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研究生:溫健群
研究生(外文):Chien-Chun Wen
論文名稱:應用RFID技術於室內空間防救災時的疏散指引系統之研究
論文名稱(外文):An Indoor Evacuation System Using Passive RFID Technology During Disasters
指導教授:周建成周建成引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chien-Cheng Chou
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:土木工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:124
中文關鍵詞:被動式RFID疏散系統
外文關鍵詞:passive RFIDevacuation system
相關次數:
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  • 下載下載:225
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
近年來隨著科技快速的發展,許多國家的大都市都已建設地下化的大眾鐵路運輸工具,這些鐵路通常會以環狀的方式建造並在人潮最多的地方交會,因此當災難發生在地下化的大型車站時,往往會造成嚴重的傷亡。
災難的發生與災難所造成的災害是無法預測的,為了降低災難發生後所造成的人員傷亡,本研究利用行動裝置結合被動式RFID設備來製作室內定位系統,並且用照片型式的虛擬實境來顯示,再以螞蟻散佈費洛蒙的概念為基礎,配合RFID設備可以讀取與寫入的特點,來達成資訊交換的功能,如此一來就能夠在沒有電源供應的建築物內部中,只靠著行動裝置的電力來達成室內定位以及資訊分享的服務,如此一來就能夠幫助使用者在惡劣的環境下不會迷失方向,並且增加在災難發生的環境下生存的機會。
With the rapid technological development in recent years, many countries, cities have built underground railway transport system, the big railway station usually built in city center, so when a disaster occurs in the large underground stations, it often causing serious casualties.
The disaster occurs and the disaster cannot forecast, so to reduce the casualties, We present a evacuation system, We use mobile devices combined with passive RFID equipment to produce indoor location aware function, and We use virtual reality of photographs types to display environment, then, We based on ant spread pheromone and RFID devices can read and write features to produce information sharing function, Thus users can use this evacuation system in lock of power building, only relying on power of mobile devices to use indoor location aware and information sharing function, This evacuation system can help users do not get lost direction in adverse circumstances, and increase the probability of survival.
摘要..... .................................................i
Abstract. ................................................ii
誌謝..... ...............................................iii
目錄.....................................................iv
圖目錄..................................................vii
表目錄...................................................ix
第一章 序論...............................................1
1-1 研究背景與動機........................................1
1-2 研究問題與目的........................................2
1-3 研究範圍與內容........................................3
1-4 研究流程..............................................4
1-5 論文架構..............................................6
第二章 文獻回顧...........................................7
2-1 RFID硬體簡介..........................................7
2-1-1 RFID簡介............................................7
2-1-2 RFID Reader.........................................7
2-1-3 RFID Tag............................................8
2-1-4 RFID的通訊標準與方式................................9
2-1-5 RFID使用頻率.......................................11
2-1-6 主動式與被動式RFID系統在本研究上的優缺點...........12
2-1-7 此RFID系統的使用環境...............................12
2-2室內定位系統簡介與相關研究............................13
2-2-1主動式RFID室內定位系統..............................14
2-2-2被動式RFID室內定位系統..............................15
2-2-3定位系統相關研究....................................16
2-3 虛擬實境與導覽系統...................................18
2-3-1 虛擬實境...........................................18
2-3-2 導覽系統...........................................21
2-4 RFID硬體測試相關文獻.................................23
2-4-1 應用在物料倉儲裡的RFID管理系統.....................24
2-4-2 導航系統中的高頻RFID技術效能測試...................25
2-4-3 使用RFID技術的精確定位系統.........................26
2-5 RFID資訊交換相關應用.................................27
2-6 其他無線網路技術在土木工程上的應用...................30
2-6-1 可幫助降低災難對關鍵基礎設施的影響的區域網路溝通平台.......................................................30
2-6-2 以無線網路定位技術為基礎的交通運輸監測系統.........30
2-6-3 應用無線網路溝通設備在建築工程上的應用.............31
2-7 文章評析.............................................31
第三章 被動式RFID室內人員導航系統之設計..................33
3-1螞蟻訊息傳遞介紹......................................33
3-2 模仿螞蟻訊息傳遞之RFID疏散系統架構..............36
3-3 系統硬體........................................38
3-3-1 本研究所使用的RFID Reader..........................38
3-3-2 本研究所使用的RFID Tag.............................40
3-3-3 本研究所使用的行動裝置.............................42
3-4 RFID設備各種物理量測試..........................43
3-4-1 讀寫區域測試.......................................44
3-4-2 讀寫距離測試.......................................46
3-4-3 讀寫速度測試.......................................49
3-4-4 測試結果分析.......................................52
3-5 系統功能........................................53
3-5-1室內定位............................................53
3-5-2 虛擬實境...........................................53
3-5-3資訊交換............................................53
3-5-4資料匯出............................................54
3-6 RFID室內定位功能設計............................54
3-6-1 RFID Tag的設置.....................................55
3-6-2 在災難發生的環境下也能夠快速找到RFID Tag的設置方式.56
3-7 照片型式的虛擬實境設計..........................57
3-7-1 照片設置...........................................59
3-8 RFID資訊交換功能設計............................63
3-8-1 資料格式...........................................63
3-8-2資訊交換系統介紹....................................65
第四章 Ant Behavior Simulation疏散系統...................68
4-1 系統介紹.............................................68
4-1-1 資料匯出功能範例...................................71
4-1-2 有與沒有使用疏散系統的預期比較表...................72
4-2 RFID資訊交換功能的實際操作...........................74
4-3 操作虛擬實境與室內定位的功能.........................77
4-4 ABS疏散系統在假設環境下的實際操作....................82
第五章 結論與建議........................................87
5-1 結論.................................................87
5-2 建議.................................................88
5-3 未來實際測試之建議...................................89
5-4 貢獻.................................................91
參考文獻.................................................93
附錄一 : 安裝手冊........................................97
附錄二 : 使用手冊.......................................101
附錄三 : 重要程式碼介紹.................................105
附錄四 : 錯誤碼表.......................................107
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