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研究生:田昀浩
研究生(外文):Yun-Hao Tien
論文名稱:多輸入多輸出下同時訊息及能量傳輸系統之設計與模擬
論文名稱(外文):Design and Simulation of MIMO Simultaneous Wireless Information and Power Transfer Systems
指導教授:古孟霖
指導教授(外文):Meng-Lin Ku
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:通訊工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:55
中文關鍵詞:能量傳輸干擾對齊功率分流天線選擇
外文關鍵詞:Energy harvestingWireless power transferInterference alignmentsimultaneous wireless information and power transfer
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能量採集是延長有限能量設備運轉時間的解決方案,其中射頻訊號做為能量採集使用已經是可行的遠距離能量傳輸方式,而本篇將針對多輸入多輸出系統下利用功率分流器達成同時訊息及能量傳輸進行探討。
訊息傳遞的目標是要讓系統傳輸量最大化,對於能量的傳遞則是希望讓接收端能獲取最多的能量,然而受限於目前硬體的限制,射頻的訊號並不能同時做為訊息和能量的接收使用,因此如何分配射頻訊號便是本篇要探討的問題之一。另外在多天線下對於發送波束成形的設計,也會改變訊息及能量接收的多寡,且發對於訊息及能量為目標設計的波束成形並不相同。
多使用者的情況比單使用者多了使用者之間的干擾,這些干擾會降低訊息的傳輸量,但可以做為能量接收提升能量獲取量。傳統訊息傳輸的多使用者干擾問題便非常的困難,加入能量的傳輸後系統將更複雜,本篇將簡化分析並引入干擾對齊的概念設計可行的解決方案。

Energy harvesting (EH) can be used to charge the battery and thus prolong the survival time of the device. RF signals can be used to transfer energy, therefore it can be a new source for energy harvesting. Wireless energy harvesting (WEH) is becoming an important aspect of EH. Since RF signals can be used as a vehicle for both transmitting information and transferring energy in wireless networks, simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT) has attracted much attention.
We consider that receiver has power splitter to splitting the received power into two parts. Then the receiver can simultaneous decoding information and harvesting energy. We first consider one-user case in multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system, then extend to Multi-user case. Finally, consider multi-user power splitting combined with the interference alignment technology.

摘要 i
Abstract ii
致謝 iii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 vi
表目錄 vii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 文獻探討 3
第二章 單一使用者 5
2.1 功率分流器 5
2.2 系統架構 6
2.3 功率分流 7
2.4 天線選擇 8
第三章 多使用者-天線選擇 10
3.1 消除干擾 10
3.2 接收天線選擇 11
3.2.1 通道的弗羅貝尼烏斯範數 12
3.2.2弦距(chordal distance) 13
3.2.3 等效通道 13
第四章 干擾對齊 15
4.1對齊可實現性 17
4.2 最小化干擾溢出 17
4.3最大SINR迭代法 19
第五章 干擾對齊應用於能量傳輸 21
5.1 基於干擾對齊下的統一功率分流 22
5.2 基於干擾對齊下的天線選擇 23
5.2.1 Reverse SINR 24
第六章 模擬結果 26
6.1 單一使用者 26
6.2 多使用者-天線選擇 28
6.3 基於干擾對齊下的統一功率分流 31
6.4 基於干擾對齊下的天線選擇 33
6.5 綜合比較 35
第七章 結論 37
附錄 38
附錄A 38
拉格朗日對偶函數 38
對偶問題 41
附錄B 42
文獻參考 45


[1] Jaehyun Park, B. Clerckx, “Transmission strategies for joint wireless information and energy transfer in a two-user MIMO interference channel”, in Proc. IEEE ICC Workshop, pp.591-595, Jun. 2013.
[2] K. Gomadam , V.R. Cadambe , and S.A. Jafar, ”A Distributed Numerical Approach to Interference Alignment and Applications to Wireless Interference Networks”, IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory, vol.57, no.6, pp.3309-3322,Jun. 2011.
[3] Craig Wilson , and Venugopal Veeravalli, “A Convergent Version of the Max SINR Algorithm for the MIMO Interference Channel”, IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol.12, no.6, pp..2952-2961,Jun. 2013.
[4] Bonik Koo and Daeyoung Park , “Interference Alignment and Wireless Energy Transfer via Antenna Selection”, IEEE Commun. Lett. , vol. 18, no. 4, p.p. 548-551, Jan. 2014.
[5] Nan Zhao, F.R. Yu,and V.C. Leung, “ Opportunistic interference alignment networks for simultaneous wireless information and power transfer through user selection”, in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. WCSP, pp.23-25, Oct. 2014.
[6] Nan Zhao, F. Richard Yu, and Victor C.M. Leung , “Wireless power transfer based on angle switching in interference alignment wireless networks”, in Proc. IEEE ICC, pp. 3776-3781, Jun. 2015.
[7] S. Kim, R. Vyas, J. Bito, K. Niotaki, A. Collado, A. Georgiadis, and M. M. Tentzeris, “Ambient RF energy-harvesting technologies for self-sustainable standalone wireless sensor platforms”, Proc. IEEE, vol. 102,no. 11, pp. 1649-1666, Nov. 2014.
[8] C. R. Valenta and G. D. Durgin, “Harvesting wireless power: survey of energy-harvester conversion efficiency in far-field, wireless power transfer systems”, IEEE Microw. Mag., vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 108-120, Jun. 2014.
[9] K. Huang and X. Zhou, “Cutting the last wires for mobile communications by microwave power transfer”, IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 6, pp. 86-93, Jun. 2015.
[10] Nan Zhao, F. Richard Yu and Victor C. M. Leung, “Wireless energy harvesting in interference alignment networks”, IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 6, pp.72-78, Jun. 2015.
[11] Xiao Lu, Dong In Kim, and Zhu Han, “Wireless Networks With RF Energy Harvesting: A Contemporary Survey”, Commun. Surveys Tuts., vol. 17, no. 2, pp.757-789, Sec. 2015.
[12] Rui Zhang and Chin Keong Ho, “MIMO Broadcasting for Simultaneous Wireless Information and Power Transfer” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun.,vol. 12, no. 5,pp. 1989-2001,May. 2013.
[13] Hoon Lee, Sang-Rim Lee, Kyoung-Jae Lee, Han-Bae Kong and Inkyu Lee, “Optimal Beamforming Designs for Wireless Information and Power Transfer in MISO Interference Channels”, IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 14, no. 9, pp. 4810-4821,Sept. 2015.
[14] Sai Zhao, Quanzhong Li, Qi Zhang and Jiayin Qin, “Antenna Selection for Simultaneous Wireless Information and Power Transfer in MIMO Systems”, IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 789-792, May 2014.
[15] Ayça Özçelikkale, and Tolga M. Duman, “Linear Precoder Design for Simultaneous Information and Energy Transfer Over Two-User MIMO Interference Channels”, IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 14, no. 10, p.p. 5836-5847, Oct. 2015.
[16] Zhiyuan Zong, Hui Feng, F. Richard Yu, and Nan Zhao, “Optimal Transceiver Design for SWIPT in K -User MIMO Interference Channels”, IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 15, no. 1, p.p. 430-445, Aug. 2015.

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