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研究生:王經軍
論文名稱:國防工業植基民間之研究-國防工業技術轉移與軍品委製民間之現況探討
論文名稱(外文):A Study Of Defense Industrial Transfer To Civilian-The Probe Of Current Defense Technology Transfer And The Entrust Of Military Product
指導教授:田墨忠田墨忠引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國防管理學院
系所名稱:資源管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1994
畢業學年度:82
語文別:中文
論文頁數:120
中文關鍵詞:李克五點尺度法變異數分析
外文關鍵詞:Likert Scaleone-way
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  在國防工業植基民間之研究中,經濟部於82年,對全國250大企業所作的問卷調查報告,其中民間反應造成國防工業無法深植民間的阻力來自軍方,故本研究主要在探討國防管理各階層對此問題的看法,以找出在國防工業植基於民間過程中,對技術轉移、軍品委製、實驗訂貨及衛星工廠其現況、未來發展、軍民相互配合之礙難處及解決之道。
  本研究以問卷方式,調查國軍所有後勤體系與國防工業植基於民間相關作業單位。所回收之問卷,針對管理變項三階層、四群及環境變項九大類,分別用次數分配法、李克五點尺度法(Likert Scale),及量度化法統計,再用變異數分析(one-way ANOVA)檢定各階層對九大類問題有無顯著差異,如有差異時,再用Scheffe事後比較法檢各群之間有無差異以求取一致性,及各階之間差異性。
  經問卷調查結果分析,目前國軍於國防工業植基民間作法上,確有許多亟待改進之處。本研究結論有1.(民間對軍方在作業上沒有深入了解)2.(廠商對技術轉移承接能力,長期性投資意願均偏低)3.(另有缺乏適當管道,惡性競標影響)等。同時軍方在現行作法上亦有心態保守,缺乏長程規劃,國際環境應變能力,現行體制不完善,法規僵化,管道不足,作業不週全等缺乏等項亟待改進,故本研究從政策面、組織面、作業面、法規面,來探討並找出解決之道,以期使軍民雙方能作更深入之溝通,達成共識。


  On a questionnaire of Defense Industry Fundamental Civilian reported by the Department of Economy in 1993 on Top 250 enterprises, which said the key traction resulting into Defense Industry Fundamental Civilian failed to be well-founded in the civilian comes from the military. From this point of view, thus, this investigation is to mainly inquiry into the viewpoint of the Defense Industry concerned administration in order to figure out difficulties and solution existed in the course of Defense Industry. Fundamental Civilian such as technology transfer, entrust of military product, trial manufacturing as well as branch factories future development, and the barrier of military-civilian cooperation.
  This investigation, by the way of questionnaire, focuses on all military reinforcement and concerned authorities of Defense Industry Fundamental Civilian, divided into management three-level-four-group environmental section, respectively first calculated by Frequency Distribution, Likert Scale Degree Test then being checked by ANOVA Test, if there is obvious difference between ranks and categories of questions. If there is, again we can re-test, by Scheffe's Scale Degree, difference details in order to come into coincidence.
  It is clearly analyzed, through this questionnaire, that nowadays methods of the military on Defense Industry Fundamental Civilian leave much to be desired. It ends with conclusion that the civilian failed to deeply understand what the military has done, that factories concerned has no interested in technological transfer as well as long term investigation and besides, lack the adequate communication which causes bad competition.
  Meanwhile, the military also seems to be too conservative in theory but lacks in action long-term and well-planned development as well as organization, and additionally, shortage of internationally environmental adaptation ability. Besides, some external causes need to be anxiously worked out such as lately constitutional incompleteness, law rigidity, communicatinal system shortage, oprocedure non severity. Therefore, this investigation is tried to inquiry into through policy, organization, procedure, and law then figure out the solution as to hopefully help the further communication between the military and civilian and finally reach to concerted consciousness.

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