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研究生:王維華
論文名稱:模糊理論應用於各類型科技園區發展評估模式之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study of Fuzzy Theory on a Development and Evaluation Model to Various Types of Science-Technology Parks
指導教授:田墨忠田墨忠引用關係許覺良許覺良引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國防管理學院
系所名稱:資源管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1996
畢業學年度:84
語文別:中文
論文頁數:100
中文關鍵詞:模糊理論科技園區發展評估模式
外文關鍵詞:Fuzzy theoryScience-technology parksDevelopment and evaluation model
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  近些年來,我國產業發展受到水電基本設施不足、工資上漲、土地取得不易、開發中國家興起及產業外移等不利因素的影響而飽受空前的壓力。為因應這些困難,政府及產、學、研各界應全力發展高科技工業,促進產業升級;其中明顯具有促進產業升級與區域發展功能的,即為各類型科技園區的設立。
  園區的設置,主要是創造良好的企業成長環境,以完善的設施和豐富的資源,吸引高科技及創新廠商進駐,共同使用園區設施,積極從事研發及高附加價值產品之生產。
  然而,科技類型園區發展設立之決策環境日趨複雜,必須於規劃評估階段使用一套客觀且合理的決策評估模式,以循序漸進的方式加以評估建立。因此本在考量人力資源、支援服務設施、土地供給、園區設施環境、生活寧適性及產業關聯性等六個層面下,嘗試建立一套園區發展設立模糊多準則決策模式,其中以專家評點法、模糊數及語意變數等方法,求算準則的模糊權重及各方案在準則的模糊績效值,得出不同方案的重要準則;最後以中科院若成立區為例,以模糊綜合評判方法進行適合發展園區類型排序之求算。
  本研究所進行的評估模式模擬操作,可求得各不同園區發展設立時需考量的重要因素;並可就前階段所得準則權重,以某地區為實證研究進行適合發展區類型之模糊綜合評判。這也顯示本研究建立之模式,可協助決策者在複雜與不確定性的模糊環境下進行決策。
  In the recent years, our nations'' industrial development has been suffered from the following negative factors: by lack of infrastructure supply in water and electric power, the rising of wages, the growing competition from developing countries and our enterprises moving overseas. For resolving these difficulties, government, industry, academy and R & D sectors should combine together to endeavor high-technology industry and promote the unification of technology and industry. Obviously, the most effective way of promoting industrial upgrading and regional development is to establish various types of Science-Technology Parks.
  The establishment of parks primarily is creating a good growth environment for business, providing flawless facilities and abundant resources to attract high-technology and innovation firms, jointly using these infrastructure, positively endeavoring R & D activities and the production of high added-value products.
  However, the decision circumstances to build science-technology parks are more and more complexity. It''s required to evaluate and establish it in proper sequences step by step with a set of objective and resonable decision making mode of evaluation at the planning and evaluation stage. Under the prerequisite of considering all the six levels of human resourccs, support service facilities, land affording, park''s infrastructure environment, living desirability and industrial relationship, this research has endeavored to establish a set of fuzzy multiple criteria decision making in which the rating weighting, fuzzy number and linguistic variable are used to derive the fuzzy weighting of every criteria and fuzzy performance value of every alternative under various criteria. Finally, we take Chung-Shan Institute of Science and Technology (CSIST ) as example, using fuzzy synthetic decision method to serve as basis for ranking the alternative in order to determine the suitable tyes of parks development.
  This research proceeds to the simulative operation of the evaluation mode and gains important factors in developing various types of parks. We can use criteria obtained in former steps and take one place as example using fuzzy synthetic decision proceed to empirical research finding proper style of parks in developing parks. Clearly, the evaluation model which built in this research could help decision maker undergo decision making under complexity and uncertain environment.
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