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研究生:許心欣
研究生(外文):Hsin-Hsin Hsu
論文名稱:參與環境保護工作之民間團體主要幹部環境態度調查
論文名稱(外文):Environmental attitudes of key members in environment related non-governmental organizations
指導教授:周儒周儒引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ju Chou
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:環境教育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1995
畢業學年度:83
語文別:中文
論文頁數:135
中文關鍵詞:環境態度民間團體環境範型
外文關鍵詞:environmental attitudesnon-governmental organizationsenvironmental paradigm
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:55
  • 點閱點閱:416
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
國內近年參與環境保護工作的民間團體逐漸增加,不僅監督環境
公共政策,尚從事環境教育等推展工作,故角色與功能日益重要。由
於參與環境保護工作之民間團體成員所抱持之環境態度攸關該團體及
個人所影響的民眾對環境保護的態度與觀念,因此針對此類相當具有
影響力的對象加以調查研究,以瞭解這群環境保護與環境教育工作者
所抱持的態度及一些個人變項是否對其態度有所影響。
以問卷與Q分類(Q sort)方法為研究工具進行調查研究, 問卷內
容主要為環境議題,分為環境觀、時事議題與行動傾向三部分;另以
46張詞卡請調查對象根據其對環境保護的態度依同意程度及規定張數
分類,以瞭解受試者對環境保護的整體態度。採郵遞方式將研究資料
寄給186個參與環境保護工作之民間團體, 希由其中的一位主要幹部
協助資料的搜集工作。
調查結果顯示受試的民間團體人士對環境的整體態度相當積極,
深覺有參與、具使命感而且認真,但在能力與信心上相對較弱,且對
環保感到憂心且有挫折感。在環境議題態度問卷方面,大部分議題受
試者的態度相當正向而且積極,惟於部分較具爭議性議題態度較為分
歧,且因性別、年齡、教育程度、主修領域及在團體工作年數有所差
異,而接觸環境保護工作年數在各個議題上並無明顯差異。
在檢驗出達統計上明顯差異的題項中,女性較男性具有更為正面
的環境態度,年輕者比年長者態度更為積極、國中及以下教育程度者
與環境論者的看法有較大的差異,不同學科領域畢業者對於經濟發展
與環境品質的維護有相異的看法、在民間團體工作年數較長者對於生
態保育重於開發的觀念較弱。
此外在社會範型上,發現受試的民間團體人士之中,半數以上具
有新環境範型的態度,少數仍停留於人類特殊範型,保持科技萬能以
及環境品質的維護不應阻礙經濟的態度。
In recent years, the amount of non-governmental
organizations (NGOs) that participated environmental
protection, conservation and environmental education are
increasing in Taiwan, the Republic of China. The
environmental attitudes of these NGO''''s members may also
influence the general public. The purpose of the research is
first, to investigate these key members'''' attitudes toward
environmental issues and the environment, second, to
understand the influence of selected attribute variables on
environmental attitudes.
The research adopted Q sort technique and a
questionnaire in the survey. Purposive sampling method was
used for each of NGOs. A Q set contains 46 adjectives was
used. The Q sort were selected and translated from the Q set
which were originally developed by Chidwood in 1977. A
questionnaire with 29 questions was developed for the study.
A group of experts was used to validate the contents. Also a
pilot test was conducted on eight NGO. The content of the
questionnaire includes three aspects: environmental
paradigm, current environmental issues, and willingness for
action.
The survey results show that most of the research
subjects'''' environmental attitudes were quite positive and
active. They are involved, committed, concerned, serious and
supportive about environmental protection, but they lack
confidence in self-ability and knowledge, and some of them
felt worried and defeated. Variables investigated in the
research include sex, age, education degree, major and
environmental experience. These variables did not affect NGO
members'''' attitudes in most of environmental issues, but do
have made statistical significant difference in some
environmental issues.
Some major findings are: the environmental attitudes of
female and younger are more active than male''''s and elders'''';
the attitudes with regard to environmental management policy
related to air control fee, the group with lower education
level is less supportive than the respondents with higher
education; the members who works longer in NGO do not insist
on ecological conservation; respondents'''' major only
influenced the attitude of the choice between economic
development and environmental quality.
More than half of the respondents have a tendency to
support the ideas which related to new environmental
paradigm.
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