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研究生:黃涵榆
研究生(外文):Huang, Han-yu
論文名稱:詮釋之競衡:《玫瑰之名》研究
論文名稱(外文):The Politics of Interpretation: A Study of 《The Name of the Rose》
指導教授:張上冠張上冠引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chang, Shang-kuan
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:英國語文學研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1995
畢業學年度:83
語文別:英文
論文頁數:94
中文關鍵詞:艾可詮釋權力符號文本互涉對話論
外文關鍵詞:Ecointerpretationpowersignintertextualitydialogism
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事實證明艾可(Umberto Eco)的小說《玫瑰之名》在學術界和大眾文化兩
個領域中都是一項極大的成就。小說不僅提供了感官上的享受,更充滿了
深奧的哲思。更由於艾可本人兼具小說家及符號學(semiotics)理論家的
雙重身份,使得小說在「詮釋」的議題上呈現出頗具理論深度的省思。本
論文將「詮釋」定義為一種帶有政治動機與意涵的行為(a politically
motivated act),不再接受「文本自成一體」(text-in- itself)的觀念
。所採取之立場是強調權力機構如何介入論述(discourse)之產生與傳遞
。然而本論文亦將由符號學之角度探討符號的本質和閱讀、表意(
signification)等問題。論文第一章分析小說中有關「異端」、「貧窮」
、以及「笑」等主題之論述,及其與權力抗爭之互動,亦即「權力∕論述
∕知識」(power/ discourse/knowledge)之結構。第二章分別討論埃索(
Adso)與威廉 (William)兩人解讀(reading/decoding)符號迷宮之行為。
第三章處理小說中「文本互涉」與「對話論」之觀念。第四章特別檢視作
者艾可在面對自己作品時的「發言位置」(enunciative position)。本論
文並未特別遵循任何一種理論之分析方法,目的在於將小說置於當代論述
形成之網絡,呈現其中相互輝映、相互批判之潛在關係。最終期望得以驗
證艾可的小說與其它當代理論同等「理論化」,並且重新檢視小說∕理論
之界限。

Umberto Eco's The Name of the Rose has been proved a great
success in both academies and popular culture. It is a novel
full of sensuous wonders and philosophical profundity. Owing
to Eco's unsual status--a popular novelist and a semiotic
theorist --The Name of the Rose (re)presents a thoughtful
contemplation on the issues of interpretation. This thesis
assesses "interpretation" as a politically motivated act.
Thus, the concept of the "text-in-itself" is rejected. Rather,
I take the stance the accentuates power institution's
interference with the production and the distribution of
discourses. But, this thesis also offers a semiotic survey on
the nature of sign and the process of reading and
signification. Chapter One focuses on the production of
discourses on heresy, poverty, and laughter in the novel and
its connection with power: in other words, the power/discourse/
knowledge structure. Chapter Two respectively discusses the
process of Adso's and William's reading/decoding the labyrinth
of signs. Chapter Three deals with the ideas of
"intertextuality" and "dialogism" presented by the novel.
Chapter Four specially examines Eco's enunciative position with
respect to the interpretations on his own text. This thesis
does not particularly favor any theoretical stance of
methodology. The purpose is to discuss the novel as part of
the network of the contemporary discourses. The tentative goal
of this study is to prove that Eco's novel is no less theorized
than other theories as such and finally to re- examine the
boundary between theory/novel.

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