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研究生:李信謀
研究生(外文):Lee, Shin-Mo
論文名稱:殺蟲劑在室內不同材質之揮發性研究
論文名稱(外文):Study on the volatility of insecticide on house using diffrent materials
指導教授:郭憲文郭憲文引用關係
指導教授(外文):H W Kuo
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中國醫藥學院
系所名稱:環境醫學研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:公共衛生學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1997
畢業學年度:85
語文別:中文
論文頁數:73
中文關鍵詞:安丹殺蟲劑材質
外文關鍵詞:propoxurresidualmaterials
相關次數:
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摘 要

近年來國人常使用農藥來防治病蟲害,除田園裡使用殺蟲劑外,常用於噴
灑在屋內,若使用者噴灑不當時,極易殘存在牆壁造成室內污染 (Indoor
pollution),模擬噴灑後空氣中及材質表面上安丹濃度在不同時間的變化
量及可能其沈降至現場石英磚材質表面上的量。其結果顯示,在濕度、溫
度、流速及不同材質等贖嵽b小時最高,分別為13.16及23.04μg/cm2 ,
但隨其時間增加而沉降量隨之遞減。

此結論可作為消費者在室內噴灑殺蟲劑時,除應考慮殺蟲之揮發性或殘存
性質外,亦建議民眾採取正確的噴灑方式,以減少殺蟲劑污染整個室內的
空氣品質。

ABSTRACT

A large number of insecticide, formulated into a variety of
mixtures, are usually stored in surface will of building prior
to their sale and use. Since pesticide vary in toxicity, the
presence of a complex mixture in airborne insecticide, could
cause a serious health hazards of have an airborne fumigant
toxicity that of ten extends a considerable distance from the
treated surface However, little information is available on the
surface wall of residue and concentration of the insecticide in
the air following application or on the extent to which envired
under a controlled condition of temperature humidity and
constant flow. A fixed area in wall of four materials will be
sprayed with constant concentration of propoxur which then
vaporized with a constant flow of air in experimental box,
Various walls and collecting mediad the determinants of
insecticide residue.

The result indicated the relative volatility of propoxur was
significantly explained by temperature, humidity and air flow in
four wall materials. Average percentages of relative volatility
for propoxur were ranged from 72.35% to 76.74%. In conditions of
regarding to lower humi.2 and11.97 μg/mL ,respectively.
Deposited on crystal wall was decrease based on time and showed
a peak concentration in half hour later. We concluded that a
correcting spraying for insecticide was provided to prevent from
residue on walls and to maintain good air quality.

Keywords: propoxur residual, wall materials



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