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研究生:賴伯毅
研究生(外文):Bo-Yi Lai
論文名稱:合作學習使用網際網路:學習腳本在面對面網路合作探索的影響
論文名稱(外文):Collaborative Learning with World Wide Web:The Effect of Script on Face-to-Face Web Co-Discovery
指導教授:劉晨鐘劉晨鐘引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chen-Chung Liu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:網路學習科技研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:教育科技學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:81
中文關鍵詞:合作學習知識建構學習腳本
外文關鍵詞:Collaborative LearningKnowledge ConstructionCo
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Script是用來詳細定義小組成員在合作解決問題時,應該如何合作互動的行為準則,可當作鷹架功能運用在合作學習。本研究旨在要如何運用Script在合作式網路探索的活動之中,配合使用合作式網路探索系統,以幫助學習者釐清開放式問題的架構。如何透過Script的輔助,讓學習者使用系統進行網路合作探索時,能有更明確活動架構和更好的論證結果,將是本研究的重點。
本研究已開發一套合作式網路探索系統,希望能夠藉由網際網路的幫助,提供學習者一個不受時間限制與使用限制的開放空間,並且提供了貢獻資源、交換資源以及鏈結資源的功能。同時,將會記錄學習者解決問題,擴展知識地圖的歷程。藉由分析這些歷程來瞭解學習者探索網路資源的過程中,Script對於知識地圖發展的影響。
本研究發現Script在解決開放式問題的過程中有很大的影響。透過Script可使學習者在解決問題時注意議題背景資料的搜尋,使學習者提出更多的個人看法,且聚焦在議題的討論上,致使小組較易產生結論。除此之外,由於透過進行Script的活動,使學習者可以在活動初期發展完整的議題架構,並且發現小組在之後的論證過程時考慮的面向較廣泛。
Script is a set of instructions specifying how the group memebers should interact and collaborate to solve a problem,and it could be used as one kind of scarfolding in collaborative learning.This research is aimed at how to use Script in web co-discovery activities with the web co-discovery system to help learners to develop the discussion framework of open-issue questions. How to use Scripts to support learners using the system in web co-discovery activity to let the activities can have a clearer framework and better discussion will be the focus of this research.
We developed a system for web co-discovery activity. And we hope that learners can contribute, exchange, and link their resources or concepts without any limits in this system. System could record how learners solving their problem and expanding their knowledge map. By analyzing log data we could find the influence of Script in development process of knowledge map.
We found out Script has a great impact in the process of solving open-issue questions. Script could enable learners to focus on searching the information about background knowledge of the problem, and learners would provide more their comment. And Script let learners focus on discussion about issue so that they could make conclusions more easily. In addition, through the activities of Script learners could complete discussion framework in early phase of activities, so that group could consider wider in the following discussion.
摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
誌謝 III
目錄 IV
表目錄 VII
圖目錄 VIII
第1章 緒論 1
1-1 研究背景 1
1-2 研究動機 2
1-3 研究目標 3
1-4 研究問題 4
1-5 研究限制 4
1-6 論文架構 5
第2章 文獻探討 6
2-1 小組合作探索 6
2-2 SCRIPT 在合作學習上的意義 7
第3章 系統設計 8
3-1 設計理念 8
3-2 系統架構 9
3-3 軟體開發 9
3-4 軟體功能與系統畫面 10
3-4-1 系統畫面 10
3-4-2 軟體功能介紹 11
3-4-3 軟體功能對應 16
第4章 研究方法 18
4-1 研究對象 18
4-2 研究設計 19
4-3 研究時程 19
4-4 實驗教室環境 20
4-5 活動流程 21
4-6 研究工具 23
4-6-1 硬體設備 23
4-6-2 軟體環境 23
4-6-3 資料分析 23
第5章 實驗結果與討論 33
5-1 問題解決策略的討論 33
5-1-1 第一次實驗主題 33
5-1-2 第二次實驗主題 33
5-2 節點產生順序的討論 34
5-2-1 控制組 34
5-2-2 實驗組 38
5-2-3 小節總結 42
5-3 節點分類使用的討論 43
5-3-1 控制組 43
5-3-2 實驗組 45
5-3-3 小節總結 46
5-4 狀態轉移討論 47
5-4-1 控制組 47
5-4-2 實驗組 48
5-4-3 小節總結 49
第6章 結論與未來工作 51
6-1 結論 51
6-2 未來工作 52
參考文獻 53
附錄 實驗最後成果圖 57
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