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研究生:林秉盛
研究生(外文):Bing-Sheng Lin
論文名稱:設計及合成含苯并咪唑之鋅金屬錯合物並應用於染敏電池中
論文名稱(外文):Design and Synthesis of Zinc Complexes with Benzoimidazole Derivatives for Dye Sensitized Solar Cells
指導教授:李文仁李文仁引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wen-Ren Li
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:化學學系
學門:自然科學學門
學類:化學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:122
中文關鍵詞:染料敏化太陽能電池苯并咪唑鋅金屬錯合物
外文關鍵詞:Dye sensitized solar cellBenzoimidazoleZinc complexes
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在現今的太陽能電池中,染料敏化太陽能電池具低成本、製程簡易、多色彩、可透視、可撓曲等優勢,因而成為現今太陽能電池開發的重點之ㄧ,其中所使用光敏染料的優劣是影響其效率高低的重要因素。
  由於現今有機以及無機光敏染料皆處於蓬勃發展當中,故想要發展一個有機無機混合概念之光敏染料,在我們的設計概念中,以有機光敏染料之設計形式Donor-π bridge-Acceptor為有機光敏染料之電子傳遞方向;在π bridge的位置中設計了一對含苯并咪唑衍生而成之配位基2-(2-吡啶)-苯并咪唑以及2-甲基-苯并咪唑,希望可以以單體(Monomer)或是二聚體(Dimer)的方式與金屬鋅配位,作為一無機光敏染料之方式傳遞電子,藉由與金屬配位前後比較其在可見光吸收、太陽能電池參數以及穩定性是否有改善,期望能在有機光敏染料結構的設計及開發上提供一個新的方向。

There are various types of solar cells reported and the dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC) possessing the advantages like low-cost, simple process, multi-
color, penetration, flexible, has become a key technology to developed the present solar cells. In DSSC, the photosensitizer dye used plays an important
role of light absorption and helps to gain higher efficiency.
To date,the organic and inorganic dyes of dye sensitized solar cell are popular and various. We design the new class of D-π-A typed organic dye
with benzoimidazole derivatives 2-(2-pyridyl)-benzoimidazole and 2-methyl-benzoimidazol to form a monomer or dimer after coordinating to Zn(II) ion.In addition,we compare the influences on metal ion, like stability and efficiency. We believe that such kind of innovative design principle will provide a new direction to the modification of photosensitizers to help gain higher light absorption and enhancement in overall conversion efficiency.

中文摘要 ...............................i
英文摘要 ...............................ii
謝誌 .................................. iii
目錄 .................................. iv
圖目錄 ................................ vii
表目錄 ................................ x
一、緒論 .................................... 1
1-1 前言 .................................... 1
1-2 太陽光譜簡介.............................. 3
1-3 太陽能電池的發展與種類 .................... 6
1-3-1 矽晶太陽能電池 ......................... 8
1-3-2 化合物形式太陽能電池 ................... 10
1-3-3 有機化合物薄膜太陽能電池................. 10
1-4 染料敏化太陽能電池 ....................... 12
1-4-1 基本構造 .............................. 12
1-4-2 元件製成方法 ........................... 14
1-4-3 工作原理 .............................. 15
1-4-4 半導體電極 ............................. 18
1-4-5 電解液 ................................. 21
1-4-6 透明導電玻璃............................. 22
1-4-7 對向電極…. ............................. 22
1-4-8 光敏化染料 .............................. 23
1-4-9 太陽能電池電壓-電流輸出特性 ............... 25
1-4-10 釕金屬光敏染料文獻探討 .................. 27
1-4-11 鋅金屬光敏染料文獻探討 .................. 31
1-4-12 配位基鉗合金屬光敏染料文獻探討............ 35
1-4-13 有機光敏染料............................ 36
二、結構設計概念與動機 ......................... 39
2-1 結構設計概念與動機 ......................... 39
2-2 合成及討論 ................................ 47
2-2-1 合成策略及結構探討 ....................... 47
2-2-2 光物理性質研究及探討 ..................... 58
2-2-3 電化學特性研究及探討 ..................... 58
2-3 結論與未來展望 ............................ 60
2-4 實驗步驟與光譜數據 ......................... 61
三、材料及儀器 ................................ 76
3-1 實驗藥品 .................................. 76
3-2 實驗儀器 .................................. 76
3-2-1 核磁共振光譜儀(Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy)................................ 76
3-2-2 紫外光-可見光譜儀(UV-vis spectrophotometer) ...............................................77
3-2-3 高解析質譜儀(High Resolution Mass Spectrometer) ...............................................77
3-2-4 電化學分析儀 Electrochemical Analyzer (CH Instruments)...................................77
3-2-5 單晶X光結構繞射儀 (Single-crystal X-ray Diffractometer) ...............................78
參考文獻 ...................................... 79
附錄 .......................................... 84


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