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研究生:李隆基
研究生(外文):Li Long Ji
論文名稱:小學教室採光照明與學童近視現象之關係研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study of Relationships Between Myopic Phenomenon and Visual Environment for Elementary School
指導教授:周家鵬
指導教授(外文):Chou Chia Peng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:淡江大學
系所名稱:建築(工程)學系
學門:建築及都市規劃學門
學類:建築學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1994
畢業學年度:82
語文別:中文
論文頁數:135
中文關鍵詞:教室採光照明學童近視
外文關鍵詞:Visual and Luminance Environment for Elementary SchoolMyopia
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本論文之目的係針對近視比率高、低兩極化之小學班級,其教室的採光照
明環境,進行差異性的比較研究,以了解二者之間採光照明條件的差異性
,並且探究採光照明環境與學童近視現象之間的相關程度。在研究方法上
分為以下幾個階段:一、從一般小學學童的生活作息概況,探討在學校上
課與放學後的視覺環境中,可能影響視力的因素,並且根據過去相關文獻
的研究結果,提出本研究的調查因子及研究假設。 二、根據所提出的調
查因子,以實際教室量測及學童問卷調查的方式,建立初步的調查作業流
程,並進行試調作業。三、經過試調、作業修正及實測等步驟,將量測所
得之結果,分類建立各項因子數據,並提出整體的比較分析模式。四、針
對所建構的因子數據,進行比較分析。經過上述階段及比較分析的結果,
得到以下二點結論,而此結論與外界認為學童近視是教室採光照明不足所
造成的看法有所不同。一、研究中所調查的班級樣本,其近視比率高低現
象與教室採光照明條件之關聯性不夠充份。二、從相關性的分析上發現,
研究中所調查的採光照明因子與近視比率之間的相關性甚低,顯示此類並
非影響學童近視的主要原因。
This study is intend to compare the difference between the
highest and lowest rate of myopia of elementary school students
by their visual and luminance environment in the classroom.
Another object is to study the relative extent to which
elementary''s students'' myopia which affected by illumination
conditions of classroom. In studying method, the following
phases are divided: 1. Investigation the daily schedule of
the elementary school students, the visual environment during
school and after school will be evaluated to find out the
factors that could affect their vision. Investigation
factors and studying hypothesis will be proposed according
to related article and research reports. 2. According to
the proposed investibation factors,investi- gation will be
carried out employing the actual measurement of classrooms
illumination and questionnaire to establish the initial
operation procedures of investigation. 3. Following the
investigation, operational revisement and actual measurement,
data will be established based on the results of
measurement, then, an integrated comparison and analysis
model will be proposed. 4. Comparison and analysis will be
made via the established data of affected data. Two
conclusions are obtained from above comparison and analysis,
these conclusions stand in contradiction to the public that
considers that the myopia of elementary school students
was caused by the insufficient illumination condition in
their classrooms. 1. From the samples of investigation on
various classes, the relation between high and low rate of
myopia of elementary studens lies not in the visual
environment. 2. It was found out from correlation analysis
, the illumina- tion factor and the rate of myopia of
elementary school students are not closely related, thus,
indicating visual environment does not constitute the
cause of the high rate of myopia for elementary school students.
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