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研究生:鄭■絨
研究生(外文):Cheng, Hsiu-Rong
論文名稱:產褥期母親的關注與社會支持
論文名稱(外文):Maternal Concerns and Social Support During Postpartum
指導教授:陳彰惠陳彰惠引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chen Chung-Hey
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:高雄醫學院
系所名稱:護理學研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:護理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1996
畢業學年度:84
語文別:中文
論文頁數:87
中文關鍵詞:母親的關注產褥期社會支持
外文關鍵詞:maternal concernspostpartumsocial support
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:7
本研究旨在探討產褥期母親的關注,以及個人基本屬性、時間與社會
支持,對產褥 期母親關注之影響。研究樣本來自南部地區二所教學醫院
,分兩階段進行第一階段收案 對象為產後一至五天,第二階段收案對象
為滿月前後一週之個案,共收取樣本數為94名 。研究工具有基本資料、
母親關注量表與社會支持量表三部份。資料的統計與分析以皮 爾森積差
相關、項目分析、因素分析、t 檢定、卡方檢定、單因子變異數分析、單
因子 多變量變異數分析與逐步複迴歸分析來進行。

結果發現︰產褥期母親的關注涵蓋「親職角色」、「生活和社交」、「身
體」與「 情緒」等四大層面。以「親職角色」方面的關注程度最高,其
次為「身體方面」的關注 。

此外,研究的結果亦發現︰(1) 滿月前後「情緒方面」的關注程度顯著高
於產後初 期;「親職角色方面」、「生活和社交方面」、「身體方面」
的關注,在產後初期與滿 月前後並無顯著差異。(2) 產後初期與滿月前
後之社會支持程度並無顯著之差異。(3) 產後初期之社會支持程度會因
教育程度、現有子女數與餵奶方式之不同而有顯著差異。 (4) 滿月前後
之社會支持程度會因教育程度、胎次、懷孕形態與現有子女數之不同而有
顯著差異。(5) 產後初期母親的關注之重要預測因子為教育程度與餵奶方
式;教育程度 越低、哺餵母乳者,產後初期母親的關注程度越高。(6)
教育程度越低、哺餵母乳者, 產後初期「親職角色方面」、「身體方面
」及「情緒方面」的關注程度越高。(7) 非專 職工作或教育程度越低者
,產後初期「生活和社交方面」的關注程度越高。(8) 滿月前 後母親的
關注之重要預測因子為教育程度與工作狀態;教育程度越低與非專職工作
者, 滿月母親的關注程度越高。(9) 教育程度越低、社會支持程度越高
、初產婦或子女數越 少者,滿月前後「親職角色方面」的關注程度越高
。(10)非專職工作或教育程度越低者 ,滿月「生活和社交方面」的關注
程度越高。(11)非專職工作或教育程度越低者,滿月 前後「身體方面」
的關注程度越高。(12)非專職工作或教育程度較低與非媽媽幫忙坐月 子
者,滿月前後「情緒方面」的關注程度越高。(13)產後初期母親最常使用
之協助資源 依序為丈夫、媽媽與書籍小冊。(14)滿月母親最常使用之協
助資源依序為丈夫、媽媽與 婆婆。



The purpose of this study was to investigate the postpartum
maternal concerns and the effect of demographic variable,
time and social support on postpartum maternal concerns. Three
instruments were utilized to collect data: the Basic
Characteristics Inventory, the Maternal Concerns
Questionnaire, and the Interpersonal Support Evaluation List.
Pearson correlation, item analysis, factor analysis, t-
test, chi-square, One-Way ANOVA, One-Way MANOVA were used
to analyze data. In this study,
the main results were as follows. (1) The concept of
postpartum maternal concerns consists of "concern of maternal
role", "concern of social and life", "physical
concern", "emotional concern" four dimensions. (2) Postpartum
mothers most concerned the dimension of "maternal role".

The results of this study were also found in the following. (1)
The "emotional concern" during early postpartum was
significantly higher than one month postpartum. (2) The
Social support between early postpartum and one month
postpartum was no significantly different. (3) Perceived social
support during early postpartum were significantly associated
with educational level, the number of child and
feeding method. (4) Perceived social support during one
month postpartum were significantly associated with
educational level, para, status of pregnancy, and the numberof
child. (5) The educational level and feeding method were the
significantly predictors of the global maternal
concerns during early postpartum. (6) The educational level
and feeding method were the significantly predictors of the
"concern of maternal role", "physical concern", and "emotional
concern" during early postpartum. (7) Work status and
educational level were the significantly predictors of the
"concern of social and life" during early postpartum. (8)
Educational level and work status were the significantly
predictors of the global maternal concerns during one month
postpartum. (9) Educational level, social support, the number
of child and para were the significantly predictors of the
"concern of maternal role" during one month postpartum. (10)
Education level and work status were the significantly
predictors of "physical concern" and the "concern of social and
life" during one month postpartum. (11) Work status,
educational level and the helper of doing month were the
significantly predictors of "emotional concern" during one
month postpartum. (12) The most useful source of help was
husband.

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