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研究生:黃明通
研究生(外文):Rei-Chen Shen
論文名稱:玉山國家公園八通關越道之森林植群調查與分析
論文名稱(外文):Studies on the Vegetation of Patungkuan Lateral Trail in Yushan Nation Park
指導教授:歐辰雄、呂金誠
指導教授(外文):Chern-Hsiung Ou, King-Cherng Lu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:森林學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:林業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1994
畢業學年度:82
語文別:中文
論文頁數:142
中文關鍵詞:森林植群
外文關鍵詞:Forest Vegetation
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八通關越道位於玉山國家公園中間地帶,橫跨南投及花蓮兩縣境內,全
長115km,海拔由東埔之1,000m上至大水窟之3,200m,再下至卓麓的300m
,由於生育環境旳差異,蘊育出極為豐富之林相,包括闊葉林帶、針闊葉
混淆林帶、針葉林帶及亞高山灌叢帶等。本研究利用多樣區取樣法,調查
此道沿線77個樣區之植群組成與構造,以矩陣群團分析法、分布序列法分
析植群之變異特性,並與環境因子做相關測試,以明瞭各植群型在環境梯
度上之分化情形。本研究出現之植物種類共計363種,其中木本植物經矩
陣群團分析後可分為十六個植群型:(A)香楠-南投黃肉楠植群型(B)小花
鼠刺-阿里山千金榆植群型(C)細葉饅頭果-山肉桂植群型(D)山桐子-臺
灣紫珠植群型 (E)漸尖葉新木薑子-捲斗櫟植群型(F)臺灣胡桃-香楠植
群型(G)臺灣雅楠-大葉楠植群型(H)青剛櫟-栓皮櫟植群型(I)臺灣赤楊
植群型(J)狹葉高山櫟-紅檜植群型(K)臺灣二葉松-紅毛杜鵑植群型(L)
塔塔加高山櫟-夏皮楠植群型(M)鐵杉-鵝掌柴植群型(N)山肉桂-藤胡頹
子植群型(O)毛柱楊桐-薯豆植群型(P)冷杉-玉山小蘗植群型。本文除進
行植群分析外,並評選區內稀有及有滅絕危機之植物,及保育管理措施之
建議,以供玉山國家公園保育規劃參考。
The Patungkuan old passage is located in the heart of Yushan
National Park. This 115-kilometer old passage stretching across
Nantou Hsien and Hualien Hsien, with elevations from Tungpu,
1000m, ascending to Tashuiku, 3200m, and descending to Cholu,
300m. Due to the variety of habitats within Yushan National
Park, it products a very abundant flora, the area can be
distinguished to some forest zones, including the broad-leaved
forest zone, coniferous forest zone, mixed coniferous and broad-
leaved forest zone, and subalpine scrub zone,etc.. Seventy-
seven sample plots were sampled and applies Multiple plot
method to investigate the composition and structure of
vegetation along the passage, applies Matrix Cluster Analysis
(MCA) and Ordination method to analyze the variant
characteristics of vegetation, and makes correlation test with
environmental factors in order to realize the differentiation
of every vegetation type along the environmental gradient. 363
species of vascular plants were investigated and 16 vegetation
types are distinguished as follows: (A) Machilus zuihoensis-
Litsea acuminata type, (B) Itea parviflora var. parviflora-
Carpinus kawakamii type, (C) Glochidion rubrum-Cinnamomum
insularimontanum type, (D)Idesia polycarpa-Callicarpa formosana
type, (E)Neolitsea acuminatissima-Cyclobalanopsis pachyloma
type, (F)Julglans cathayensis-Machilus zuihoensis type, (G)
Phoebe formosana-Machilus kusanoi type, (H) Cyclobalanopsis
glauca -Quercus variabilis type, (I)Alnus japonica type, (J)
Cyclobalanopsis stenophylloides -Chamaecyparis formosensis
type, (K)Pinus taiwanensis -Rhododendron rubropilosum type, (L)
Quercus spinosa-Stranvaesia niitakayamensis type, (M)Tsuga
chinensis -Schefflera taiwaniana type, (N) Cinnamomum
insularimontanum -Elaeagnus glabra type, (O)Adinandra
lasiostyla -Elaeocarpus japonicus type, (P)Abies kawakamii
-Berberis morrisonensis type.
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