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研究生:楊鵬政
研究生(外文):Yang-Peng Zheng
論文名稱:使用極致編程在嵌入式系統中移植開放原始碼
論文名稱(外文):Using eXtreme Programming To Port Open Source Software In Embedded Systems
指導教授:陳振炎
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:資訊工程學系碩士在職專班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:中文
論文頁數:21
中文關鍵詞:極致編程嵌入式系統開放原始碼程式碼移植
外文關鍵詞:Extreme ProgrammingOpen Source Softwareembedded systemsPorting
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使用極致編程在嵌入式系統中,面臨的不只是客戶與軟體工程師之間的團隊合作問題,而開放原始碼的移植也挑戰極致編程先寫測試程式再寫程式碼的困擾。
為解決上述問題,本論文提出讓各專家使用的分享式虛擬化開發平台及用測試驅動開發方法來移植開放原始碼。
預期的優點:(1)分享式虛擬化開發平台讓嵌入式極致編程(Embedded XP)的程式碼共有(Collective code Ownership)更直接,也更容易分享專業知識(Domain Knowledge)。(2)利用開放原始碼解決了我們對不熟悉領域的技術問題,降低進入技術門檻和先期投資成本及時間,所以開放原始碼被極致編程視為Spike Solution(突破方案)。(3)TDD-OSS Porting Methodology縮短週期計畫(Iteration Planning),讓開放原始碼的導入符合極致編程的TDD精神,也承襲了TDD所帶來快速開發高品質軟體的好處。
Using extreme programming (XP) in embedded systems faces many challenges. In addition to difficult cooperation between customers and software engineers, the porting of open source software (OSS) challenges the XP principle of “write unit test first”, as there is no unit tests.
To solve this problem, this thesis proposes: 1) a shared, virtual development platform for the diversified expert to communicate with each other, and 2) a test-driven development (TDD)-based methodology for porting OSS in embedded systems.
The expected benefits are: 1) the shared, virtual development platform facilitates the XP practice of collective code ownership. It also assists domain knowledge sharing. 2) Using open source software lowers the technical barrier of porting and thus cut down the cost and time for it. The OSS can thus be regarded as spike solution of XP. 3) This TDD OSS methodology inherits extreme programming that shortens iteration and that promises to bring about rapid development of high quality embedded systems.
目 錄
CHAPTER 1. 簡介 (INTRODUCTION)............................. 1
CHAPTER 2. 相關文獻 (RELATED WORK)......................... 2
2.1 開發平台................................................ 2
2.2 TDD PORTING............................................. 2
CHAPTER 3. 分享式虛擬化開發平台和PORTING METHODOLOGY....... 4
3.1 分享式虛擬化開發平台.................................... 4
3.2 TDD-OSS PORTING......................................... 5
CHAPTER 4. 實例 (A CASE STUDY)............................. 8
4.1 計畫背景................................................ 8
4.2 開發環境................................................ 8
4.3 軟體架構................................................ 9
CHAPTER 5. 評估 (EVALUATION)...............................10
CHAPTER 6. 結論 (CONCLUSIONS)..............................11
參考文獻........................................................12
APPENDIX A EMBEDDED SYSTEMS DESIGN CYCLE........................13
APPENDIX B 原始程式碼行數統計...................................14
APPENDIX C PATCH工具............................................15
APPENDIX D CALL GRAPH MODULE工具................................16
APPENDIX E CROSS-PLATFORM COMPILER..............................17
APPENDIX F CODING STANDARDS.....................................18
附錄的參考文獻..................................................21
參考文獻
[1].Kent Beck, Extreme Programming Explained: Embrace Change, Addison-Wesley, 1999.
[2].Raj Kamal, Embedded Systems Architecture Programming and design, McGraw Hill 2005.
[3].James Grenning, Extreme Programming and Embedded Software Development, 2002.
[4].Michel Ruffine, Christof Ebert, Using Open Source Software in product Development: A Primer, IEEE 2004.
[5].INES, INES final report, pp.19, 2004.
[6].U3. http://www.u3.com/.
[7].David Astels,Test-Driven Development - A Practical Guide, Prentice Hall PTR,2003.
[8].Ralph Bohnet, Gerard Meszaros, Test-Driven Porting,2005.
[9].Storytesting. http://industrialxp.org/storytesting.html.
[10].CVS - Concurrent Versions System. http://www.nongnu.org/cvs/.
[11].Bernard Golden, Succeeding with Open Source, Addison-Wesley, 2005.
[12].Mel Gorman, CodeViz. http://www.csn.ul.ie/~mel/projects/codeviz/.
[13].Synergy Project. http://synergy2.sourceforge.net/.
[14].UPnP Forum, MediaRenderer V1.0, 2002. http://www.upnp.org/.
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