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研究生:王秀貞
研究生(外文):Hsiu-chen Wang
論文名稱:漢語動詞組內數量詞的出現限制
論文名稱(外文):The Occurrence Restriction of Numeral-Measures in the Mandarin
指導教授:劉小梅劉小梅引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsiao-mei Liu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:輔仁大學
系所名稱:語言學系
學門:人文學門
學類:語言學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1995
畢業學年度:83
語文別:英文
論文頁數:104
中文關鍵詞:數量詞形容詞性數量詞副詞性數量詞語意互動共同出現
外文關鍵詞:N(umeral)-M(easure)adjectival N-Madverbial N-Msemantic -occurrence
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本文探討漢語動詞組內數量詞的出現限制,並應用模型理論中的實物領域
概念以及範疇語法中的合成原則來解說數量詞與名詞組、動詞組的語意互
動及句法變化。模型理論是範疇語法用以做語言分析及語意解說的工具;
模型理論中的實物領域,按自然語言所對應的人類生活世界,區分成事物
及事件兩大實體類別,前者為名詞或名詞組的指涉,後者為動詞或動詞組
的指涉,並且,前者與後者具平行的語法及語意架構:他們二者皆可做名
詞化的主詞及句子的述語,加之同為實物領域中的平行語意實體。範疇語
法中的合成原則,是用以解說語詞的語意形成的一種語言普遍原則。語詞
的語意,按合成原則,來自其合成成份的意義。由此推之,動詞組的語意
,是由動詞及受詞名詞組的合成語意而來。本文研究顯示漢語動詞內的數
量詞,或為名詞(組)的修飾語或為動詞(組)的修飾語,與其所修飾的
語法範疇具有語意上的相互影響,其使用因而受限於其間相互的語意衝突
。此外,動詞組內的數量詞,還極有可能與不為其所修飾的語法範疇產生
語意互動。因而,不同範疇間的語意互動由此產生。此外,此種交叉形的
語意互動,對動詞組中的數量詞,形成更多使用上的限制。
This paper studies the occurrence restriction of a N(umeral)- M(
easure) expression in the Mandarin verb phrase. The concept of
the domain E(ntity) in the model theory and the Principle of
compositionality in Categorial Grammar are applied to account
for the semantic interaction between N-M''s and both noun and
verb phrases as well as their syntactic variations. Model
theory is the tool used for language analysis and semantic
interpretation by Categorial Grammar. Based upon the human
living world corresponding to the natural language, the domain
E in the model theory is divided into two ontological types:
things and eventualities. The former refer to denotations of
nouns (or NP''s) and the latter refer to those of verbs (or VP''
s). Moreover, the former are parallel to the latter in both
syntactic and semantic structures: they both can be used as
nominal subjects and sentential predicates in addition to their
being parallel semantic ontologies in the domain E. The
Principle of Compositionality in Categorial Grammar is a
language universal rule used to account for the meaning
formation of linguistic expressions. The meaning of a
linguistic expres- sion, according to the Principle of
Compositionality, is derived from the meanings of its composed
components. The meaning of a VP, for example, is derived from
the composed meanings of the verb and the object NP. This study
shows that an N-M in the Mandarin VP, either a modifier of a
noun (phrase) or that of a verb (phrase), has a semantic
interaction with the syntactic category it modifies and its use
is therefore restricted by the mutual semantic conflict between
them. In addition, it probably has a semantic interaction with
the category that it does not modify. Therefore, semantic
interactions between different categories happen. Furthermore,
such crossed semantic interactions form more restrictions on
the use of the N-M in the VP.
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