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研究生:柯竺村
論文名稱:目標取向與外在獎賞對高工學生足球射十二碼之內在動機的影響
論文名稱(外文):The Effects of Goal Orientations and Extrinsic Rewards on Intrinsic Motivation of Soccer''''s Penalty Kick in Technical High School Students
指導教授:季力康季力康引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立體育學院
系所名稱:體育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1996
畢業學年度:84
語文別:中文
論文頁數:75
中文關鍵詞:目標取向高工學生
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:20
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  本研究的目的是在探討不同目標取向特質與外在獎賞方式對高工學生足球射十二碼之內在動機的影響。受試對象為六和高工上足球課的男生。本研究微得受試者同意後,在教室情境內填寫個人基本資料問卷和運動目標取向量表,從中選取42位「高工作/低自我」取向者和42位「高自我/低工作」取向者,共84位男同學(平均年齡16.1±0.25歲)進行足球「射十二碼」。實驗前將受試者隨機分配到預期獎賞組、非預期獎賞組、無獎賞組,每組各有14位受試者,每人輪流射五次十二碼,於實驗結束後請受試者填寫內在動機量表。根據所得的資料,以獨立樣本二因子變異數分析對內在動機量表總分、各分量表得分、射十二碼得分進行統計分析,本研究的結果如下顯示: 
  一、受試者目標取向特質和外在獎賞對內在動機有交互作用,在預期獎組和無獎賞組的「高工作/低自我」取向者內在動機皆高於「高自我/低工作」取向者,兩者在非預期獎組並沒有差異。在「高工作/低自我」取向者方面,非預期獎賞組的內在動機高於預期獎賞組;在「高自我/低工作」取向者方面,非預期獎賞組的內在動機高於無獎賞組和預期獎賞組,且無獎賞組又高於預期獎賞組。
  二、受試者目標取向特質和外在獎賞對內在動機之知覺能力、樂趣、壓力、努力有主要效果存在,「高工作/低自我」取向者比「高自我/低工作」取向者獲得較高的樂趣,並願意付出努力學習,且較無射十二碼的壓力;在非預期獎賞組的受試者比在預期獎賞組者有較高的知覺能力和樂趣,同時較沒有射十二碼壓力。
  從研究結果顯示,在探討運動參與內在動機上,個體的目標取向特質是影響內在動機變化的變項之一。過去的研究單純以認知評價理論來探討內在動機,有其不足之處,未來的研究應繼續朝結合其它不同的動機理論來探討內在動機。
  The purpose of the study was to combine goal orientation theory with cognitive evaluation theory to explore the effects of goal orientations and extrinsic rewards on intrinsic motivation, soccer''''s penalty kick. Subjects were 84 male technical school students who were high task / low ego oriented (n=42) and high ego / low task oriented (n=42) selected from 236 students participating in soccer class ( mean age = 16.1±.25 years ). Before the expriment, Subjects were randomly assigned to expected reward, un-expected reward, or no reward condition. Each condition was 14 subjects. The results were as follows:
  Firstly, goal orientations and extrinsic rewards had the interactional effects on subjects intrinsic motivation. Specifically, high task / low ego oriented students in expected and no reward condition reported greater intrinsic motivation than high ego / low task oriented ones, but there were no difference in un-expected reward. Besides, high task / low ego oriented students in un-expected reward reported greater intrinsic motivation than those in expected reward. However, high ego / low task oriented students in un-expected reward reported greater intrinsic motivation than those in no reward and expected reward. In addition, no reward also reported greater intrinsic motivation than expected reward.
  Secondly, goal orientations and extrinsic rewards had different effects on intrinsic motivation''''s perceived competence, enjoyment, pressure, and effort. High taskb / low ego oriented students reported more enjoyment, effort, and perceived less pressure than high ego / low task oriented subjects. during the penalty kick. In addition, subjects who were in un-expected reward reported higher perceived competence, more enjoyment, and less pressure than those in expected reward.
  In summary, previous research in the physical domain examined the antecedent factors on intrinsic motivation has shown inadequate. The results indicated that individual''''s goal orientation was a very important variable in intrinsic motivation. Future study to examine different motivation theory on intrinsic motivation is warranted.
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