(3.238.249.17) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/04/13 19:10
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:劉家驊
研究生(外文):Chia-Hwa Liu
論文名稱:由形狀特徵建立組件關聯模型之機械工件重建及可切削單元推導
論文名稱(外文):Automatic Form Feature Based Subpart Model Building for Part Reconstruction and Machinable Feature Generation
指導教授:陳稔陳稔引用關係
指導教授(外文):Zen Chen
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:資訊工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1994
畢業學年度:82
語文別:英文
論文頁數:101
中文關鍵詞:形狀特徵重建相鄰關係圖特徵擷取
外文關鍵詞:Form FeatureReconstructionAdjacency GraphFeature Extraction
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:59
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
本論文提出一套新方法,能夠自動地由一機械工件的二維電腦輔助設計資
料中辨認出該工件的形狀特徵,重建該三維實體,並進而擷取出該工件的
可切削單元資料。本論文分為兩個階段。首先,由一工件的二維工程圖中
自動地辨認出該工件的形狀特徵,將之記錄於形狀特徵相鄰關係圖中,用
來重建該三維實體;其次再由此相鄰關係圖中自動擷取出該工件的可切削
單元的特徵資料。此兩階段可以單獨應用,亦可結合成一個系統使用。三
維實體的重建包含三個主要步驟:(1)利用圖形分解方式來擷取二維電
輔助設計資料之工程圖的點與邊,(2)根據許多已發展的生產規則來辨
認形狀特徵,(3)利用平移掃掠及體積交集的操作決定相鄰關係中的基
底,(4)將形狀特徵之間相互空間關係建成一相鄰關係圖,並且據此重
建三維實體。  可切削單元的自動地擷取過程則是利用前階段之工件形
狀特徵相關係圖作為輸入,然後進行下列步驟:(1)先將方形素材與各
三視圖輪廓掃掠子塊進行體積交集的操作,擷取出可去除單元,(2)再
利用各突出形狀特徵外圍體積轉換其互補體積方式擷取此局部的可去除單
元,(3)辨認前述兩步驟中可去除單元間體積包含關係,擷取出實際工
件可去除單元組成,(4)利用可切削單元擷取演算法,擷取前述結果中
各類可切削單元。擷取所得的輸出資料有工件之可切削單元的順序與相關
幾何資料,及加工時可能的進刀方向。  本文利用許多例子來闡述主要
的程序,並對所提的方法進行模擬分析俾以驗證其應用於CAD/CAM
整合的可行性,論文中列有詳細模擬結果。
This dissertation is to develop a new method to automate the
form feature recognition, part reconstruction and machinable
form feature (MFF) extraction from a 2D CAD data. To be more
specific, the dissertation is organized as two phases. First, a
method is developed to recognize 3D form features from 2D CAD
data and to build form feature adjacency graph(FFAG) for 3D
part reconstruction. Second, a method for automatic extraction
of machinable form features from an FFAG model. These two
phases are designed in such a way that they can work
individually or jointly. The 3D part reconstruction process
consists of four main stages: (1) to use the divide-and-conquer
strategy to extract the vertex-edge data from each 2D
engineering drawing in the IGES format, (2) to develop a set of
production rules to facilitate form feature extraction, and (3)
to use a sweeping operation and a volumetric intersection
operation to get 3D part base, (4) to construct the form
feature adjacency graph from the recognized form features and
the part base; then reconstruct the 3D part according to the
spatial relations given in the FFAG model. The process of
machinable form features extraction uses the FFAG
representation as the input and involves the following steps:
(1) extract the removable volumes by the volumetric
intersection of a cuboid stock and the swept subparts of a set
of 3-view drawing contours, (2) substitute the local protrusion
by their bounding envelop volume minus complemented volumes,
(3) check the inclusion relationship to obtain the resultant
removable volume, and (4) classify the removable volumes into
varoous types of MFF using MFF extraction algorithm. The
attributes of extracted MFFs include related geometric datum,
sequences and possible tooling entrance directions, etc.
Detailed examples are included to illustrate the feasibility of
the proposed system. And the simulation results and discussions
are also reported.
COVER
TABLE OF CONTENTS
ABSTRACT(in Chinese)
ABSTRACT(in English)
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
LIST OF TABLES
LIST OF FIGURES
LIST OF SYMBOLS
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
1.1 Motivation of the Research
1.2 Overview of Proposed Approach
1.3 Major Contribution of the Disseration
1.4 Organization of the Dissertation
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Overview of Related Researches
2.2 CAD Modeling
2.2.1 Engineering Drawing Approach
2.2.2 3D Wireframe Approach
2.2.3 3D B-rep Approach
2.2.4 3D CSG Approcach
2.2.5 Other 3D Representation Aproaches
2.3 Reconstruction of 3D Solid Objects from 2D CAD Model
2.3.1 The Wireframe-Oriented Approach
2.3.2 The Volume-Oriented Approach
2.3.3 The Feature-Oriented Approach
2.3.3.1 HUman-Assisted Feature Recognition
2.3.3.2 Automatic Feature Recognition
2.3.3.3 Design By Features
2.4 CAD/CAPP/CAM Integration
2.4.1 Automatic Process Planning
2.4.2 Machinable Feature Extraction
2.4.2.1 Syntactic Pattern Recognition
2.4.2.2 State-Transition Diagram
2.4.2.3 Cell Decomposition Approach
2.4.2.4 The Logic Approach
2.4.2.5 The Graph-Based Approach
CHAPTER 3 AUTOMATIC FORMFEATURES RECOGNITION AND 3D PARK RECONSTRUCTION FROM 2D CAD DATA
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Entity Extraction and Labeling
3.2.1 2D Entities Extraction
3.2.2 Filtering of Primitives
3.2.3 Entity Labeling
3.3 Construction of Form Feature Adjacency Graph (FFAG)
3.3.1 2D Entity Pattern Recognition
3.3.2 3D Form Feature Matching
3.4 construction of Form Feature Adjacency Graph(FFAG)
3.4.1 Generation of 3D Part Base
3.4.2 FFAG Construction
3.4.3 3D Part Reconstruction
3.5 Illustration Examples and Discussion
CHAPTER 4 AUTOMATIC EXTRACTION OF MACHINABLE FORMFEATURES USING FFAG FEATURE MODEL
4.1 Overview of the Approach
4.2 Problem Formulation
4.3 The FFAG Representation and MFFs Generation
4.3.1 The Analysis of the FFAG
4.3.2 Machinable Form Feature Generation
4.3.3 Inclusion Relationship Check
4.3.4 MFFs Extraction
4.3.4.1 The Hierarchy of MFF Classification
4.3.4.2 The Extraction Process
4.4 Simulation Examples
CHAPTER 5 CONCLUSIONS
5.1 Summary for the Form Feature Based 3D Part Reconstruction
5.2 Summary for the Extraction of Machinable Form Features
5.3 Suggestions for Future Researches
REFERENCES
APPENDIX
Appendix A:The 3D Part Reconstruction Algorithm
Appendix B:The Type Classification Table of Machinable Form Features
Appendix C:The MFF Extraction Algorithm
VITA
PUBLICATIONS
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔