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研究生:黃鳳雀
研究生(外文):Hwang, Feng-Chen
論文名稱:國中家政科應用批判思考教學之實驗研究
論文名稱(外文):The Application of Critical Thinking Instruction in Home Economics at JUnior High School
指導教授:洪久賢洪久賢引用關係
指導教授(外文):Horng Jeou-Shyan
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:家政教育學系
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1996
畢業學年度:84
語文別:中文
論文頁數:2
中文關鍵詞:批判思考批判思考教學家政國中
外文關鍵詞:critical thinkingcritical thinking instructionhome economicsjunior high school
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:42
  • 點閱點閱:136
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:3
.tl,摘 要,~fkt75; 本研究旨在依據 Ennis批判思
考的理論架構,編寫十二單元的 批判思考教學活動設計,配
合國中家政科教學,來啟發、增進國中 學生批判思考能力。
經由十二週實驗教學活動,驗證家政科批判思 考教學活動設
計對國中學生批判思考能力之影響,作為日後國中推 廣批判
思考教學之參考。本研究樣本取自敦化國中一年級學生,共
計164 名,其中實驗組83名,控制組81名。以「康乃爾批判思考測
X 級」及「問題解決測驗」為評量工具,所得資料以單因子共變數
分析、t 考驗及皮爾遜積差相關進行統計處理,以考驗教學效果,
並探討批判思考測與學業成就的相關性。主要結果發現: 一
、家政科批判思考教學活動設計,對實驗組學生批判思考能力之
增進,有顯著效果。 經過十二週批判思考教學後,發現
實驗組學生在批判思考測驗 總分及歸納、演繹、考察訊
息的可信度,均顯著優於控制組; 唯在確認假設此分測
驗,發現實驗組與控制組無顯著差異。 二、家政科批判思考
教學活動設計,對實驗組學生問題解決能力之 增進,有
顯著效果。 經過十二週批判思考教學後,發現實驗組學
生在問題解決測驗 總分及解釋推論、猜測原因、逆向猜
測原因、預防問題等分測 驗得分,均顯著優於控制組。
唯在決定解決方法此分測驗,發 現實驗組與控制組無顯
著差異。 三、批判思考能力與學業成就表現,有顯著正相關
。 經過十二週批判思考教學後,發現實驗組的批判思考
分數與學 業成就的分數,有顯著正相關。
.tl,The Application of Critical Thinking Instruction,.tl,in Home
Economics at Junior High School,~fkt75; The
purpose of this study is to design a 12-unit teaching
program on critical thinking based on the theoretical
framework of Ennis critical thinking,to go with the teaching
of home economics at junior high schools , with the hope of
developing and enhancing students'' critical thinking ability.
The effects of the program of critical thinking teaching in
home economics on junior high school students'' critical
thinking abilities are evaluated after a 12-week experimental
teaching program , and then the results are suggested to
serve as references for promoting critical teaching at junior
high schools in the future. The subjects in this study,
totaling 164 students, were first-graders at Dwun Hwa junior
High School (Taipei), among which, 83 were grouped in
Experiment Team,and the rest 81, Controlling Team. Cornell
Critical Thinking Level X and Problem Solving Test are used
as testing tools. The results are analyzed through one-way
analysis of co-variance and processed statistically by
t-test and K.Pearson product-moment correlation to evaluate
the teaching effects as well as to explore the correlation
between critical thinking test and academic achievements.
The major results are as follows: 1.Critical
thinking teaching in home economics significantly
improves the critical thinking ability of students in the
Experiment Team. It is found that after the
12-week critical thinking Experiment, the
students in the Experiment Team are
significantly superior to those in the Controlling Team in
terms of total test scores on Critical Thinking Test ,
and the scores in the sub-tests on induction and deduction
abilities,and information credibility investigation.However,
no significant difference is found between the two on the
sub-test of hypothesis confirmation. 2.Critical
thinking teaching in home economics significantly
improves the problem solving ability of the students in the
Experiment Team. After the 12-week critical
thinking teaching Experment,the students in the
Experment Team are significantly superior to
those in the Controlling Team in terms of total test
scores on the problem Solving Test , and the sub-tests on
explaining inferences , determining causes, negative why
question and avoiding problems . However , no significant
difference is found between the two teams in terms of
determining solution. 3.A significant positive
correlation is found between critical thinking
ability and academic achievement. After the
12-week critical thinking teaching experiment,
significant correlation is found between the critical
thinking scores and the academic achievement scores of
the students in the Experiment Team. 4.For the
students in the Experiment Team, the differences
between on the Critical Thinking the pre-test and post-test
forthe critical thinking teaching experiment, evaluated by
t-test , reveal remarkable improvement shown in the total
scores and sub-tests scores of the low-score and medium-
score teams.However,for the high-score teams,the sub-test
scores reveal that only the information credibility
investigation ability improves significantly ; the
improvements in total scores , induction and deduction
abilities,and hypothesis confirmation are not remarkable.
5.For the students in the Experiment Team,the differences
between on Problem Solving the pre-test and post-test for
the critical thinking teaching experiment,eualuated by t
Test,showed significantly improvement in the total scores
and sub-test scores of the low-score , medium-score teams
, and high-score teams. It is suggested that
the above findings serve as references for the
application of home economics teaching at junior
high schools as well as further research in the
future. Ⅰ.Suggestions for home economics education
at junior high schools 1.set up
critical teaching centers for home economics
education at junior high schools; 2.provide teachers
of home economics at junior high schools with
opportunities to study critical thinking teaching;
3.include critical thinking teaching materials in new
curricula ; 4.home economics teachers at junior high
schools may adapt cooperative learning method to
carry out critical thinking teaching;
5.teachers using critical thinking teaching in home economics
should skillfully use the feed-back technique;
6.topics in everyday life are recommended in selecting teaching
materials for critical thinking teaching in home economics.
Ⅱ.Suggestions for future research 1.while carrying
out experimental teaching research on critical
teaching,the arrangement of the seating of students should
be based on the principle of developing students'' multi-way
communication; 2.Computer-Assisted Instruction may
be included when applying the experimental
teaching strategies of critical thinking; 3.the
homogeneity between materials and the testing tools
should be considered carefully in the study of experimental
teaching of critical thinking; 4.further studies
on the experimental teaching of critical thinking
at senior high schools should be carried out.
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