(3.233.234.235) 您好!臺灣時間:2019/11/12 08:16
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
本論文永久網址: 
line
研究生:曾慶綸
研究生(外文):Ching-Lun Tseng
論文名稱:AlN太陽能選擇性吸收膜之研究
論文名稱(外文):Research of the AlN solar selective film
指導教授:李正中李正中引用關係
指導教授(外文):Cheng-Chung Lee
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:光電科學與工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:58
中文關鍵詞:太陽能選擇性吸收膜彩色吸收膜
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:63
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:4
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本論文為研究能控制顏色變化的太陽能選擇性吸收膜,我們僅用一種材料製成多層膜,選擇鋁靶材並使用磁控濺鍍方法,在腔體內通入不同的氮氣量,基於氮化鋁的折射率會有不同變化的特性,使其可以製成多種不同的基材,其中我們選用 、 作為高低折射率材料,透過調整多層膜最外層 的厚度來控制顏色的變化,並量測多層膜的反射率光譜圖。
從反射率的光譜可發現隨著變動層厚度增加,可見光區的波包會向長波偏移,可以藉此來控制顏色。將光譜代回函數運算後可得到不同厚度的吸收率,吸收率的效果幾乎都接近90%,而輻射率低於3%。最後可得多種顏色變化的選擇性吸收膜。

In this thesis, colored solar selective absorbing films have been designed and fabricated. We use only one material, aluminum, for the sputtering deposition process, and fill different amounts of nitrogen to obtained variety multi-layer film of aluminum nitrogen. The refractive index and extinction coefficient depend on the content of nitride. We choose AlN-14%、AlN-18% as high and low refractive index material and adjusted the thickness of the outermost AlN-18% layer to contract the appearance of color. Then we measured the reflectance spectra of multi-layer film to calculate the absorption and emission.
For calculating the absorption of the stacks including different thickness, we substituted spectral reflectance into equations. The result of absorbance is close to 90% and the emittance is less than 3%. The colors located on CIE chromaticity diagram is not much difference from actual samples. That indicates the color control is feasible.

第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究背景 1
1-2 研究動機 4
1-3 本文架構 4
第二章 材料與理論介紹 6
2-1 選擇性吸收膜 6
2-2 氮化鋁 9
2-3 薄膜理論 11
2-3-1 電磁波 11
2-3-2 均勻介質垂直入射的導納 13
2-3-3 單介面的反射與透射 14
2-3-4 單層膜&;多層膜 15
2-4 色度座標 18
2-4-1 色彩空間(CIE)歷史簡介 19
2-4-2 色度座標的計算 19
第三章 實驗方法與設備 22
3-1 磁控濺鍍機 22
3-2 橢圓偏振儀 23
3-3 分光光譜儀(Hitachi U-4100) 24
第四章 實驗模擬分析與結果 25
4-1 選擇性吸收膜設計模擬優化概念 25
4-2 模擬與實際的吸收率和模擬的輻射率 29
4-3 CIE 色度座標 34
第五章 結論與未來工作 42
參考文獻 43

1.H.Tabor, “selective radiation wavelength discrimination”, Bulletin of the Research Council of Israel 5A(2) ,119-134, (1956).
2.L.H.shaffer, “wavelength-dependent (selective) processes for the utilization of solar energy”, Solar energy21, (1958).
3.J.T.Gier, R.V Dunkle, “Selective spectral characteristics as an important factor in the efficiency of solar collectors”, Solar Energy.Vol.II.University of Arizona press .Tucson 41, (1958).
4.H.Tabor, “selective surfaces and heat engines”, Proceedings of the National Academy of sclences of the United states of America 47, 1271-1278, (1961).
5. Harish C.Barshilia, N.Selvakumar, G.Vignesh, “Optical properties and thermal stability of pulsed-sputter-deposited AlxOy/Al/AlxOy multilayer absorber coatings”, Solar energy Materials &; Solar cells 93, 315-323, (2009).
6.S.W.Hogg,G.B.Smith, “The unusual and useful optical properties of electrodeposited chrome-black films, “Journal of physics, 1863-1870, (1977).
7.G.Zajac,G.B.Smith, “Refinement of solar absorbing black chrome microstructure and its relationship to optical degradation mechanisms’’, Journal of Applied physics 51, 5544-5554, (1980).
8.M.Farooq,Iftikhar A.Raja, “Optimisation of metal sputtered and electroplater substrates for solar selectives coatings’’, Science Direct Renewable Energy 33, 1275-1285, (2008).
9.Q. C. Zhang and D. R. Mills, “Very low‐emittance solar selective surfaces using new film structures’’, Journal of applied physics 72,3013-3021, (1992).
10. Q. C. Zhang and D. R. Mills, “New cermet film structures with much improved selectivity for solar thermal applications Applied physics letters 60, 545-547, (1992).
11.Q. .-C. Zhang, “Direct Current Magnetron Sputtered W-Aln Cermet Selective Surfaces.” J. Vac. Sci. Technol 15, 2842-2846, (1997).
12.楊松偉,「以電漿濺鍍技術製備太陽能選擇性吸收膜之研究」,中國文化大學材料科學與製造研究所碩士論文,民國90 年六月。
13. U. Ortabasi and W. Buehl, “Analysis and Performance of an EvaCuated Tubular Collector”, Ext. Abstr. Gong ,Los Angeles ,Caiif., Vol.222, (1975).
14.G. E. McDonald, “Spectral Reflectance Properties of Block Chrome for Use as a Solar Selective Coating. ”, Solar Energy 17 , 119, (1975).
15.W. Hermann, H. Horster and R. Kersten, “EvaCuated Selective Solar Collectors.” Proc. ISES Gong., Atlanta. Pergamon Press, NewYork 337, (1979).
16.D. C. Beekley and G. R. Mather, “Analysis and Experimental Tests of Solar Collector Arrays Based on EvaCuated Tubular Solar Collectors.” Ext. Abstr. ISESGong., Los Angeles, Calif.,220, (1975).
17.H. G. Craighead, R. Bartynski, R. A. Buhrman, L. Wojcik and A. J. Sievers“Metal/insulator Composite Selective Absorbers.”, Solar Energy Mat 1, Vol.105, (1979).
18.J. C. C.Fan and S. A. Spura, “Selective Black Absorbers Using RF Sputtered Cr~Oz/Cr Cermet Films.”, Appl. Phys. Lett 30, 513, (1977).
19.R. Blickensderfer, “Metal Oxycarbonitride Solar Absorbers.” Proc. DOEIDST Thermal Power System Workshop on Selective Absorber Coatings,SERIITP-31-061, 371, (1977).
20.J. A.Thornton, J. L. Lamb and A. S. Penfold, “Development of Selective Surface.”, Final Report, Contract DE-AC04-78CS35306, U. S. D. O. E. ,(1980).
21.陶惟翰、楊松偉、唐震宸、黃呈加,「太陽能選擇性吸收膜製備技術與其物性之研究」,中國材料科學學會公元2000 年年會,民國86 年 11 月。
22.Q.. –C Zhang, “Metal-AlN Cermet Selective Surface Deposited by Direct Current Magnertron Sputtering Technology.” J.Physics D:Appl. Phys. Vol.31, 335-362, (1988).
23.V. Moise, R, Cloots, and A. Mulmont, “International Journal of Inorganic Materials” ,Vol.3 , 1323, (2001).
24. Z. C. Orel and M. K. Gunde, Sol. “ Engergy Mater. Sol. Cells”, Vol. 68 , 337, (2001).
25.Y. Zhiqiang, and G. L. Harding, “Thin Solid Films”, Vol.120, 81, (1984).
26.N.Selvakumar, Harish C. Barshilia, “Review of physical vapor deposited (PVD) spectrally selective coatings for mid- and high-temperature solar thermal applications”, Solar Energy Materials &; Solar cells 98, 1-23, (2012).
27.J. Boudaden, P. Oelhafen,“Multilayered Al2O3/SiO2andTiO2/SiO2 coatingsfor glazed colored solar thermal collectors”, Solar Energy Materials &; Solar Cells , 89, 209-218, (2005).
28.S. Esposito, A. Antonaia, M.L. Addonizio, “Fabrication and optimisation of highly efficient cermet-based spectrally selective coatings for high operating temperature”, Thin Solid Films 517 ,6000-6006, (2009).
29.Shuxi Zhao,Ewa Wacke lgard, “The optical properties of sputtered composite of Al-AlN”, Solar Energy Materials &; Solar Cells 90 ,1861-1874, (2006)
30.ASTM interational Standards Worldwide,http://www.astm.org
31.Dahn Katzen,Esthy Levy,Yitzhak Mastail, “Thin film of silica-carbon nanocomposites for selective solar absorbers”, Applied surface science 248 ,514-517, (2005).
32.Robert W,Boyd, “Radiometry and Detection of Optical Radiation”, New York Wiley, (1983).
33.D.M.Trotter,Jr.and A.J.Sieres, “spectral selectivity of high-temperature solar absorbers”, Appl.Oct.19 ,711-728, (1980).
34.李正中, “薄膜光學與鍍膜技術”, 第七版,藝軒圖書出版社,台北, (2009).
35.M.R.LuO,G.Cui and B.Rigg, “Colar Reasearch &; Application”, Vol 26,Issue 5, 340-350, ( 2001).
36.R.W.G.Hunt, “Measuring Colour”, New York : E.Horwood, (1991).

連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔