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研究生:藍得祐
研究生(外文):De-you Lan
論文名稱:貿易、技術與薪資溢酬
論文名稱(外文):Trade、Technology and Wage differential
指導教授:鄒孟文鄒孟文引用關係
指導教授(外文):Meng-Wen Tsou
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:產業經濟研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:65
中文關鍵詞:技術貿易薪資差距
外文關鍵詞:Wage differentialTradeTechnology Progress
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本文的研究重點在於探討台灣與中國貿易依存度的日益上升及產業間的技術進步,將使得台灣員工因教育程度不同所造成薪資差距有何影響。並利用1993年至2008 年台灣地區人力運用調查資料及台經院產經資料庫並輔以各政府單位的出版品,包括國科會科學技術統計要覽、經濟部工業生產統計月報(年報)、財政部進出口貿易統計月報(年報),以及行政院國科會-統計資料庫。
研究中利用產業層級資料及員工個人層級資料,並以兩階段最小平方法(2SLS)及普通最小平方法(OLS)實證方法加以估計:實證結果指出與中國貿易依存度的增加對低教育程度員工影響程度最劇烈,而產業間的技術進步對高教育程度員工影響最深,並使得員工因教育成不同所造成的薪資差距出現擴大的情況,而此結果符合技術變動導致員工技能改變之理論( skill-biased of technological change-SBTC)
Focus of this study is to investigate the degree of dependence on foreign trade between Taiwan and China and technological progress of industry, will enable employees of different educational levels in Taiwan caused by the impact of the wage gap. Use the data from 1993 to 2008 in Taiwan Manpower Utilization Survey data and Taiwan institute of economic research’s industrial economics database which supplemented by various government agencies publications, including the National Science Council of Science and Technology Statistics Summary, Ministry of
Economic Affairs Industrial Production Statistics Monthly (Annual Report), Trade between the Ministry of Finance (Annual Report) and the National Science Council -
Statistics database.
In the paper which using industry level data and staff personal level data, and use two-stage least squares (2SLS) and ordinary least squares (OLS) to estimate the
empirical method: empirical results indicate that increasing trade dependence with China will cause low-educated workers the most dramatic impact, while the
inter-industry technological progress will influence on the most highly educated employees, and makes the wage gap widening, finally, this results is consistent with
skill -biased of technological change theory.
第一章 緒論 ..............................................1
1.1 研究動機及目的 .......................................1
1.2 研究對象與資料來源 ...................................3
1.3 研究方法 .............................................3
1.3.1 利用產業層級資料....................................3
1.3.2 利用員工個人層級資料 ...............................4
1.4 研究架構..............................................5
第二章 文獻回顧 ..........................................6
2.1 理論部分 .............................................6
2.1.1 著重國際貿易之理論 .................................6
2.1.2 著重技術偏向之理論 .................................7
3.2 實證部分 .............................................8
3.2.1 國外實證部分 .......................................8
3.2.2 國內實證部分 ......................................13
第三章 資料說明與分析 ...................................15
3.1 台灣製造業工資結構變化之趨勢 ........................15
3.2 貿易方面 ............................................18
3.3 技術變動方面 ....................................... 27
第四章 實證模型與變數設定 .............................. 29
4.1 實證模型與變數設定 ................................. 29
4.1.1 實證模型一: ..................................... 29
4.1.2 實證模型二: ..................................... 33
第五章實證結果分析 ..................................... 35
5.1 產業層級資料之實證結果分析: ....................... 35
5.2 員工個人資料之實證結果分析: ....................... 40
第六章 結論與政策建議 .................................. 53
6.1 結論 ............................................... 53
6.2 政策建議 ........................................... 53
6.3 研究限制.............................................54
參考文獻................................................ 55
中文部分(以下依姓氏筆劃排列)
林金源、朱雲鵬(2000)“台灣個人工作報酬不均度的長期變化”台灣經濟學會年
林金源與朱雲鵬(2001)“台灣產業結構變化對薪資不均度之影響”當代勞動市場與失業研討會論文
林金源、朱雲鵬(2001)“台灣跨期薪資不均度之研究”:因素分析法的應用”國科會研究報告
張靜云(2001)“全球化與臺灣勞動受雇結構轉變” 經濟情勢暨評論季刊第六卷第四期
英文部分(以下依英文字母順序排列)
Allen, Steven G.(2001)Technology and the Wage Structure”,Journal of Labor Economics,Vol.19 no.2 pp.440-483
Baldwin, Robert E. and Glen G. Cain(2000)“Shift in Relative U.S. Wage:The Role of Trade,Technology,and Factor Endowments” ,The Review of Economics and Statistics ,82(4)pp.580-595
Berman, Eli ,John Bound ,and Stephen Machin ( 1998 ) “Implications of Skill-Biased Technological Change : International Evidence” ,The Quarterly Journal of Economics , pp.1245-1279
Betts Julian R.(1997)“The Skill Bias of Technological Change in Canadian Manufacturing Industries”,The Review of Economics and Statistics , pp.146-150
Beyer, Harald ,Patricio Rojas ,and Rodrigo Vergara(1999),“Trade liberalization and wage inequality” ,Journal of Development Economics ,Vol.59, pp.103-123
Borjas, George J. and Valerie A. Ramey(1994) “The Relationship Between Wage Inequality and International Trade”, in George Borjas and Richaard Freeman ,eds., Immigration and the Work Force,Chicago:University of Chicago Press , pp.213-244
Bound, John and George Johnson(1992)“Changes in the Structure of Wages in the 1980s:An Evaluation of Alternative Explannations”,American Economic Review 82 ,pp.371-392
Chan, Vei-Lin ,Lii-Tarn Chen and Sheng-Cheng Hu(1999), “Implications of Technology and Education for Wage Dispersion:Evidence from Taiwan”,in
G.Ranis and Sheng-Cheng Hu and Yun-Peng Chu ,Political Economy of Taiwan’s Development into twenty-first Century:Essays in Memory of John C.H.Fei , London:Edward Elgar.pp.247-282
Chen, Been-Lon and Mei Hsu(2001), “Time-Series Wage Differential in Taiwan:The Role of International Trade” ,Review of Development Economics ,5(2),pp.336-354
Fan CS, K Cheung (2004), “Trade and wage inequality: the hong kong case”, Pacific Economic Review , Vol.9, pp.131-142
Feenstra, Robert C. (1998) “Integration of Trade and Disintegration of Production in the Global Economy”,Journal of Economic Perspectives,Vol.12 no.4 pp.31-50
Haskel, Jonathan and Matthew J. Slaughter(2001)“Trade,Technology and U.K. Wage Inequality” ,The Economic Journal ,pp.163-187
Katz, Lawrence F. and Kevin M. Murphy(1992)“Changes in Relative Wages, 1963-1987:Supply and Demand Factors” ,The Quarterly Journal of Economics,107 pp.35-78
Krugman, Paul(1995)“Growing World Trade: Causes and Consequences”,Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 1 ,pp.327-377
Krugman, Paul R.(2000)“Technology ,Trade and Factor Prices” ,Journal of International Economics ,Vol.50 ,pp.51-71
Krugman, Paul and Robert Lawrence(1994)“Trade ,Jobs and Wages” ,Scientific American 170(4),pp.44-49
Leamer, Edward E.(2000)“What’s the Use of Factor Contents?” ,Journal of International Economics ,Vol.50 pp.17-49
Meng-Wen Tsou.(2002) “Wage differentials in Taiwanese manufacturing,1982-1997” Asian e Economic journal, Vol.16 pp.317-335
Murphy, Kevin and Finis Welch(1991) “The Role of International Trade in Wage Differentials”, in Workers and Their Wages ,New York:Russell Sage Foundation ,pp.101-132
Nannan Lundin and Lihong Yun(2009) “International Trade and Inter-Industry Wage structure in Swedish manufacturing : Evidence from Matched Employer-Employee Data”, Review of International Economics, Vol.17 pp.87-102
Orazio Attanasio, Pinelopi K. Goldberg, Nina Pavcnik(2004) “ Trade reforms and wage inequality in Colombia”, Journal of Development Economics,Vol.74pp.331-366
Sachs, Jeffrey D. and Howard J. Shatz(1996)“US Trade with Developing Countries and Wage Inequality” ,American Economic Association Papers and Proceedings ,pp.234-24
Sebastien Breau and David L. Rigby(2010) “International trade and wage inequality in Canada” , Journal of Economic Geography, Vol.10 pp.55-86
Utsav Kumar and Prachi Mishra(2008) “Trade liberalization and wage inequality:evidence from india” , Review of Development Economics, Vol.12 pp.291-311
Wood, Adrian ( 1995) “How Trade Hurts Unskilled Workers”, Journal of Economic Perspectives 9, pp.57-80
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