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研究生:蘇興國
研究生(外文):Su, Hsing-Kuo
論文名稱:應用分析層級程序法評選對外投資國之研究─加勒比海盆地六國之個案研究
論文名稱(外文):The Study on the Application of Analyti Hierarchy Proess to the Evaluation and Selection of Countries for Foreign Direct Imestment - A Case Study of Six Countries in the Caribbean Basin
指導教授:蔡信夫蔡信夫引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tsai, Hsin-Fu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:淡江大學
系所名稱:管理科學研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1986
畢業學年度:74
語文別:中文
論文頁數:145
中文關鍵詞:分析層級程序法投資計劃
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  分析層級程序法之最大功能在於使復雜的系統能化成簡明的要素層級系統,並匯集專家的意見評估作成「成偶評估」矩陣,解得該矩陣之特徵向量(代表各要素間相對重要性程度)、特徵值(藉以檢定專家一致性之強調),以供決策資訊之參考。
  本論文著重於藉分析層級程序法評選對外投資國之研究,以提供業者從事對外直接投資計畫能作更佳之決策。本研究中分別探討傳統之投資環境評估模式並指出其缺失,進而引介分析層級程序法,進行評估比較加勒比海盆地一巴拿馬等六國之投資環境。在研究過程中,並探討了對外直接投資應考慮之構面及變數。
  對巴拿馬等六國直接投資之投資國評選,經本研究發現:(一)應考慮之五個構面,以政治及社會構面之考慮為最重要。(二)各構面下最重要之變數分別是:(1)財務權面以收回投資年限為最重要;(2)生產及技術構面以原料可用性為最重要;(3)行銷構面以市場大小為最重要;(4)經濟及法律構面以通貨膨脹為最重要;(5)政治及社會構面以內部政治穩定性為最重要。(三)巴拿馬等六國之投資環境則以巴拿馬為最佳。


  The major function of Analytic Hierarchy process is to convert a complex system into a simple element hierarchy system and prepare a "Pairwise comparisons" matrix by collecting specialists' comments and evaluation. Then,solutions of that matrix, suchas eigenvector (indicatig the relative degrees of importance among every elenments) and eigenvalue (by which the extent of specialists' eonsistency can be examined), can be offered for reference in evaluating decision-making information.
  This thesis emphasizes the study on the application of analytic hierarchy process to the evaluation and selection of countries for Foreign Direct Investment so as to provide those who are engaging in FDI planning with useful information for better decision-making. In the study, the author first explores the conventional model lf investment climate evaluation and points out its flaws. Then,the Analytic Hierarchy process is introduced and used to evaluate and compare the investment climates of the six countries in the Caribbean Basin.Besides, the consideratinos and variaples that should pe studied for the Foreign Direct Investment are also discussed.
  In the evaluation and selection of six couneries in the Caribbean Basin for direct Investment, this study acquires the following findings:
  1.Ofthe five considerations that should be studied, the political and social consideration is the most important.
  2.The vital variables under each consideration are as follows:(1) The length of payback is the most important one in the financial consideration, (2)The raw materials availability is the most inportant variable in the productive and technical feasibility consideration, (3)The market size is the most important variable in the marketing consideration, (4)The inflation is the most important variable in the economic and legal considerations, (5)The internal political stability is the most important one in the political and social consideration.
  3.Among the investment climates of the above-said six countries, that of panama is the best.

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