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研究生:蔡秉翔
研究生(外文):Ping-Hsiang Tsai
論文名稱:建立於隨身聽的數位式電子聽診器
論文名稱(外文):A digital electronic stethoscope based on an audio player
指導教授:蔡章仁蔡章仁引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:電機工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:53
中文關鍵詞:喘鳴音數位隨身聽肺音
外文關鍵詞:WheezeLung soundDigital audio player
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  • 被引用被引用:12
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人體內部有許多的器官,不同的器官同時運作以維持人體的正常運作;肺臟為提供細胞充足氧氣並排放出人體不需要之二氧化碳的重要器官。氣體流通在肺臟時會因為與氣管壁摩擦而產生肺音;而當肺臟有病變時,肺音亦會跟著改變。氣喘是一種慢性支氣管炎,在肺音訊號上以喘鳴音為最典型的特徵,另外氣喘在肺音頻率上所造成的變化也是很重要的參考指標。
傳統聽診器無法保留患者的肺音訊號,因而無法對訊號做更進一步的分析;而目前市售之數位化電子式聽診器有著單價偏高及錄音組數有限等缺點。因此本研究的主要目的,為使用市售的數位隨身聽作為基礎,開發一建立於隨身聽的數位化電子式聽診器;包括了內含電容式麥克風的聽診頭、放大濾波電路、儲存數位化肺音訊號的隨身聽。軟體部分則利用C語言撰寫數位隨身聽的類8051處理器,使用快速傅立葉轉換及功率頻譜密度等分析方法作喘鳴音的偵測。
There are many organs inside a human body. They operate together to keep a person alive. The lung is an important organ to transport oxygen into the body and export carbon dioxide outside of the body. As air hits the walls of these airways, turbulence is created and produces sound, that is what we called lung sound. But if you have some diseases in your respiratory system, lung sounds may change. Asthma is a kind of bronchitis, this will produce a particular sound called wheeze. Besides that, the influence on frequency analysis on lung sound caused by asthma is also an important resource in detecting wheeze.
Lung sound signals can’t be saved using an acoustics stethoscope, and also can’t be reused. There are some digitized electronic stethoscopes, but they are usually expensive and can’t store too many lung sound files. So the purpose of this study is to produce a digital electronic stethoscope based on a digital audio player. It contains an electric condenser microphone, an amplifier circuit, a filter circuit, and a storage device. The system contains a diagnosis program which is written in C language on a 8051 processor. It uses FFT and PSD to analyze the lung sound signals in order to detect wheeze.
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
誌 謝 III
目 錄 IV
圖 目 錄 VII
表 目 錄 IX
第一章 緒論
1-1 聽診器的演進 1
1-2 研究動機 4
1-3 文獻回顧 5
第二章 呼吸生理及肺音
2-1 呼吸系統的生理架構 8
2-2 肺音的產生 10
2-3 肺音的分類 11
2-4 正常呼吸音 11
2-5 異常呼吸音 12
2-6 氣喘 14
第三章 系統硬體架構
3-1 實驗步驟 18
3-1-1 感應器 19
3-1-2 共同電壓電路 20
3-1-3 放大電路 21
3-1-4 濾波電路 22
3-2 訊號儲存裝置 26
3-2-1 將類比訊號引入數位隨身聽 27
3-2-2 肺音訊號的儲存形式 28
3-2-3 肺音訊號的數位化及編碼 30
3-2-4 編碼後訊號的儲存 31
第四章 系統軟體架構
4-1 正常與異常肺音的差異性之評估 34
4-1-1 正常肺音的時、頻域特性 34
4-1-2 喘鳴音的時、頻域特性 35
4-2 氣喘偵測演算法 36
4-2-1 快速傅立葉轉換 38
4-2-2 功率頻譜密度 39
4-2-3 門檻值的設定 39
4-3 使用者介面 41
第五章 結果與討論
5-1 系統測試與結果 45
5-2 與市售產品之比較 47
5-3 結論 48
5-4 未來方向 49
參考文獻 50
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