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研究生:楊來發
研究生(外文):Yang, Lai-Fa
論文名稱:花蓮縣藥用植物資源之調查研究
論文名稱(外文):Investigation and study on the medicinal plants in Hualien County
指導教授:謝文全謝文全引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsieh, Wen-Chuen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中國醫藥學院
系所名稱:中國藥學研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:藥學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1997
畢業學年度:85
語文別:中文
論文頁數:189
中文關鍵詞:花蓮縣藥用植物
外文關鍵詞:Hualien CountyMedicinal plants
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:4
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花蓮縣為台灣省最大的縣,東臨太平洋,西屏中央山脈,山谷交錯,地形
複雜,開發較晚,受到人為及自然保護,區內植物種類繁多,包括寒溫暖
熱、沿海等氣候帶植物群落,其中稀有或特殊珍貴藥材及具經濟價值者,
宜詳加調查採集以利資源開發。茲為瞭解花蓮縣各山岳,鄉鎮市藥用植物
分布及目前本縣野生及栽培品種,同時進行民間藥及健康保健食品之拓展
,對於民間藥或正統道地藥材誤用、混用情形,應予以釐清並糾正之,俾
便使用良藥,以確保國民健康。優良品種俾便研究大量繁殖供應市場之需
,或降低市價,因而提出本調查研究計劃。茲統計歸納各項研究成果如下
:1. 花蓮縣位於台灣東部,輪廓似臥蠶,東臨太平洋,西有中央山脈,
沿海復有海岸山脈縱走,而南連台東縣,西南鄰高雄縣及南投縣,西北鄰
台中縣及宜蘭縣;全部面積4628.5713平方公里,平原、河川各佔百分之
七及六,餘皆山岳達百分之八十七。形成西高東低之層疊地形之勢,地形
分別為山岳、台地、段丘、平原、河川、海岸,配合本縣之氣候、土壤等
因素,使其間植物林相之分佈豐富,致使海濱、平原性、丘陵性及高山藥
用植物資源十分充沛。2. 花蓮縣產藥用植物,經調查、採集計有木耳
等1130種,分別隸屬於9門、198科、739屬,依照Engler & Prantl
System自然分類法排列,簡述每種植物之中名、學名、本草出典、別名、
藥用部位、性味、毒性、功用及用量,以明示該植物之來源及效能。3.
花蓮縣產藥用植物收載於歷代諸家本草者,經考察統計有中國藥材木耳
等391品,分別隸屬於421種藥用植物。4. 花蓮縣產藥用植物垂直分布,
經調查統計:甲.自生種:一、海拔1500m以上計松蘿等78種。二、海
拔500∼1500m之間計皺蓋烏芝等362種。三、海拔500m以下計石蓴等367種
;乙.栽培種:一、山地計臺灣二葉松等48種。二、平地計木耳等265種
,由植物分布情形,可瞭解其生長環境和習性。5. 花蓮縣產有毒藥用植
物,經調查較明顯毒性者計鳳尾蕉等50種,瞭解有毒植物的毒性,可預防
中毒事件的發生。6. 花蓮縣民間驗方及用藥經調查蒐集,感謝王可德先
生等人提供之民間驗方及用藥,較有效者收錄於本論文者計49則,以資參
考。7. 花蓮縣原住民之傳統用藥,經調查蒐集得球蕨等49種藥用植物,
記錄其效用及用法於本論文,以資參考。8. 花蓮縣植物藥材名稱、價格
及銷售量經調查整理,計鐵牛入石等108種,以資參考。9. 花蓮縣海邊藥
用植物,經調查較常用者計林投等73種。10. 花蓮縣稀有藥用植物經調查
有赤箭等42種,宜保護或組織培養大量繁殖,以利育種。11. 花蓮縣藥用
植物中,其臨床應用療效優越者、值得開發者,經調查整理計石上柏等7
種。就其基原、別名、產地、形態、採集加工、效用等予以敘述。
Hualien County is the largest county in Taiwan. With pacific
Ocean to its east, and Central Mountain Zones to its west, mixed
with mountains and valleys, the topography is complex. The area
was not well developed. Due to the natural resources protection
policies, The area is full of plant species including flora from
tropical to the frigid zones. The rare and precious species and
those with economic potentials deserves further investigation.
The major findings of our investigation are listed below:1.
Hualien County is located in the eastern part of Taiwan. The
total area is 4628.5713 km2. Plain and river occupy seven and
six percent of the land respectively. The rest 87% are all
mountainous area. The geological zones include mountains, hills,
slope lands, plains, rivers and seashores. The area is full of
natural resources.2. According to the plant taxonomy of Engler &
Prantl System, there are 1130 species of medicinal plants belong
to 9 phyllums, 198 families and 739 genera growing in Hualien
County. Each medicinal plants was briefly described with Chinese
names, scientific names, origin of Pents''ao, distribution,
vernacular name, medicinal part used, properties and taste,
toxicity, function and medicinal application and dosage.3.
Among the medicinal plants surveyed in Hualien County, there are
391 crude drugs originated from 421 plant species recorded in
ancient Pents''ao.4. Distribution of the medicinal plants of
Hualien County are listed at full length according to altitude
range. For indigenous species, 78 species were found above1500m
altitude, 362 species were found in 500m - 1500m range and 367
species below 500m altitude. For cultivated species, 48 species
in mountainous area and 265 species in plain area.5. Fifty
poisonous medicinal plants were found in Hualien County.
Awareness of the potential toxicity of those poisonous plants
will avoid the accidents by misusing them.6. Special folk
medicinal formulas were also collected during our investigation.
Forty nine formulas which are more effective were reported .7.
The traditional herbs used by aboriginal tribes in Hualien
County were surveyed . Forty nine medicinal plant species were
found and the efficacy and use of those herbs were recorded in
this thesis 8. One hundred and eight crude drugs were found in
herbal stores. The name, price and quantities sold were
listed.9. There are 73 seashore medicinal plants found in
Hualien Country.10. In Hualien County, 42 species were
categorized as rare plants species which deserved protection or
propagation with tissue culture technique.11. We found seven
species with clinical efficacy and potential for development.
Each of them were described with description, origin, property
and taste, chemical components, pharmacological effects and
clinical applications.
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