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研究生:胡衍南
研究生(外文):Hu, Yen-Nan
論文名稱:二拍的生產及其商品性格
論文名稱(外文):Creation Process and Commodity Characteristic of  Erh-pai
指導教授:施淑女施淑女引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shi, Shu-Nu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:淡江大學
系所名稱:中國文學研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:中國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1995
畢業學年度:83
語文別:中文
論文頁數:520
中文關鍵詞:二拍商品
外文關鍵詞:Erh-PaiCommodity
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:24
  • 點閱點閱:507
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:36
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
  就性質及功能而論,明代小說固然仍舊保有著過去作為「經史之輔」
的身份,但是它的娛樂性及新聞性在那個時代卻也特別突出,非但大異於
封建文人品玩詩詞書畫般的附庸風雅,且堪稱是中國首批市民階層之精神
寄託及感官饗宴。此外就形式而論,明代小說那種結構龐大的散文敘事作
品,限定它必須受制於作者以外的印刷技術及擁有此項技術的出版商人,
因而任何一部以「書」的面目呈現的小說,或多或少都被迫帶上商品的烙
印。所以,本文除了呼籲中國小說的「多義」事實必須加以清理, 藉由
西方的小說( novel )觀念將明代小說和前朝各式散文敘事作品作一劃
分,也是本文更為關切的課題。  論文題為「《二拍》的生產及其商品
性格」,便是為上述的企圖留下一個合理的討論口實。文藝「生產」固然
可以用舊有釋義解作精神「創造」,但是放在明代更宜從政治經濟學中的
「雇傭勞動」觀念加以深論。由此切入,除了能夠回答作品「小道」觀
念之所以殘餘,更可理解它作為商品所不能避免的消費性格。過去主題學
式的實證研究,由於忽略了小說形式及其生產過程,作品往往被視作另一
種高級的社會文件;至於另外頗為盛行的小說人物類型及性格研究,同樣
由於缺乏社會學的操作方法及中國社會史的基本認識,使得成果流於片面
化而喪失歷史意義。所以,從小說形式的創新入手,並且選取文學社會學
的研究方法,是這本論文得以形成價值的第一個條件。
During the Ming Dynasty, the novel creation continued to
maintain its old function as “assistance to the Chinese
classics.”However, with the extraordinary characteristics
of the era to entertain and to communicate with the public,
the Dynasty novels differed greatly from the work done by
the feudalistic men of l refined, elegant or sophisticated
Instead,they may be considered as the spriritual food of the
ordinary people. When speaking of its form, the considerable
pages of the Ming prose fiction was itself a limitation for
the printing technique the publishers at that time. Thus, any
novel that appeared in the of a "book" was more or less
labelled as a kind of "commodity." to clarify the many
delineations that have been used to define Hsiao-Shuo /novels,
this thesis seeks to use the Western literary of novel as a
genre to clearly distinguish the Ming Dynasty the prose fiction
written in the previous dynasties. As a result, although this
thesis focuses on the study of a Dynasty novel."Pai An Ching
Chi," the anthor''s attempt to call necessity o6f recognizing
novel as a literary genre is throughout the chapters. In
addintion, the author chooses to name thesis “Creation Process
ans Commodity Characteristics of because although a literary
work may be regarded as a product of creation, it is the more
appropriate to look at it as a result ?wage labor, ” a
nation adopted in the political economics.To point of view
may help explain why the ancient “Hsiaoas still more or less
remained in the Ming Dynasty novels. Moreover, it clarify why
the “ consumer product ” characteristics always accompanied
the novels.144
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