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研究生:葵薇蘿
研究生(外文):An-Nuur Taqwayaroh Wamayataqillah
論文名稱:從纖維公司釋放的亞硫酸鹽和次氯酸鹽對廢水處理廠的性能和邊際減排成本的影響 以 印 度 尼 西 亞 的 Purwakarta 為 例
論文名稱(外文):Effect of Sulphite and Hypochlorite Released from a Fiber Company on the Performance and Marginal Abatement Cost of a Waste Water Treatment Plant Case Study: Purwakarta, Indonesia
指導教授:林居慶
指導教授(外文):Chu-Ching Lin, Ph.D
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:國際永續發展碩士在職專班
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文出版年:2018
畢業學年度:106
語文別:英文
論文頁數:92
中文關鍵詞:纖維工業進流水亞硫酸鹽和次氯酸鹽濃度限制廢水處理過程和邊際減排成本。
外文關鍵詞:fiber industryinfluent sulphite and hypochloritethe wastewater treatment processand marginal abatement cos
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印度尼西亞Purwakarta城市的纖維公司所排放的高濃度亞硫酸鹽和次氯酸鹽廢水一直以來被認為是導致當地污水處理廠出水水質不佳的原因。為了確定廢水處理的亞硫酸鹽和氯的濃度限制,本研究使用Minitab 16模式分析了入流水的亞硫酸鹽及氯化物濃度與廢水處理效能之間的關係。廢水處理效能以一系列的關鍵水質參數做評估,包括化學需氧量(COD),生物需氧量(BOD),混合液懸浮固體(MLSS)和混合液體揮發性懸浮固體(MLVSS)。此外,還評估了COD和BOD排放的邊際減排成本(MAC)。結果發現,亞硫酸鹽濃度的可接受範圍為4483.19至5237.085 mg/L之間,氯濃度的極限範圍則為0.27至0.31 mg/L之間。至於MAC的減排成本,1 mg/L的COD估計為Rp.55,849.14,而BOD則為Rp.55,845.51。本研究的成果可作為未來廢水處理廠審查和修訂的參考。
Elevated concentrations of sulphite and hypochloride released from fiber industry have been considered the factors to cause poor effluent water quality of the wastewater treatment plant in Purwakarta, Indonesia. To determine the concentration limit of sulphite and chlorine for the wastewater treatment, in this study we analyzed the association between the influent sulphite or chloride concentration and the performance of the wastewater treatment by using Minitab 16 programs. A suite of key water quality parameters including Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), Mixed Liquor Suspended Solids (MLSS) and Mixed Liquor Volatile Suspended Solids (MLVSS) were included in the analysis. In addition, Marginal Abatement Cost (MAC) from COD and BOD emission was assessed. It was found that the acceptable range for sulphite concentrations was 4483.19 mg/L to 5237.085 mg/L and the limit range of chlorine concentrations was 0.27 – 0.31 mg/L. The estimated abatement cost of MAC for 1 mg/l COD parameter was Rp.55, 849.14 and for that of BOD was Rp.55, 845.51. This study may serve as a reference for future review and revision of the Wastewater Treatment Plant.
Chinese Abstract i
Abstract ii
Acknowledgement iii
Table of Contents iv
List of Figures vii
List of tables ix
Acronyms x
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Problem Statement 1
1.2 Cause and Mechanism of problem 2
1.3 Solution of the Problem 2
1.4 Purpose of this Study 3
1.5 Benefit of this Study 4
Chapter 2 Literature Review 5
2.1 The Wastewater for fibre Company 5
2.1.1 Source of fibre Industry waste 5
2.1.2 Parameters of Wastewater from Textile Industry 8
2.2 Liquid Waste 10
2.3 Sulphite 10
2.4 Hypochlorite 11
2.5 Waste Water Treatment Process 12
2.6 Sulphur Process in Waste Water 17
2.7 Equalization Unit of Liquid Waste Processing 20
2.8 Active Sludge Unit on Industrial Waste Water Treatment 21
2.9 Abatement Cost 25
2.9.1 Aggregate Marginal Abatement Cost 27
2.10 Minitab 28
Chapter 3 Methodology 29
3.1 Flowchart Procedure of the Research 29
3.2 Analyse Sulphite and Chlorine Concentration 30
3.2.1 Method of implementation… 30
3.2.2 Data Analysis 30
3.3 Determine the Efficiency for BOD and COD Emission 31
3.4 Marginal Abatement Cost… 32
3.4.1 Types and Data Sources 32
3.4.2 Methods and Data Analysis 32
3.4.3 Marginal Abatement Cost (MAC) Analysis based on
Liquid Waste Parameter Concentration 32
3.4.4 Estimated Equation and Marginal Abatement Cost Curves (MAC)… 35
Chapter 4 Result and Discussion 37
4.1 Location of Fiber Company 37
4.2 Liquid Waste management and Management Regulations 37
4.3 The Process for making Fibers on Fiber Company 38
4.4 waste Water Treatment Production 39
4.5 Description Design of Liquid Waste Water Processing Unit in Fiber Company 42
4.6 Efficiency of Waste Water Treatment fir BOD and COD… 43
4.6.1 BOD (Biochemical Oxygen Demand) 43
4.6.2 COD (Chemical Oxygen Demand)… 44
4.7 Parameter Control of Liquid waste Pollutant Processing 45
4.8 Analysis Sulphite and Chlorine Concentration in wastewater Treatment Plant … 46
4.8.1 Sulphite Concentration for 24 hours 46
4.8.2 Chlorine Concentration for 24 hours 47
4.8.3 Analysis for Sulphite Concentration on Water Parameters 48
4.8.4 Analysis for Chlorine Concentration on Water Parameters… 55
4.9 Pre-treatment for Sulphite and Chlorine Concentration… 62
4.10 Estimated Marginal Abatement Cost (MAC) based on Wastewater Parameters. 63
4.10.1 Inlet and Outlet waste Water based on Parameters… 63
4.10.2 Total Cost of Waste Water Processing (Total Abatement Cos/TAC)… 64
4.10.3 Estimated Marginal Abatement Cost (MAC) of BOD Parameters… 65
4.10.4 Estimated Marginal Abatement Cost (MAC) of COD Parameters… 68
Chapter 5 Conclusion and Recommendation 71
5.1 Conclusion 71
5.2 Recommendation 71
References 72
Appendixes. 75
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