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研究生:游晶華
研究生(外文):Jing-Hua You
論文名稱:赴中國投資對台灣母公司績效之影響
指導教授:鄒孟文鄒孟文引用關係
指導教授(外文):Meng-Wen Tsou
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:產業經濟研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:62
中文關鍵詞:中國直接投資直接投資廠商績效生產績效總要素生產力勞動生產力
外文關鍵詞:China FDIforeign direct investmentFDILP
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文使用1997年至2005年台灣經濟新報資料庫(TEJ)上市上櫃製造業廠商的資料,結合這些公司在經濟部投資審委員會之中國投資審查資料彙整之數據進行研究分析,探討台灣赴中國直接投資對台灣母公司生產績效的影響。本研究分為兩個部分:第一部分,將中國直接投資視為一外生變數,以固定效果模型進行估計。第二部分,將赴中國直接投資視為一內生變數,以2001年台灣投資政策變動作為一對外投資選擇的外生衝擊,以解決廠商自我選擇之潛在內生性問題。第一部分實證結果發現,廠商中國投資強度越高,對總要素生產力和勞動生產力來說,皆為正向影響,但僅有總要素生產力統計上顯著。而以勞動生產力為應變數時,則不具有統計顯著性。然而,當控制了廠商自我選擇之效果後,對中國投資程度越強,對總要素生產力以及勞動生產力皆具有正向且顯著的影響效果。從上述兩種迴歸模型結果得知,本研究發現無論是否考慮潛在內生性,當廠商中國直接強度越高,公司能創造更高的生產績效。
This paper provides empirical evidence on the relationship between FDI in China and the production performance of Taiwan ’s parent company. Base on the data from Taiwan Economic Journal of firms listed on Taiwan Stock Exchange from 1997 to 2005, and FDI in China collected by the Ministry of Economic Affairs. This study is divided into two parts: In the first part, China's direct investment is regarded as an exogenous variable, which is estimated by a fixed effect model. In the other one, direct investment in China is regarded as an endogenous variable, and the change of Taiwan ’s investment policy in 2001 is regarded as an exogenous shock of foreign investment to deal with the potential endogenous problems of manufacturers ’self-selection. The empirical result of the first part finds that the higher the intensity of Chinese investment by manufacturers, the positive effect on firm’s productivity; however, it only reveals when the total factor productivity as the dependent variable is statistically. On the other hand, when labor productivity is seen as the dependent variable, it is not statistically significant. However, after controlling the effect of manufacturers' self-selection, more the investment in China, the more positive and significant effects on manufacturers productivity. According to the results of the two regression models, this study finds that regardless of the potential endogenous, the higher the investment intensity in China, the company can create better production performance.
目錄
摘 要 ......................................................................................................................... i Abstract........................................................................................................................... ii 誌 謝 辭 ....................................................................................................................... iii 目 錄 ....................................................................................................................... iv 圖 目 錄 ....................................................................................................................... vi 表 目 錄 ...................................................................................................................... vii 第一章 緒論...................................................................................................................1
1-1 研究動機與目的..............................................................................................1
1-2 研究架構..........................................................................................................6 第二章 研究背景–台灣對外投資政策.......................................................................7 2-1 「戒急用忍」政策..........................................................................................8 2-2 「積極開放,有效管理」政策......................................................................9 第三章 文獻回顧.........................................................................................................13 3-1 境外生產與生產力........................................................................................13 3-2 境外生產與研發與生產力............................................................................15 3-3 投資地點選擇效果........................................................................................16 第四章 資料來源與研究方法.....................................................................................18 4-1 資料來源........................................................................................................18 4-2 變數定義........................................................................................................20 4-3 敘述統計........................................................................................................24 4-4 Levinsohn and Petrin Approach (L-P approach) ......................................25 4-4 Panel Data 模型 .............................................................................................29 4-4-1 特性說明 ............................................................................................29
iv
4-4-2 固定效果模型(Fixed-Effect Model, FE) ......................................29 4-4-3 隨機效果模型(Random-Effect Model, RE) .................................30 4-4-4 Hausman Test.......................................................................................31
4-5 實證模型........................................................................................................32 4-5-1 固定效果模型(Fixed-Effect Model, FE) ......................................32 4-5-2 兩階段最小平方法 (Two-Stage Least Squares, 2SLS)...............34
第五章 實證結果.........................................................................................................36 5-1 固定效果模型(Fixed-Effect Model, FE)實證結果 .................................36 5-2 兩階段最小平方法 (Two-Stage Least Squares, 2SLS)實證結果 ..........39
第六章 結論.................................................................................................................43 參考文獻 .......................................................................................................................45 附 錄 一.......................................................................................................................48 附 錄 二.......................................................................................................................50 附 錄 三.......................................................................................................................51
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Tsou, M. W., Liu, J. T., Hammitt, J. K., & Chang, C. F.(2013), “The Impact of Foreign Direct Investment in China on Employment Adjustments in Taiwan: Evidence from Matched Employer–employee Data”, Japan and The World Economy, 25, 68-79.
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