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研究生:張靜宜
研究生(外文):Chang, Ching-I
論文名稱:李賀詩之語言風格研究-從詞彙與句型結構分析
論文名稱(外文):The Study of Linguistic Style of Li-Heh''s Poetry
指導教授:竺家寧竺家寧引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chu Chia-Ning
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:淡江大學
系所名稱:中國文學系
學門:人文學門
學類:中國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1996
畢業學年度:84
語文別:中文
論文頁數:281
中文關鍵詞:李賀
外文關鍵詞:Li-Heh
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:17
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  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
李賀詩歌向以奇詭穠麗著稱,他愛用「鬼」、「泣」、「啼」、「死
」、「血」等字眼,製造奇詭陰森的氣氛;又慣用「紅」、「紫」、「青
」、「黃」、「綠」、「白」等顏色字,染成穠麗的色彩,使其詩中形成
自己特有的藝術風格,獨步於中唐詩壇,其餘風也開啟了晚唐唯美的詩風
。本論文欲以語言風格學的分析方法研究李賀如何驅遣、運用屬於他自己
的「詩的語言」,以求可以如實地呈現李賀詩的語言風格,是本論文的研
究動機。 本論文共分七章,首章先由緒論來說明本文研究領域、研究
對象及研究架構。其次,由於李賀的詩歌作品向以「穠麗奇詭」著稱,故
第二章裡,先探究李賀設色時的遣詞手法,與其揀詞造句時的特殊偏好,
以呈現李賀運用顏色字時的個人習慣;除了視覺美感的創造之外,詩人也
追求聲律美感的經營,除了講究詩歌平仄用韻之外,重疊詞的運用,也是
詩人借以增進音律和諧之美的重要手法。因此,本文在第三章中,研究重
疊詞的構詞形式及其詩中所擔任的語法功能。而詩中也藉著相同兩個「字
」或「詞」的重出,來營造詩中不同的音律效果,以及多樣的修辭現象。
故在第四章中,企圖透過詩人在重複遣詞的過程中,所呈現的修辭現象和
用詞模式。詩的語言不同於自然語言有約定俗成的規則,因此,第五章和
第六章則論述李賀如何跨越自然語言的常規,呈現他詩中「連貫句」和「
零句」的句型特色。最後一章乃綜合論述李賀詩的語言風格以及本論文的
研究意義。
Li-heh''s poetry is characteristic of luxuriance and
weirdness. He lovesusing the words such as "ghosts", "cry",
"weeping", "death" and "blood";moreover, he is fond of
employing "red", "purple", "blue", "yellow", "green" and
"white" which dye the poetry sith luxuriance.
Thesecharacteristics not only unniquely form an artistic
style of his own butalso make his poems be unequlled among the
late-Tang poetry. What is more isthat his styie even
unconvers the poetic style of "beauty only " inlate-Tang.
This thesis tries to apply the research method of
linguisticstylistics to the study of Li-heh''s poetry in order to
see how he exerts andemploys "the poetic language" of his own,
so that his linguistic style ofpoetry can be trully
presented. That is what the research motive of thethesis is.
This thesis is divided into seven chapters. The
firstchapter, Inntrodution,illustrates the research field,
research target,andresearch structure. Secondly,owing that
Li-heh''s poetry is best known as"luxuriance and weirdness
",it is his lexical choice in colour andpreference of
choosing vocabulary are examined in the second chapter,so
thathis personal habits in selecting colour words can be
divulged.Moreover,thepoet pursues the beauty of rhythm as
well as the creation of visualbeauty;he improves the
harmonious beauty of rhythm by not only paying greatattention
to the Ping-Tze rhyme but also exerting lexical repetition.In
thethird chapter, therefore, the lexical repetition is
studied in itsmorphological form as well as its grammatical
function in his poetry.In Li-heh''s poetry,the poet creates
various rhythmic effects and assorted aspectsof rhetoric
by the repetition of the same "words" or"
phrases".Accordingly,in the fourth chapter the research is made
to disclosethe rhetorical phenomena and lexical patterns
through the process of whatthe poet repeatedly employs the same
words and phrases.The poetic languageis different form the
norm of natural language.For that reason,it isdiscussed in
the fifth and sixth chapter of how Li-heh trespasses the normof
natural language in order to display "elliptical cohesion"("
Lian GuanJiu"in Chinese) and "incomplete sentence"("Ling
Jiu"in Chinese) which arethe sentence pattern features in Li-
heh''s poetry.Finally,the conclusion ismade in the last chapter
regarding the liguistic style of Li-heh''s poetryand the
teseatch meaning of the thesis.
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