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研究生:高婕寧
研究生(外文):Jie-ning Kao
論文名稱:外人直接投資、垂直相關市場與福利分析
指導教授:邱俊榮邱俊榮引用關係吳大任吳大任引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jiunn-rong ChiouDach-rahn Wu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:經濟學系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:60
中文關鍵詞:外人直接投資垂直相關市場中間財社會福利
外文關鍵詞:foreign direct investmentvertical related marketintermediate goodsocial welfare
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  本文主要考慮一個包含本國中間財廠商、最終財廠商及外國最終財廠商,且最終財市場位於本國的垂直相關市場模型。其中外國最終財廠商可能採取外人直接投資的方式進入本國市場。本文關心的是本國若存有中間財市場會如何影響外國廠商進入前後的本國社會福利變化。
本文發現,當本國存在中間財市場時,本國最終財廠商可能因外國廠商進入而受益,不過中間財廠商卻可能因此蒙受損失。其次,若上、下游市場結構越接近獨占,則外國廠商進入本國市場越可能提升本國社會福利,此一結果明顯有別於當本國僅存在最終財市場時之情況。最後,若上、下游市場的競爭越趨激烈,則本國不僅歡迎較具生產效率的外國廠商進入,也可能歡迎較無生產效率的外國廠商進入,此一結果亦與過去未考量中間財市場存在的相關文獻所得之結果明顯不同。

This paper considers a vertical-related model with domestic upstream firms, domestic downstream firms, and one foreign downstream firm. We want to investigate how entry of the foreign firm will affect the domestic social welfare if the foreign firm adopts FDI into the domestic final good market.
The three major findings of the paper are as follows: Firstly, when there is an intermediate good market in the domestic country, the foreign firm’s entry may be beneficial to the domestic downstream firm but harmful to the upstream firm. Secondly, if the upstream and downstream market structures are close to monopoly, then foreign firm’s entry may be beneficial to domestic social welfare. This result is quite different from the situation that there is no upstream market in the domestic country. Finally, if the upstream and downstream markets are more competitive, the domestic country welcomes not only the more efficient but also the less efficient foreign firm entry. This result is also quite different from the previous literatures that don’t take intermediate goods into consideration.


目錄
中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
誌謝 iii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 v
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機與目的 1
1.2 文獻回顧 3
1.3 論文架構 4
第二章 不存在中間財的外人直接投資 5
2.1 基本模型 5
2.2 社會福利分析 7
2.3 本章小結 14
第三章 存在中間財的外人直接投資 16
3.1 基本模型 16
3.2上游廠商一家、下游廠商多家 18
3.3上游廠商多家、下游廠商一家 35
3.4 本章小結 48
第四章 結論 50
參考文獻 51

Bjorvatn, K. and C. Eckel (2006), “Policy Competition for Foreign Direct Investment between Asymmetric Countries,” European Economic Review, 50, 1981-1907.

Das, S. (1987), “Externalities, and Technology Transfer Through MNCS, ” Journal of International Economics, 22, 171-182.

Fumagalli, C. (2003), “On the Welfare Effects of Competition for Foreign Direct Investment,” European Economic Review, 47, 963-983.

Ishikawa, J. and E. Horiuchi (2012), “Strategic Foreign Direct Investment in Vertically Related Markets,” The Economic Record, 88, 229-242.

Koizumi, T., and K. J. Kopecky, (1980) “Foreign Direct Investment, Technology Transfer and Domestic Employment Effects,” Journal of International Economics, 10, 1-20.

Markusen, J. R. and A. J. Venables (1999), “Foreign Direct Investment as a Catalyst
for Industrial Development,” European Economic Review, 43, 335-356.

Reis, A. B. (2001), “On the welfare Effects of Foreign Investment,” Journal of International Economics, 54, 441-427.

Shaksen, M. Y., and J. R. Sorensen, (2001), “Should Trade Unions Appreciate Foreign Direct Investment,” Journal of International Economics, 55, 379-390.

Valletti, T. M. (2003), “Input Price Discrimination with Downstream Cournot Competitors,” International Journal of Industrial Organization, 21, 969-988.

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