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研究生:鄭雅芬
研究生(外文):Yafen Cheng
論文名稱:豬放線桿菌胸膜肺炎多形細胞之定性
論文名稱(外文):Characterization of polymorphic cells in porcine Actinobacillus leuropneumonia
指導教授:陳三多
指導教授(外文):San-Duo Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:獸醫學系
學門:獸醫學門
學類:獸醫學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1994
畢業學年度:82
語文別:中文
論文頁數:127
中文關鍵詞:放線桿菌胸膜肺炎多形細胞巨噬細胞第二型肺泡上皮細胞
外文關鍵詞:Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniapolymorphic cellsmacrophage
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為瞭解豬放線桿菌胸膜肺炎多形細胞之來源及特性,本實驗以胸膜肺炎放
線桿菌接種無特異病原豬隻後,觀察接種細菌後第3、6、9、12、 15、18
、24及48小時,豬肺泡腔內細胞形態之變化,並與臨床病例相比較;同時
以酵素細胞化學染色及穿透式電子顯微鏡,鑑定這些多形細胞。此外,並
以敗血性巴氏桿菌接種無特異病原豬隻,觀察其肺泡腔內細胞形態之變化
,並與胸膜肺炎放線桿菌之病例相比較。實驗結果顯示,在感染胸膜肺炎
放線桿菌之初期,豬隻肺泡腔內以嗜中性球聚積為主,但感染24小時以後
,多形細胞便成為本病最顯著的細胞形態。而感染敗血性巴氏桿菌之豬隻
,肺泡腔內皆以嗜中性球浸潤為主。豬放線桿菌胸膜肺炎之多形細胞經酵
素細胞化學染色及穿透式電子顯微鏡鑑定後,證實來源不只一種,巨噬細
胞及第二型肺泡上皮細胞均有可能。

The polymorphic cells, are usually in the pneumonic lesions
of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae infected pigs.
Specific pathogen free pigs were inoculated intratracheally
with Actino- bacillus pleuropneumoniae, in order to understand
the origin and characteristics of these cells. The pigs were
sacrificed at 3, 6 , 9, 12, 15, 18, 24 and 48 hours after
inoculation. The cells in the alveolar spaces were observed
with light and electron micro- scopes, and analyzed with enzyme
cytochemistry. The differences of the cells in the alveolar
spaces induced by Actionbacillus pleuropneumoniae and
Pasterella multocida were also compared. The results indicated
that a lot of neutrophils were observed in the alveolar spaces
in the early stage after Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae
inoculation. Twenty four hours later, polymor- phic cells
appeared abundantly. Contrarily, the cells in the alveolar
spaces of pneumonic lesions induced by Pasteurella mul- tocida
were mainly neutrophils. By enzyme cytochemical and elec- tron
microscopic examination, the polymorphic cells were found
that these cells were derived from macrophages and type
Ⅱ alveolar epithelial cells.

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