists to explore the integration of the two technologies.
In this study, an application for handling data of a transit station was generated by using the integrated approach, i.e., BIMAppBuilder. This application’s model consisted of two parts: one was from BIM data and another was designed in the traditional way to describe the new functionalities of the application. The Revit2UML tool was developed to help the transformation process from Revit (a BIM drafting tool) to Umbrello (a UML drafting tool). The Parser tool was developed to help complete the static code-generation aspect of the object model, while the Code Maker tool was for the dynamic aspect, e.g., sequence diagrams. The Project Builder tool was developed to synthesize all the codes generated and create a Visual Studio project for Revit Addin. Therefore, BIMAppBuilder includes the above four tools, and a socket-based software service tool, Revit Remote Service, was being developed to further simplify the efforts of developing a BIM-related software service. It can be expected that future BIM-related applications can be automatically generated by using BIMAppBuilder, and with a few modifications for the codes generated, a distributed software service for BIM data retrieval and update can be realized by using Revit Remote Service. Since BIM can be applied in each phase of a building’s life cycle, the proposed approach may help creation of these applications efficiently and effectively, especially for the operation and maintenance phase of a building.

摘要 vi
Abstract vii
誌謝 ix
目錄 x
圖目錄 xiii
表目錄 xvii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究問題與目的 1
1.3 研究範圍與限制 3
1.4 研究流程 3
1.5 論文結構 4
第二章 文獻回顧 6
2.1 MDA 6
2.2 BIM 8
2.3 UML 9
第三章 研究方法 11
3.1 整體架構 11
3.2 Revit環境 13
3.2.1 製造模型規範(BIMAppBuilder Revit Guidelines) 13
3.2.2 Revit2UML 16
3.2.3 Revit2UML除錯 18
3.3 Umbrello環境 19
3.3.1 類別圖繪製規範(BIMAppBuilder Class Diagram Guidelines) 19
3.3.2 循序圖繪製規範(BIMAppBuilder Sequence Diagram Guidelines) 20
3.3.3 Umbrello Code-gen 25
3.4 BIMAppBuilder Revit專案建置系統 28
3.4.1 Parser 28
3.4.2 Code Maker 31
3.4.3 Project Builder 33
3.4.4 BIMAppBuilder Revit專案建置系統除錯 33
3.5 BIMAppBuilder產生的Sample Code說明 34
3.5.1 Parent Class 34
3.5.2 繼承樹 37
第四章 案例應用 39
4.1 案例說明 39
4.2 Revit操作 40
4.3 Umbrello操作 41
4.3.1 類別圖修改 41
4.3.2 循序圖建立 43
4.4 BIMAppBuilder Revit專案建置系統操作 44
4.4.1 Parser操作 44
4.4.2 Code Maker操作 46
4.4.3 Project Builder操作 46
4.5 Visual Studio完成類別方法 47
4.5.1 撰寫方法內容 48
4.5.2 修改輸出 51
4.6 應用結果 52
第五章 結論與建議 59
5.1 結論 59
5.2 建議 60
5.3 貢獻 66
參考文獻 67
口試委員意見回應表 68

Autodesk. (2010). Revit Architecture 2011 User's Guide, Autodesk.
Autodesk. (2012), Revit 2012 API Developer's Guide, Autodes.
Cox, P. T., Giles, F. R., &; Pietrzykowski, T. (1989). Prograph: a step towards liberating programming from textual conditioning. In Visual Languages, October 4-6, 1989, pp. 150-156. IEEE.
Dobing, B., &; Parsons, J. (2006). How UML is used. Communications of the ACM, 49(5), 109-113.
Eastman, C., Teicholz, P., Sacks, R., &; Liston, K. (2011). BIM Handbook: A Guide to Building Information Modeling for Owners, Managers, Designers, Engineers and Contractors. John Wiley &; Sons.
Guttman, M., &; Parodi, J. (2006). Real-life MDA: solving business problems with model driven architecture. Morgan Kaufmann.
Miller, J., &; Mukerji, J. (2003). MDA Guide Version 1.0. 1. Object Management Group.
Parada, A. G., Siegert, E., &; de Brisolara, L. B. (2011). Generating Java code from UML class and sequence diagrams. In Computing System Engineering (SBESC), November 7-11, 2011, pp. 99-101. IEEE.
Sendall, S., &; Kozaczynski, W. (2003). Model transformation: The heart and soul of model-driven software development. IEEE Software, 20(5), 42-45.
Uhl, A. (2003). Model driven arcitecture is ready for prime time. IEEE SoftWare, 20(5), 70-72.
Umbrello. (2013). Umbrello UML Modeller Handbook. In Authors and History (chap. 6). Retrieved from http://docs.kde.org/stable/en/kdesdk/umbrello/index.html (1/1/2014)

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