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研究生:宋娉婷
研究生(外文):Sung, Ping-ting
論文名稱:劃定邊界,彼此守護的孤獨:德倪絲.雷弗朵芙的愛之圖誌
論文名稱(外文):MUTUAL BORDERING AND GUARDING OF SOLITUDES: The Map of Love in Denise Levertov's Poetry
指導教授:鍾玲鍾玲引用關係
指導教授(外文):Prof. Chung Ling
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1993
畢業學年度:81
語文別:英文
論文頁數:102
中文關鍵詞:人際關係女性自覺
外文關鍵詞:personal relationshipfemale self-discovery
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本文就德倪絲.雷弗朵芙(Denise Levertov) 的詩作,深入探討其所描繪之
人際關係,以及她在這些關係中,試圖自我定位的過程。仔細研讀雷弗朵芙
詩作,可發現這位女詩人心路歷程的軌跡,即她從一個家居婦女 成充滿自
我、智慧、獨立的女性。私人與公眾事物交互作用,形成了她內在與外在
的認知。和許多其他女作家一樣,雷氏亦因兼具詩人及女人身分而產生認
同危機。她的詩紀錄了人際互動中,對理想相處模式 求。詩人的自我意識
是在人際的親疏關係裡界定;她認為在親密關係裡,也應維持個人的獨立性
。雷氏對自我的認識,在此過程中有極大的改變。她也以詩展現了女性超
越自我,臻於卓然獨立的境界。本文共分五部分。概論中簡述了雷氏詩中
人際關係,及個人與公眾關係的主題意識。第一章討論在詩中她如何描述
自己擔任母親、女兒、及妹妹的角色。其中大多取材自親身經驗,詳盡切
實地表現一個女人的生活,和她如何建構自我的過程。第二章探索她對自
己身為妻子或情人的感受。婚姻生活和兩性關係的滄海桑田使她局覺悟,
唯有獨行自立,才是達到自我肯定的途徑。第三章審視雷氏由早期至晚近
市詩作中獨行自立的情懷,及中年以後詩作中表現的成熟自許。結論中,作
者陳述雷氏以自身經驗為典範,刻劃一個勇於面對顛撲,並因內省而自覺的
睿智女性詩人。

This thesis attempts to offer an in-depth study of Denise
Levertov's concept of personal relationship and the process in
which the poet strives to locate her self-identity. Poems from
Levertov's books are studied in detail to offer a pano- ramic
progress which shows how the poet is transformed from a woman
of domesticity to a woman of self-knowledge.Like many other
women writers, Levertov experiences an identity crisis that
comes from being a woman as well as an artist. The poems
examined in this study document the poet's quest for an ideal
mode of togetherness between intimate persons. The self is
defined through interpersonal affinity and distancing. This
thesis consists of five parts. The introduction is an overall
survey of Levertov's theme of personal relationships as well as
the relationship of the self to the public. Chapter One
examines the poet's roles as mother, daughter, and sister.
These poems show that configuration of self is constructed in
the interplays of closely linked persons. Chapter Two scans
how Levertov pictures herself as wife and lover. It is this
impasssioned relationship that dawns upon her that solitude
should be the sphere she completes her selfhood. Chapter Three
inspects the poet's early propensity for solitude and the later
determination of living solitarily within public spheres. In
the conclusion, I argue that though Levertov draws on the auto-
biographical, her poetry differentiates itself from the confes-
sional one. I think Levertov's poetry presents herself as a
woman journeying briskly on her pilgrimage. Though her process
of procuring self-discovery seems hard and long, she is capable
of introspection as she moves spirally to fulfill the quest.

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