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研究生:陶玉璞
研究生(外文):Taur, Yuh-Pwu
論文名稱:謝學史論─試論歷史如何安頓謝靈運
論文名稱(外文):Historical Research On The Study of Hsieh Ling-yun Thyough The Ages─A Research On " How The History Positioned Hsieh Ling-yun "
指導教授:李正治李正治引用關係
指導教授(外文):Li Jeng-Jyi
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:淡江大學
系所名稱:中國文學系
學門:人文學門
學類:中國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1996
畢業學年度:84
語文別:中文
論文頁數:652
中文關鍵詞:謝學謝靈運歷史圖像偏見安頓學安頓思考研究法
外文關鍵詞:the study of Hsieh Ling-YunHsieh Ling-yunthe images of Hsieh Ling-yunprejudicethe study of the thought about positioningthe research method of the though about positioning
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:10
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
本論文主旨在探討「歷史如何安頓謝靈運」。 筆者認為,「人
是有限的個體」,因為「有限」,必然無法全面認識這個世界,終而每個
人的對這個世界的認識都存有「偏見」。雖然這些偏見有時影響不大,但
有時卻能攪亂整個價值體系,對當時、甚至對後世產生不可磨滅的影響。
至於造成偏見的主要因素,則多半構築於閱讀者對於閱讀對象的安頓方式
。「知其然」,不如「知其所以然」,故而本論文不僅要深究歷代文人閱
讀謝靈運詩文時的詮釋角度及接受程度,更希望積極地探索他們如何在自
己的價值體系中安頓謝靈運。 本論文共分六章。〈第一章‧緒論〉
除了導出論題外,並自行建構「安頓學」,以彰顯本論文研究謝靈運的切
入角度。其中,更特別提出「安頓思考研究法」作為本論文的方法依據。
〈第二章〉至〈第五章〉則以時間順序為中軸,以邏輯發展為輔助,對歷
代謝靈運形象進行一系列探討。其中,宋代乃是謝靈運歷史形象轉折點,
故而獨立成章,且論述尤詳。論述方式則秉持二大原則:⑴以原始史料進
行推論,以避免雜有當代研究之定見⑵不限定研究範疇,從文學、宗教
、史學、思想等各方面,進行廣泛的探討,以避免窄化謝靈運的完整形象
。〈第六章‧結論〉則綜述謝靈運形象轉變軌跡,並指出歷史的認知雖然
片面,對現今研究亦有相當助益,不但不容隨意抹殺,更應仔細體會,珍
惜這些自省的機會。大體而言,筆者認為謝靈運雖然於南朝文學上享有崇
高地位,但對其形象造成影響的主要因素,並不盡在其詩歌本身,而可能
在於宗教、政治方面,其處世態度亦有重大影響。倘要還給謝靈運文學本
來面目,我們尚須重新進行更細緻的論述,方有可能。 除了正文之
外,本論文另附有〈附錄〉三種。其中,附錄①為〈謝靈運佚詩輯補〉,
希望藉由輯補謝氏怢詩,為尚有闕漏之謝靈運詩文盡一份史料輯佚的心力
。附錄②為〈今存「謝靈運詩」編輯順序比較〉,則在借編輯順序顯示「
謝靈運詩」的編輯史。附錄③為〈謝靈運資料全編〉( 初稿 ),旨在將筆
者寫作論文期間輯整的資料提供給研究同好,以避免研究者於基礎工作上
造成時間精力的重複浪費。
The main point of my thesis is to research "how the history
poisitionedHsieh Ling-yun. I think that since "a human being
is limted", so he can never obtain anoverall understanding about
the world. And finally ,his understanding aboutthe wrold would
mex eith "prejudices". Sometimes such prejudiceds cause
omlyminor influences, but sometimes they can disturb the whole
value system andcause indelible influemces. As to the
principal factors which result ininfluences are mostly
constracted on how the readers positioned the objectsbeing read.
And we should "look into the external phenomena." Therefore,
mythesis will not only thoroughly research the interpretation
angle and accept-ancece degree of the literati through the ages
whem they read the works ofHsieh Ling-yun , but also positively
explore how the literatipositiond HsiehLing-yun inside their
value system. The thesis is divided into six chapters. 〈
Chapter Ⅰ.Introductory 〉introduces the issues discussed and
constructs " the research method of thethoughtabout positioning
" as the method foundation of the thesis. 〈ChapterⅡ 〉 to 〈
Chapter Ⅴ 〉 diachronically study the images of Hsieh Ling-
yunduring history with the support of logical development. In
history, the SungDynasty is the truning point of Hsieh''s images,
so it occupies a whole chap-ter and undergoes particularly
detailed discussion. The manner of the dis-cussion. The manner
of the discussion hold on to two principles : ⑴ Toavoid
mingling with the opinions of contemporary research , I infer
fromoriginal historical data. ⑵ To avoid narrowing the complete
images of HsiehLing-yun, my research is not confined to one
single category.On the contrary,the extensive research is
developed by ways of literaryreligion historyideology. 〈
Chapter Ⅵ.Conclusion〉 discusses the traces on which Hsieh
Ling-yun''s images change. It also indicates that the one-sided
historic knowledgecould still assist modern researchers.
Generally ,Ithink that although HsiehLing-yunowned a lofty rank
in the literary world of the South Dynasty , yetthe main factors
which influence his images are not only his poetry but
alsoreligion 、 politics and the way he conducted himself in his
life. So if wewant to restore the original looks of Hsieh Ling-
yun''s literature, we shouldproceed more exquisite discussion.
Thus our objective will just be attainable. Besides the main
tect, the thesis adds thrace appendices. Appendix ①〈The
anthology of the scattered poems of Hsieh Ling-yun 〉 hope to
offer mymentalityfor the yet imcomplete works of Hsieh Ling-yun
by way of gatheringand editting the scatterd poems of Hsieh
Ling-yun. Appendix ② 〈Comparingthe editorial orders of "
Poetry of Hsieh Ling-yun "how available〉 presentsthe editorial
history of " Poetry of Hsieh Ling-yun. " Appendix ③ 〈
Thecomplete data of Hsieh Ling-yun 〉 offers the data Igathered
during the writing period of the thesis to the other fellow
reseachers. thus the fellow reseachers could aboid waste of time
and energy when they are proceeding the foundation work of
research .
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