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研究生:許書智
研究生(外文):Hsu, Shu-chih
論文名稱:美國對布爾什維克政權之干涉
論文名稱(外文):American Intervention in Russian Revolution:1917-1920
指導教授:戴萬欽戴萬欽引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tai, Wan-chin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:淡江大學
系所名稱:美國研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:區域研究學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1996
畢業學年度:84
語文別:中文
論文頁數:193
中文關鍵詞:美國布爾什維克干涉
外文關鍵詞:AmericanInterventionRussianRevolution
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一次大戰期間一再宣示其「十四點計劃」內的和平 民主、民族自決以及
不干涉等理念,但他最後在盟國及 M將領的內外干涉壓力下,於一九一
八年七月六日正式 x對俄的干涉行動。威爾遜公開地宣稱其主要的干涉目
的 b俄境的軍事物資與軍備、恢復西伯利亞鐵路的通暢、幫 P自治的能力
、以及幫助停留在俄境的捷克籍戰俘撤離。但事實上,威爾遜政府之干涉
動機、目的與角色則頗具爭議性。 z涉主義、不干涉主義以及美國干涉行
為之戰略與手 Q此一干涉行動之時代背景,分別由美國參加第一次世界
牯舅偕J政權之認知和俄國內戰及聯軍干涉等三方面來 A從美國與其他
國之干涉歧見、美國干涉之戰略與目的、 坐z涉角色等三方面來探討美國
在聯軍干涉行動中所扮演 z此干涉事件對俄共政策、對其後美蘇關係、對
美國干涉行為、以及對美國二次大戰前對日政策之影響。

Although President Woodrow Wilson repeatedly declared his peace
program in his "Fourteen Points", such as the ideas of peace,
democracy, self-determination and nonintervention, he finally
consented to join in the Allied military intervention in Russia
on July 6, 1918, owing to the increasing pressure from the
Allies and the officials and generals of the State Department.
Wilson publicly declared that his primary were to protect the
Allied war supplies and equipment in Russia, to keep the
movement of Trans-Siberian railway, to improve Russian ability
at self-defense and self-government, and to aid in the
evacuation of Czechoslovakian prisoners of war within Russia.
As a matter of fact, the motives, the objectives, and the role
of the intervention under the Wilson administration were very
controversial. The thesis would illustrate the theories of
nonintervention, and the strategies and means of American
intervention. Besides, the historical background for the
intervention is traced through three respects, i.e. American
participation in World War I, Wilson's recognitions of the
Bolshevik regime, and the Russian civil war and the Allied
intervention. Meanwhile, American role in the Allied
intervention is elaborated from three respects, i.e. discords
of the intervention between America and other countries,
American strategies and purposes of intervention, and the of
American intervention after World War I. At last, the impacts
the intervention had brought on the Bolsheviks' policies,
American-Russian relations, American intervention as well as
American policy to Japan before World War II are also discussed.

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