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研究生:張森
研究生(外文):Johnson Sen Chang
論文名稱:勞倫斯<<兒子與情人>>中兒子的命運
論文名稱(外文):The Sons' Fates in D. H. Lawrence's Sons and Lovers
指導教授:卜萊士
指導教授(外文):Thomas Price
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:淡江大學
系所名稱:西洋語文研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1996
畢業學年度:84
語文別:英文
論文頁數:89
中文關鍵詞:命運母親因素先天性格
外文關鍵詞:fatemother factorcongenital character
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勞倫斯的<<兒子與情人>>中兒子們的悲劇,一般咸認為是由於母親對他們
過多的愛所造成。本篇論文試圖以細讀法來證明母親的愛對兒子們的命運
並不是最主要的因素。以長子威廉而言,他的死除了表面上的疾病因素之
外,其精神上的折磨被視為最重要的死因 ;然而,這種心理上的痛苦是他
和他的青人之間的問題所造成,而不是因為威廉對母親有著不可割捨的親
情。次子保羅似乎以喜劇收場,其實他在最後走向光明,並不意味著他已
完全走出母親的陰影 ;而他對母親不可救藥的依賴,並不能歸咎到母親身
上;他自己先天上的憂鬱性格才是主因,而即使如此,只有長子的部份違
背了作者的原始手稿,次子的部份仍然符合原作者的意圖。因此,本論文
把母親的因素排除在兒子們的命運之外,是有相當批評價值的。本篇幾個
重要的發現包括:一、保羅在嬰兒時期所展現的憂鬱性格才是促使母親對
他特別呵護的主因,而不是一般所認為母親對父親的愛的轉移;二、母親
實際上也沒有對保羅特別的照顧,因為她已把大部份的愛放在威廉身上;
三、主角保羅雖然意識到他對母親的依戀是他生活上最大的障礙,而且努
力使自己解脫,然而遇到生命危急的時候,他仍是本能地向母親求助。論
文最後並把這兩個兒子的性格和命運作一番比較。

This thesis aims to rectify the general understanding that the
mother (Mrs. Morel) is the culprit responsible for the sons'
dependence upon her, and to argue that she is not to blame for
the two sons' tragic fates. In terms of the first son William'
s death, besides the physical cause, the character's mental
problem is a matter between between Mrs. Morel and Lily.
The leading character Paul's (the second son) final turn toward
life is not a hopeful ending, but a temporary triumph of
reason; and his ingrained dependence upon his mother is due
primarily to his own congenital melancholy, not to Mrs. Morel's
lavish affection. However, the argument that the mother is not
to blame for the two sons' fates is in part a result of the
editor's reduction. In the Cambridge edition that includes all
the deleted passages, only William's tragedy proves to involve
the mother factor; on Paul's part, Mrs. Morel is still not the
main cause of his crippled spirit. Through a close-reading and
elaborate analysis of a few less noticed passages, some
significant findings necessary for serving as a corrective to
the dominant opinion, are put forth. The first chapter is
composed of three parts: Part I centers on the physical cause;
Part II utilizes Lawrence's thematic summary and raises three
questions to draw the conclusion that William is not
spiritually dependent upon Mrs. Morel; Part III is an
explication of the first son's independent character. In
Chapter Two, Paul's inherent character and the effect of Mrs.
Morel's affection, promised to Paul but not delivered, are the
most important points for discussion. In the Conclusion, a
comparison and contrast between the two brothers in terms of
character and fate is made. Although the novel normally
referred is a revised production by the editor, this thesis
attempts to demonstrate that it still presents a unique
portrait of the two sons.

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