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研究生:劉若璇
研究生(外文):Ruo-Xuan Liu
論文名稱(外文):The Flâneur in Literature: Walter Benjamin Edgar Allan Poe and Arthur Conan Doyle
指導教授:白大維白大維引用關係
指導教授(外文):David Barton
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:英美語文學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:英文
論文頁數:59
中文關鍵詞:漫遊者偵探關係
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本論文將以艾倫坡的《人群中的人》,以及柯南道爾的《波希米亞醜聞》這兩部小說中的主要角色作為研究目標,帶入波特萊爾的遊蕩者論點,分析遊蕩者(flâneur)在文學中的角色定位為主題,探討遊蕩者與作品中偵探一角的關係,以及作家與作品中角色之間的關係。這兩種關係為本論文主要的研究方向。兩種關係乍看之下似乎毫不相關,但實際上卻是不可分離的且緊密相連。

第一章介紹班雅明對於波特萊爾的研究,所提出對於遊蕩者的見解。班雅明在研究中提到,遊蕩者以拱廊街(arcade)和群眾為家,身處於群眾之間,帶給遊蕩者的滿足感,無異於人們流連於拱廊街中形形色色的商品之中。但波特萊爾對於遊蕩者的觀點與班雅明不同。波特萊爾的遊蕩者獨立於人群之外,他們將自己從人群中抽離,卻又將抽離於人群的孤獨融合於人群之中。此外,班雅明亦將波特萊爾的遊蕩者與艾倫坡短篇故事中的遊蕩者比較。相較之下,艾倫坡的遊蕩者之所以流連於人群中,是由於自身無可饒恕的罪惡。艾倫坡幾乎將遊蕩者與罪犯畫上等號。第二章以及第三章,則分別以遊蕩者與偵探之間的關聯,以及偵探角色與作家之間的關聯作為研究主題。艾倫坡將遊蕩者的形象用於偵探小說中的手法,激發了柯南道爾的靈感,也影響到他的寫作風格。此外,作家在創作作品時,亦會將平常所見所觀察到的人事物,作為創作的靈感,而作者在創造角色之時,亦同時將自身融入於角色之中。最後,結論的部分將強調遊蕩者與作家,這看似毫無關聯,實際上卻是關係緊密的兩種人。從作品中的角色個性習慣和理論相互映證,本文將詮釋的是作品中的角色、作家與遊蕩者,這三者之間的關係是緊密相連。
This thesis will mainly discuss flâneur’s position in Edgar Allan Poe’s “The Man of The Crowd” and Arthur Conan Doyle’s “A Scandal in Bohemia”. On the other words, this thesis suggests examining two kinds of relationships: the relationship between the flâneur and the detective character and the relationship between the detective character and the writer. Baudelaire’s concept of flâneur will use as an important ideal while examining the two kinds of relationships.

Chapter one will introduces both Benjamin and Baudelaire’s concept of flâneur. Benjamin considers that flâneur appears with the rise of arcade and they enjoy strolling around the crowd. On the contrary, Baudelaire’s flâneur is more alienated than Benjamin’s flâneur. They are isolated while being with the crowd. Moreover, Benjamin also mentions that Poe uses the image of flâneur in his short story and considers that flâneur is the one who full with guilt. The second chapter and the third chapter will mainly discuss the relationship between the detective character and the flâneur, and the relationship between the writer himself and the detective character. Writers are the reflection of the flâneur and they use words to show what they’ve observed in the world. Moreover, writers merges themselves into the character and creates character form their observation of the crowd. This thesis concludes by suggesting that flâneur, character in the literature, and writer himself are related to each other. Writers embody the flâneur and the character in their works is the reflections of the writer and the flâneur.

Table of Contents

Abstract ............................................................................................................................... i
摘要 .......................................................................................................................................ii
誌謝 .......................................................................................................................................iii
Table of Contents ................................................................................................................. iv
Introduction ...........................................................................................................................1
Historical Context .......................................................................................................... 1
The Concept of Flâneur ................................................................................................. 3
Live as a Writer and Make a Living by Writing ................................................................ 5
The Flâneur, the Detective Character, and the Writer .................................................... 7
Chapter I Walter Benjamin and Charles Baudelaire's concept of “Flânerie” ......................... 9
Flâneur in Walter Benjamin's Study ............................................................................... 10
Flâneur in Baudelaire's Concept .................................................................................... 12
Chapter II The Relationship between the Flâneur and the Detective Character .................... 19
The Flâneur and the Detective in Edgar Allan Poe's 'The Man of the Crowd' .................. 21
The Flâneur and the Detective in Conan Doyle's Detective Novels ............................... ..28
Chapter III The Relationship between the Detective Character and the Writer Himself ......... 36
Edgar Allan Poe and the Narrator in "The Man of the Crowd".......................................... 38
Arthur Conan Doyle and Sherlock Holmes ...................................................................... 41
Make a Living as a Writer............................................................................................... 43
Conclusion ........................................................................................................................ 49
Works Cited ...................................................................................................................... 51
Works Cited

張旭東、王斑譯〈原著:班雅明〉,《發達資本主義時代的抒情詩人:論波特萊 爾》。台北:臉譜,2003。
王知一譯〈原著:卡爾〉,《柯南.道爾的一生》。臺北:城邦文化,1949。
“Arthur Conan Doyle.” Arthur Conan Doyle, University of Minnesota Libraries ·University of Minnesota Libraries. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 July 2016.
Barth, Gunther. City People: The Rise of Modern City Culture in Nineteenth Century America. Oxford University Press, 1982. Print.
Baudelaire, Charles, Marthiel Mathews, and Jackson Mathews. Flowers of Evil: A Selection. N.Y.: New Directions, 1955. Print.
Baudelaire, Charles. The Painter of Modern Life: And Other Essays. Ed. Jonathan Mayne. Phaidon, 1964. Print.
Baudelaire, Charles, and Louise Varèse. Paris Spleen, 1869. New York: New Directions Pub., 1970. Print.
Benjamin, Walter. Charles Baudelaire: A Lyric Poet in The Era of High Capitalism. Verso: London, 1989. Print.
Benjamin, Walter. “Paris-Capital of the Nineteenth Century.” Perspecta: The MIT Press. Vol.12, 1969. 163-172.
Biography.com Editors. "Arthur Conan Doyle Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 19 July 2016.
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Carr, John Dickson. The Life of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. New York: Harper, 1949. Print.
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“Dr. Watson” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 19 July 2016.
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Kennedy, J. Gerald. A Historical Guide to Edgar Allan Poe. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2001. Print.
Kuang-Yi, Chen. “A Fantasized World of the Contemporary Flâneur-A Reading of Lin Hung-Hsin’s Recent Paintings.” 尊彩藝術中心 Liang Gallery. 17 Feb. 2012. Web. 17 Mar. 2016.
Meyers, Jeffrey. Edgar Allan Poe: His Life and Legacy. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1992. Print.
McCracken, Scott. Pulp: Reading Popular Fiction. Manchester: Manchester UP, 1998. Print.
Mills, Kathryn Oliver. "Charles Baudelaire." POETRY FOUNDATION. Poetryfoundation.org. Web. 27 May 2016.
Poe, Edgar Allan, and Virginia University of. The Man Of The Crowd. Charlottesville, Va: Generic NL Freebook Publisher, n.d. eBook Collection (EBSCOhost). Web. 16 Mar. 2016.
Poe, Edgar Allan, and Virginia University of. The Murders In The Rue Morgue. Charlottesville, Va: Generic NL Freebook Publisher, 1993. eBook Collection (EBSCOhost). Web. 6 June 2016.
“Sherlock Holmes (1984 TV Series).” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 19 July 2016.
Tester, Keith. The Flâneur. London: Routledge, 1994. Print.
“The Murders in the Rue Morgue.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 19 July 2016.
Watson, Sophie, and Katherine Gibson. Postmodern Cities and Spaces. Oxford, UK: Blackwell, 1995. Print.
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