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研究生:葉淑娟
研究生(外文):Shu-chuan Yeh
論文名稱:中共海軍之發展與其戰略影響(1980-1993)
論文名稱(外文):The Development of China''s People Liberation Army''s Navy and its Strategic Influence(1980-1993)
指導教授:齊茂吉齊茂吉引用關係
指導教授(外文):Mao-chi Chi
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:淡江大學
系所名稱:國際事務與戰略研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:國際事務學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1994
畢業學年度:82
語文別:中文
論文頁數:246
中文關鍵詞:中共海軍發展戰略影響鄧小平大洋海軍
外文關鍵詞:PLANDevelopmentStrategic InfluenceDeng Xiao-pingBlue Water Navy
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:12
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本文主要研究一九七八年中共十一屆三中全會後,鄧小平掌權以來,中共
海軍的發展與其戰略的影響。本論文中所謂發展的涵義,包括海軍的現代
化建設,及中共國家戰略構想轉變後,海軍建軍路線的調整。八0年代以
來,鄧小平為解決經濟困境,除進行經濟體制的改革外,也推行對外開放
政策。且為加速現代化,放棄毛澤東時代「自力更生」政策,改採一套吸
引外資和技術的新政策。因此,中共逐漸從「內向型經濟」型態,轉向「
外向型經濟」型態。致使海軍改變以往沿岸防禦的角色,在國防現代化的
前提下,大舉擴展海軍建設,以確保海洋權益和促進經濟建設的穩定成長
。近年來中共積極擴張海軍力量,除了內部經濟因素外,在國際戰略環境
中也有兩項有利條件。一是蘇聯解體,而使中共面臨來自北方的威脅壓力
大減。從六0年代中俄兩共交惡以後,在長達一萬多公里的中蘇邊界上,
中共部署強大的武力,以對抗蘇聯的大軍壓境。因此,蘇聯解體後,中共
較能集中精力,發展海軍武力。二是與南海海域形勢有關,目前毗鄰的東
南亞各國因為此海域領土資源歸屬問題時生爭議。在俄羅斯無暇顧及亞太
事務之際,在加上美軍又撤離菲律賓蘇比克灣,中共若欲填補此一勢力真
空,並對南海海域擁有支配權,就必須建立一支具有遠洋作戰能力的海上
武力。冷戰結束後,世界情勢趨於和緩,加以美俄兩強國力衰退及其內部
經濟的不景氣。促使中共利用十年經改有成之際,趁機整建海軍,大肆擴
充遠洋戰力。這不僅關係中共海權之發展和經濟改革的成效,也影響亞太
區域的戰略形勢。而且在台海兩岸尚未解除敵對狀態時,很明顯的,中共
海軍的發展與其戰略影響,與我們的生存利益息息相關,吾人絕不可等閒
視之。
The thesis is a study on the development of China''s People
Liberation Army''s Navy(PLAN) and its strategic influence since
Deng Xiao-ping seized the power in 3rd Plenum of the 11th China
Communist Party Central Committee(CCPCC) in 1978. The
implication of the so-called "development" in this thesis
includes the modernization of China''s Navy and the adjustment
of its establishing approach since the national strategy has
been fundamentally hanged. Not far from 1980s has Deng been
seeking to solve the economic problem by reforming the economic
structure and executing the open policy. Recently China
aggresively expands the Navy power not only for its domestic
economic element, but also for two favorable conditions in the
international strategic environment. One is the collaspe of
the Soviet Union that relieves the threat from the north.
Since Communist China was at odds with the Soviet Union, it
deployed strong forces on the long border between both nations
against the Soviet intervention. Therefore, the collapse of
the Soviet Union avails China more energy to develop Navy. The
other is the sovereignity dispute of South China Sea that
brings the enmity among the Southeastern states. As Russia is
unavailable to be involved in Asian Pacific area and the U.S.
withdraws its forces from the Subic Bay of Philippine, if China
wants to fill the power vacuum and seeks the dominant position
in this area, it must establish naval power with sufficient
combat capability. As the Cold War ended, the international
environment became less and less intense. The U.S. and Russia
have degraded their power and deflated their domestic economy,
it gave Communist China an excellent chance to strengthen and
enlarge the sea power. It does matter the strategic
circumstance of Asian Pacific area. As the hostility of both
sides of Taiwan Strait has not been dismissed, the development
of Communist China''s Navy and its strategic influence matters
the survival interest of Taiwan that bears a
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