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研究生:蒙志成
研究生(外文):Meng, Chih-Cheng
論文名稱:論"肥料換穀制度"的施行與廢除--臺灣威權時期農業政策制定之個案研究
論文名稱(外文):On the Operation and Abolishment of the Rice-Fertilizer Barter System In Taiwan--A case Study of Agricultural Policy Making In An Authoritarian Regime
指導教授:黃紀黃紀引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chi Huang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:政治學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:政治學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1997
畢業學年度:85
語文別:中文
論文頁數:110
中文關鍵詞:肥料換穀威權體制政策終結農業政策統治菁英政策制定途徑
外文關鍵詞:Rice-Fertilizer Barter SystemAuthoritarian RegimePolicy TerminationAgricultural PolicyPolitical EliteProcess of Policy Making
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本研究主在研究分析"肥料換穀制度"之廢除,此一政策終結之議題,呈
現此一決策形 成之歷史圖像,反映當時決策層面的考慮,亦提供"肥料換穀
制度"研究的完整性. 本論文之章節組織共分為六章,其安排配
置如下: 第壹章為緒論.說明本文的研究背景 動機 目的 研究流程與使
用的研究方法. 第貳章為文獻探討與理論分析架構.在本
章中分別探討威權體制(Authoritarian Regime)下的決策制定模式, 政策
科學中的政策終結(Policy Termination)意涵,與臺灣農業發展策略中相
關農業政策制定過程(Process of Agricultural Policy Making);據此三
層理論面相的回顧,形成分析本文的理論架構,並且提出引導研究進行的研
究命題. 第參章為肥料換穀制度之建立與執行.本章
主在敘述"肥料換穀制度"(Rice-Fertilizer Barter System) 的形成 運
作 目的及實施效果;且一併討論臺灣民國五十年代所面臨的農業發展危
機,以及民間輿論要求廢除"肥料換穀制度"之主要理由.
第肆章為從臺灣農業發展策略看"肥料換穀制度"之廢除.本章主在呈現當
時學者專家和科技官僚們對"肥料換穀制度"此一臺灣重要農業政策的論辯
意見. 另,由本研究議題亦歸結出當時親農派人士與親工業派人士對臺灣
未來農業發展不同意見的討論. 第伍章為統治菁英的決策制
定.在威權體制下,決策制定的實質權是掌握在統治菁英的手上,而廢除"肥
料換穀制度" 的決定,也必然在當時的統治菁英對此一問題具有認知並因
著政治環境的變化而決定實施;本章針對當實在"全面改革" 此一口號下,
統治菁英的政權轉移,以及繼任者求變心理來探討本研究主題.最後,依據
整個研究結果,設計出一政策制定過程模型,以清楚解釋統治菁英在威權體
制下的政策制定過程. 第六章為結論.本章除針對本研究
主題做一整體性回顧外,另根據研究結果修正原先提出之理論架構與研究
命題.以一句話總結本研究:"肥料換穀制度"的廢除是基於統治菁英為求民
心支持 改革行政,以求新求變的改革形象鞏固權力繼承的一項政策作為.



The main idea of this research is to analyze the operation
and abolishment ofRice-Fertilizer Barter System. The Final
subject of this discussion presents ahistorical picture which
reflected the consideration of policy decision at that time, and
it also improve the completement of the research "Rice-
Fertilizer Barter System". There are six chapters in the
thesis. Here is the arrangement: The First Chapter is an
introduction of this thesis.Basically, it illustratesthe
background of this research, motivation, purpose, the process,
and themethods which were used for study. Chaper Two includes
literature review and the analytic organization of theory.In
this chapter, three main dimensions are discussed seperately as
the model ofpolicy-making under Authoritarian Regime, the
meanings of Policy Termination inpolicy science, and the process
of Agricultural Policy-Making which is relatedto the strategy of
agricultural development in Taiwan. According to the review of
those three theories, the thoery framwork is formed, and the
guide of this research is also brought up. The Third Chapter
talks about how to establish and execute "Rice-FertilizerBarter
System". This chapter mainly describes how the "Rice-Fertilizer
Barter System" is formed, how it works, the purpose and the
effect after implementing.Also, there is a discussion on the
crisis in Taiwan of agricultural developmentduring 1960's, and
the main reson why public opinions showed that the abolishment
of "Rice-Fertilizer Barter System" should be built up. Chapter
Four is the viewpoints that people judge the abolishment of
"Rice-Fertilizer Barter System" with the strategies of
agricultural development in Taiwan. This chpter presents how
scholars and bureaucrates debated this important agricultural
policy. Besides, through the topic of this research, itcame to a
conclusion that Agriculturians and Industrians had different
opinionsabout Taiwan's agricultural development in the future.
The Fifth Chapter expresses the governers' policy-making. Under
the Autoritarian Regime, the real power of making policy was
hold on governers. Surely, the governers were aware of the
problem and they made the decision to practice the abolishment
of "Rice-Fertilizer Barter System" with the changing of
political circumstances. The topic of this chapter forcus on
governers' transition of political power when the slogan
"Revolution in every way!" waspopular, and the followers' mind
of chasing variation. Eventually, a model of policy-making
process was designed, and it explained clearly the process
howgoverners make policy under the "Authoritarian Regime".
Chpter Six: Conclusion. this chpter is not only a whole review
of the reseach but also a revise of the theory framwork and of
the subject of research. To sum up, the abolishment of "Rice-
Fertilizer Barter System" was because of a policy which
governers wanted to get supports from people, innovated
administrationand strengthened power in the images of looking
for better change.

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