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研究生:林經緯
研究生(外文):Lin, Ching-Wei
論文名稱:俄羅斯聯邦情報組織之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Intelligence Organization of the Russian Federation (1991-1995)
指導教授:明驥明驥引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chin-Hsen Lee
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:淡江大學
系所名稱:俄羅斯研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:區域研究學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1996
畢業學年度:84
語文別:中文
論文頁數:254
中文關鍵詞:國家安全委員會對外情報局情報總局俄羅斯聯邦聯邦安全局情報
外文關鍵詞:KGBSVRGRURussian FederationFSBintelligence
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
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本文係以「制度研究法」為主要研究方法,運用蒐集之俄羅斯聯邦相
關法律、國內外專家學者著作、前蘇聯投誠西方人士及重要官員回憶錄、
重要期刊論文及國內外報紙專論等資料,期以探討:

1.蘇聯解體後,俄羅斯聯邦情報組織變遷過程(1991-1995)

2.俄羅斯聯邦情報組織之結構、功能與角色。 3.俄羅斯聯邦情報組織指
揮、編制、人事及未來工作。 4.羅斯聯邦情報組織的監督
與制衡現況及其檢討。 經研究
發現:俄羅斯聯邦情報組織改革成效不彰,仍然延續前蘇聯國家安全委員
會絕大部份的集權功能,依舊是鞏固權力的屏障,當權者僅憑一己之私掌
控情報組織,卻無視於其違法的劣跡。由於情報組織首長一味倚仗與總統
的關係,國會與司法監督制衡功能有名無實,契卡份子依舊活躍如昔,未
來要提升其組織功能,惟有加強監督與制衡,杜絕不法濫權,方能使俄羅
斯情報組織運作能夠完全符合民主法治的規範。

After the USSR formarly dissolved, KGB and it's successers all
transfer to the Russian Federation. Based on the Institute
Approach,the procedure to studythe KGB's post-Soviet successors
in Russia focused on daily monitoring ofofficial and statements,
news accounts, and on-the-record interviews publishedin the
Soviet and Russian press, compilation and synthesis of reportage
andanalysis by western journalists and scholars. This study
analyzes how theintelligenceand security services were builded
and organized. The Focus of this study is as fellow:

1. The evolution of intelligence and security services of the
Russian Federation(1991-1995). 2. The
Russian new intelligence organization's structures,functions and
roles. 3. The Russian intelligence and
security services's authority, leaders and
rank-and-file officers, and their training and world view; and
their previous current, and potential activities.

4. The Russian intelligence organization's checks and balances
,particular attention is paid to the extent of civil
controls over the state security services, penetration of
the services into any civil control structures, and
attempts to deceive the public and international community about
the nature of the services and their accoun tability to
the public.

Results of the study found that the security and intelligence
services of the Russian Federation which were a pillar of the
president rule were not reformed during 1991-1995 and survived
with most of KGB's powers intact after the 1991 Soviet collapse,
and that instead of curbing their strength and potential for
abuse, the Russian government chose to harness them for its own
purposes. The study concludes that although the KGB has been re-
structured and re-named, it is still a formidable force with
most of its powers preserved,the Chekist still control the
Russia's intelligence organization. There is a dangerous absence
of legal and constituional controls on the intelligence and
security services. The Duma has been weakened to the point where
it can not exert meaningful oversight, while the president's
Security Councilis a purely decesion-making body.In practice, no
one individual can monitor and control such organization.
Instead, control of the intelligence and security services is
purely through the president's personal relationship with, and
authority over, them and his ability to play one against the
other.Chekist with little if any accountability to the public,
and with immense potential to prevent the full democratization
of Russia and its neighbors.Therefor credible checks and
balances against abuse, meaningful judicial redress of
grievances by individual citizens through screening or
"lustration" of all government officials, and comprehensive
overhaul and rigorous monitoring all aspects of the
security and intelligence services of Russia should be an top
priority.

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