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研究生:陳浪勇
論文名稱:國民小學教師辦公室之空間使用與規劃
指導教授:黃世孟黃世孟引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:教育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1995
畢業學年度:83
語文別:中文
論文頁數:279
中文關鍵詞:國民小學辦公室
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  本研究的主要目的是透過「用後評估」、「使用方式調查」的研究方法,探究國民小學辦公室與教師使用行為間的關係,經由對相關文獻的探討及運用行政資料調查、問卷調查、觀察、訪談等研究方法,對國民小學辦公室配置及配合教師使用行為的空間提供,提出辦公室空間規劃的分析,並就研究發現提出結論與建議。
  本研究發現國民小學辦公室的配置形態,仍以傳統的集中式辦公室為主,為求發現不同型態度辦公室空間使用的問題,本研究選擇五所學校做個案調查,研究結果說明如下:
  一、辦公室的配置型態的影響因素:
    國民小學設備標準、建築經費核撥方式、(教育行政)主事者觀念、校地面積與學校規模是主要的影響因素。
  二、辦公室空間使用現況:
    (一)班級教室因為空間有限,學生人數多,教師能使用的空間很小,不是理想的級任教師辦公空間。
    (二)目前國民小學辦公室是學校行政管理中心,各項教師會議、研習等活動在此舉行,同時也是都是教師工作、休憩、聯誼的主要空間。
    (三)、辦公室空間使用之現存問題:1.辦公室與教室的距離是影響教師使用的重要因素,集中式辦公室可及性低,教師使用不便;2.分辦公室設置時因為功能設計不同,(供行政使用或教師使用)教師的使用方式也不相同;3.教師希望辦公室增加休憩、提供生理必須活動空間、儲存物品、公務處理等機能,並增加休閒及辦公設備;4.教師希望增設學年辦公室、教師準備室等使用空間。
  三、辦公室空間規劃與提供之分析:
    (一)、學校行政管理空間之提供:辦公室為「學校行政管理空間」、「校內會議空間」、「教師研習空間」、「教師接見訪客空間」。
    (二)、教師工作空間之提供:辦公室是教師作「教學研究與準備的空間」、「學生之照顧與個別輔導的空間」、「披改作業與儲存物品的空間」。
    (三)、教師休憩、聯誼空間之提供:辦公室是教師在課間休息時間、科任課時間的休憩空間,應重視教師聯誼活動空間之規劃。
    (四)、教師生理必須活動空間之提供:教師之午餐、午休、飲、上廁所等問題應於規劃辦公室空間時妥善處理。
  四、研究建議
    (一)、對教育行政機關之建議:對有關國民小學辦公室之法令規章進行檢討、改變經費核撥方式。
    (二)、對國民小學學校行政的建議:配合學校規模及教師使用辦公室之習慣規劃辦公室配置方式,妥善運用空餘校舍及空間規劃教師辦公室,經費及資源的應用以滿足教師需求為優先。
    (三)、對進一步研究的建議是擴大研究的範圍,包括擴大研究地區和擴及其他的學校建築空間。
  The purpose of this thesis is to explore the relationship between school office and ways of teacher'' employment through such methods as post-occupancy-evaluation and investigation on occupancy style at elementary school. After the research on related topics, adminisitrative documents, and series questionare, observation, and interview, I hope to analyze the planning of school office at elementary school in terms of the arrangement of administrative center and teachers'' habit. It is also my aim to make some suggestion at the end of this thesis.
  Most of the elementary school arrange and employ school office in conventional way--administrative center in wicth all teaching staff work together. To understand the different use of teaching office, I choose five schools for case study in my research, and the following is the outcome of my study:
  1.Elements influencing the arrangement of school office
  Such elements as Equipment Standards at Elementary School, the ways of appropriation and payment for school building, the notion of educational administrator, campus, and the pattern of school are the main essentail elements.
  2.The status quo of using school office
    (1).Classroom is not the ideal sqace for teacher to deal with administrative affairs since there are too many students in a small room.
    (2).Currdnt school office is not only the center of administion but also the place in which teachers wrok, rest, and exchange information. It is also the place where all meeting and teaching activities take place.
    (3).Current problems in the using of school office are: (a)The distance between teaching office and classroom influences teachers'' clination to use school office; it causes great inconvenience for teachers to wowk in a centerred office. (b)The difference in designing sub-office for various function leads to different way of teachers'' employment. (c)Teachers hope that school office have enough room for rest, necessary physical action, storage,and handing administrative affairs. They expect more equipment for entertainment and more material for adminis-trative need. (d)Teachers also hope the establishment of grade office and teacher''s office and teacher''s preparatory room.
  3.Planning and analyzing the space of school office
    (1).providing space for administrative management:
Define school office as "sapce of administrative management","space for school meeting","space for teacher''s study",and'''' space for school teacher to receive visitor."
    (2).providing working space for teachers:
School office is"the space for research and teaching preparatory","the space for individual student''s guidance and garding", and "the space for strage and correcting students''assignment.
    (3).providing teachers with space for rest and entertainment:
School office is the place for teacher to rest at intermission or at leisure. The administrative authority should pay more attention to the planning of space for teacher'' intercourse.
(4).providing teachers with space for necessary physical action:
Such problems as the place for lunch and intermission, the supply-ing of water, and the location of toilet should be considered thoroughly while planning school office.
  4.Suggestions
    (1).to educational administrative authorty:
The administrative authority should examine current regulations and codes, codes, improve the way of appropriation.
(2).to the administration of elementary school:
School administrative staff should design the location of school office in accordance with the pattern of school and the habit of teachers, and make the best use of vacant building and office while planning teachers'' office. The employment of fund and resourses should satisfy teachers'' need first.
    (3)to further study:
Study on the situation of more area and other function of school building (such as specific classroom and library ) should be made.
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