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研究生:李其睿
研究生(外文):Qi-Ray Li
論文名稱:應用功率控制之行動載具速度區段檢測技術
論文名稱(外文):Speed zone detection with the application to the power control
指導教授:陳永芳陳永芳引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yung-Fang Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:通訊工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2003
畢業學年度:91
語文別:中文
論文頁數:53
中文關鍵詞:功率控制降頻器都卜勒頻率順向鏈路
外文關鍵詞:power controldecimatordoppler frequencyforward link
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功率控制的技術在無線通訊系統上是相當重要的機制,它是用來管理基地台及行動台發射功率的技術,期望用最小的發射功率達到正常或最佳品質的通訊服務。反向鏈路功率控制是針對行動台而順向鏈路功率控制是針對基地台,特別在提升分碼多重存取的容量、效能是更加明顯。然而無線通訊系統最大通訊阻礙來自衰減的通道環境,使得分碼多重存取系統的容量受限於多路徑效應、影子效應以及近-遠效應。對於分碼多重存取蜂巢式系統之反向鏈路而言,由於近-遠效應的干擾特別敏感,功率控制是必要的技術。
在第二代無線通訊系統的順向鏈路最初未考慮快速功率控制,導致其系統容量效率受限於此。為了提高順向鏈路容量效率,在cdma2000順向鏈路系統中,使用了快速(800Hz)閉迴路功率控制可以突破第二代無線通訊系統順向鏈路的容量瓶頸。不過傳統上,功率控制的步階大小是固定在1dB,對於行動載具的可變速度而言,並非最佳化。故此,利用行動載具速度的都卜勒效應產生都卜勒頻率來建造一行動載具測速機制。依據行動載具測速機制測出行動載具速度區段,並選擇適合的功率控制步階大小與通道估測濾波器參數使其達到最佳匹配,藉以提升第三代分碼多重存取(3G CDMA)效能,其發射功率可節省1.6dB,此相似方法也可適用於反向鏈路之功率控制上。



Power control technique is the most important device unit in wireless communication systems. This technique for managing the transmit power in the base stations and mobiles to a minimum level needed for the normal or best performance. The reverse link power control is applied to the base stations and the forward link power control to the mobiles. Especially, the CDMA capacity is significant improved. However, the most deterioration results from rapid fluctuating channel environment in wireless communication systems such that the capacity of CDMA systems is limited
by the multipath fading, the shadowing fading, and the “near-far” effect. The power control for the reverse link of a CDMA cellular system is a necessary technique due to the near-far effect.
The original 2G CDMA-based wireless communication system does not have the fast power control, so it limits the system capacity. For improving the forward link capacity, a fast(800Hz) power control is used for the forward link of cdma2000. In convention, however, the power control step size for a fixed value of 1dB cannot be optimal in any mobile speed along with a carrier frequency. Thus, the design of the mobile speed estimation unit is developed based on Doppler frequency spectrum induced by Doppler effect of the mobile speed. The estimation of the mobile speed zones is based on the mobile speed estimation device. The power control step sizes and the parameters of the channel estimation filter are optimally selected to improve the forward link performance of the 3G CDMA systems. The simulation results indicate that the transmit power can save up to1.6dB for the single path case in the forward link. The similar approach will be suitable for the design of the power control at the other channel conditions and the reverse link.



摘要......................................................................................................i
圖目.....................................................................................................v
表目................................................................................................... vii
第一章緒論........................................................................................1
1.1 研究背景................................................................................4
1.2 研究動機................................................................................5
1.3 論文架構................................................................................6
第二章cdma2000 順向(Forward)鏈路.................................................7
2.1 頻道架構................................................................................9
2.2 cdma2000-1X 頻道的細部結構.............................................. 11
2.2.1 順向通用實體頻道(Forward Common Physical Channel)
............................................................................................. 11
2.2.2 順向專屬實體頻道(Forward Dedicated Physical Channel)
............................................................................................. 12
2.2.3 順向鏈路頻道調變與展頻........................................... 15
第三章系統描述.............................................................................. 16
3.1 發射機模型........................................................................... 20
3.2 通道模型.............................................................................. 21
3.3 接收機模型........................................................................... 25
第四章行動載具測速機制............................................................... 27
4.1 通道估測濾波器................................................................... 27
4.2 臨界值( i t ) 的決定............................................................. 29
4.3 決定降頻參數M (decimation M) ......................................... 31
第五章功率控制演算法................................................................... 34
5.1 固定值步階大小................................................................... 35
5.2 調適性步階大小................................................................... 37
第六章模擬結果與討論................................................................... 38
第七章結論...................................................................................... 42
附錄A............................................................................................... 44
A.1 .............................................................................................. 44
A.2 .............................................................................................. 46
A.3 .............................................................................................. 48
附錄B............................................................................................... 50
參考文獻........................................................................................... 51



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