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研究生:郭中人
研究生(外文):Kuo, Chung-Ren
論文名稱:海外直接投資判定因素之研究─以台灣製造工業為例
論文名稱(外文):Determinants of Taiwanese Manufacting Industries Invest Directly Abroad
指導教授:盛慶王來楊維楨楊維楨引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yang, Wei-Jen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:淡江大學
系所名稱:國際企業學系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1995
畢業學年度:83
語文別:中文
論文頁數:106
外文關鍵詞:foreign direct investmentdeterminants
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:10
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  本文由主要由「供給面」的角度出發,並透過實證分析尋找臺灣製造業海外直接投資判定因素。將研究變數區分為「總體面因素」與「個體面因素」:總體面因素泛指衡量地主國總體環境特性的因素,個體面因素則包含產業層級及廠商層級因素,本文所希望達成的目的如下:
  1.影響臺灣製造業海外投資國家選擇的地主國總體環境因素為何?
  2.由產業與產業間(inter-industry)差異的角度進行分析,瞭解影響臺灣製造業海外投資的產業因素為何?
  3.在面臨相同的總體環境與產業環境之下,個別廠商的反應如何?目的在了解在相同的外環境下,影響廠商投資意願的廠商個體因素為何?
  本研究採用迴歸分析法進行實證。地主國總體環境因素及產業層級因素的實證資料是整合橫斷面及時間序列次級資料(pooled cross-section and tine-series data),觀察期是1987--93年;廠商部份則作1995 年橫斷面分析,實證資料根據問卷。
  實證結果如下:
  一、總體面因素
    (1)地主國市場規模及雙邊貿易金額與海外直接投資金額(FDI)之間呈現顯著的正相關。
    (2)地主國勞動成本及距離則與FDI之間呈現顯著的負相關。
  二、個體面因素
    1.產業因素
      (1)R&D 密集度與FDI呈現顯著正相關;產業集中度、技術密集度則不顯著。
      (2)產業成長率下降時,FDI將會增加。
      (3)員工實質薪資與FDI呈現顯著正相關。
      (4)FDI與當期國內投資並無明顯的互斥現象。
    2.廠商因素
      (1)廠商規模(營業額)大小不會影響對外投資意願。
      (2)獲利率高低不會影響對外投資意願。
      (3)廠商的產品外銷比例愈高,海外投資的意願就愈高。
      (4)廠齡愈大,海外投資意願愈強。
      (5)廠商的資本密集度大小並不會影響其對外投資意願。
  This paper studies what determinants of Taiwanese manufacting industries to invest directly abroad. The study start mainly from "supply section" and be based on an enpirical test to find it. The proxy variables have defferenticated between macroeconomic-theorectic and Microeconomic-theoretic Macroeconomic-theorectic factors judge the characteristics in the Macroeconomic enviroment of local country. Microecomonic-theorectoric include industry-related and firm-related. the article''s obuect is following.
  1.What is the factors of Macroeconomic enviroment in local country that could influence to invest abroad for manufacting industries?
  2.What is the influnece of manufacturing foregin investmewnt, we analyze form inter-industry   differences?
  3.What''s response of the individual firm in the same extra-enviroment? To reslize what do     influence firm''s investing desire.
  This paper adopts Regression Anysis Method to test. Both host countries and industry-related factors are pooled cross-section and time-series data, the period we observe during 1987-93. Reqarding firms, we analyze from cross-section in 1995, data is from questionnaire. The findings as following:
  1.Macroeconomic-theorectic factors:
  a.Empirical studies reveal a significant positive correlation between the market size of a country and the volue of outflowforeign direct investment (FDI), the trading amount is also.
  b.Enpirical studies reveal a significant negative correlation between host-country labor cost and FDI.  c.The geographical distance between host-country and home-country have a negative impact on the outflow of FDI.
  2.Microeconomic-theorectic factors:
  (1)industry-related factors:
    a.It is a significant positive correlation between R&D intensity and FDI, but CR4 and skill intensity are not.
    b.It''s a significant negative correlation between growth and FDI, but the salary is significant positive correlation.
    c.FDI don''t reduce the investment in home-country.
  (2)firm-related factors:
    a.Firm size (sales), net profit and capital intensity have no significant impact on firm''s becoming multinational.
    b.Thus, export ratio encourage firms to engage in FDI activities.
    c.The firm age is positively related to the probability of a firm being a foreign direct investor.
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