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研究生:林育菁
研究生(外文):Lin, Yu-Jing
論文名稱:Butylidenephthalide對抗清醒的正常老鼠因cromakalim引起的降壓及心悸反應
論文名稱(外文):Butylidenephthalide antagonizes cromakalim-induced depressor and tachycardiac responses in conscious normotensive rats
指導教授:柯文昌柯文昌引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ko, Wun-Chang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:台北醫學大學
系所名稱:醫學研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:醫學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1994
畢業學年度:82
語文別:中文
論文頁數:34
中文關鍵詞:降壓作用心悸反應對抗清醒
外文關鍵詞:DepressorTachycardiac responese
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  Cromakalim(BRL 34915)作用於血管是一種有別於胰島β-細胞上之ATP-敏感的鉀通道亞型開啟劑具都是一些屬於sulfonylurea的口服降血糖藥如tolbutamide及glibenclamide (GCB)等,其它就很少有報告。
  本研究以間接血壓測定法(cuff method)監測,發現川芎抗痙主成分butylidenephthalide (Bdph)30 mg/kg腹腔注射預投與清醒老鼠30分鐘,結果其作用類似4-aminopyridine (4-AP, 0.4 mg/kg, i.p.)及GBC (10 mg/kg, i.v.),能有意義地使cromakalim的對數齊量-降壓及心悸反應曲線向右移動,投藥組的半致效量有意義地比對照組大,但兩組間的最大降壓作用及心悸反應,統計上無意義差,因此對cromakalim有競爭性的對抗作用。這種對抗似乎很有選擇性,因Bdph(30 mg/kg i.p.)預投與30分鐘,不能有意義的影響prazosin (α1 adrenergic receptor antagonist)及clonidine (α2 adrenergic receptor agonist)對清醒老鼠的降壓及心跳反應,也不能有意義地影響Bay K 8644的升壓作用及心悸反應,然而nifedipine (1 mg/kg, i.v.)能有意義地抑制Bay K 8644 (0.03∼0.1 mg/kg, i.v.)的升壓作用,也能有意義地對抗Bay K 8644 (0.03∼0.3 mg/kg, i.v.)的心悸反應。
  綜合以上結果,Bdph (30 mg/kg, ivp.)類似4-AP (0.4 mg/kg, i.p.)及GBC (10 mg/kg, i.v.)是一種ATP一敏感的鉀通道亞型阻斷劑,能對抗cromakalim的降壓作用及心悸反應,當cromakalim投與前或不存在時,它們並不影響清醒正常老鼠之血壓及心跳,可能是因此種鉀通道亞型不開啟時,本身不具活性。


  Cromakalim (BRL 34915), is an opener of ATP-sensitive potassium channel subtype which has been reported to be distinct from that of pancreatic islet β-cells, has potent blood pressure lowering effect. Nowadays, few blockers have been repored, except the well known oral sulfonylurea antidiabetic agents, such as tolbutamide and glibenclamide (GBC) etc.
  An indirect cuff method was used to determine the systolic pressure and heart rate of conscious normotensive rats in this study. The intraperitoneal pretreatment of synthetic butylidemephthalide (Bdph), the most potent antispasmodic constituent found in the neutral oil of Ligusticum wallichii FRANCH., at a dose of 30 mg/kg for 30 min, similar to 4-aminopyridine (4-AP, 0.4 mg/kg, i.p.) and GBC (10 mg/kg, i.v.), significantly rightward shifted the log dose-depressor and -tachycardiac response curves of cromakalim. The median effective doses (ED50) of test group were significantly greater than those of control (vehicle) group. There was no significant difference between the maximal depressor responses of both two groups. So was the maximal tachycardiac reponses. Therefore, Bdph may competitively antagonize cromakalim. This antagonism appears so selective, because that the 30 min pretreatment of Bdph (30 mg/kg, i.p.) could not significantly affect the depressor and cardiac responses of prazosin (α1 adrenergic receptor antagonist) and clonidine (α2 adrenergic receptor agonist). It also could not significantly affect the pressor and tachycardiac responses of Bay K 8644. However, nifedipine (1 mg/kg, i.v.) could significantly inhibit the pressor effect of Bay K 8644 (0.03~0.1 mg/kg, i.v.) and the tachycardiac effect of Bay K 8644 (0.03~0.3 mg/kg, i.v.)
  The above results suggest that Bdph (30 mg/kg, i.p.), similar to 4-AP (0.4 mg/kg, i.p.) and GBC (10 mg/kg, i.v.), may be a blocker of ATP-sensitive potassium channel subtype, which could antagonize the depressor and tachycardiac responses antagonize the depressor and tachycardiac responses of cromakalim. However, in the abscence of or before administration of cromakalim, they did not affect the systolic pressure and heart rate, because they are inactive when the ATP-sensitive potassium channel is not opened.

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