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研究生:楊詩弘
研究生(外文):YANG, SHIH-HUNG
論文名稱:板片式整體衛浴工程施工品管之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Research on the construction quality control of the panel- style unit bathroom
指導教授:黃斌黃斌引用關係
指導教授(外文):HUANG-BIN
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:建築(工程)學系
學門:建築及都市規劃學門
學類:建築學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1997
畢業學年度:85
語文別:中文
論文頁數:180
中文關鍵詞:板片式整體衛浴施工品管預製介面整體衛浴施工要領書整體衛浴施工作業圖
外文關鍵詞:panel-style unit bathroomconstruction quality controlprefabricationinterfaceunit bathroom construction planningunit bathroom shop drawing
相關次數:
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板片式整體衛浴工程施工品管之研究(摘要) 本論文以「施工品管」
作為研究主軸,主要原因在於:整體衛浴的工程特性使得其施工品質和周
邊介面條件具有相當大的關聯;另一方面,則是有鑑於國內半數廠商在通
過工廠生產線的ISO 9002認證之餘,意味著組件製造方面的品管活動逐漸
趨於穩定,但整體衛浴組件在工地安裝後與當初所設定的品質條件出現落
差的幅度,與現場的施工品管計畫有關。因此當廠商(製程管制者)面對
不同於工廠生產線的工地環境時,其為了維持施工品質而所作的管理、以
及現場發生的品質瑕疵問題,有待發掘及探討。 綜觀以上的說明,本
論文針對目前國內廠商全面推廣的「板片式整體衛浴」在建築工程中的施
工品管作業為研究主題,目的在於藉由文獻整理、訪談、施工現場勘察等
調查方法瞭解板片式整體衛浴工程施工品管問題的關鍵性要因,並藉由要
因分析後訂定具體的對策,以提供相關人士作為未來應用該項產品於建築
工程的參考依據。本論文主要研究內容分為以下部份:一、品管理論於板
片式整體衛浴工程之導入(一)從文獻整理中針對品管的定義與分類,整
理、分析建築工程的品管作業主 題、程序與檢驗模式。(二)以整
體衛浴工程施工作業程序與管理要點為主軸,整理、分析現有的文獻
及法規內容。(三)彙整(一)、(二)的結果,除嘗試將品管精神融入
整體衛浴工程中外, 並將其結果列出,作為往後現況調查的主題與
對策研擬的依據。二、板片式整體衛浴工程施工品管現況調查與分析(一
)從施工品質宣示時機、品質設計前後所準備的圖說、以及品管計畫的制
定 等三方面,調查、分析施工品管執行前置作業之現況。(二)將
施工品管執行作業分為「組裝技術管理」及「組件、成品管理」二項目,
調查、分析其施工中個案的現況。(三)根據施工品質瑕疵調查的結果,
依其出現時機的不同,分為「技術控制面」 及「保存維護面」等兩
種類,分析瑕疵產生的原因。(四)施工品管問題關鍵性要因探討:首先
針對施工品質瑕疵的部份進行現場四 要素(4M+1E,man、method
、machine、material、envirement)的問 題層別探討,而後將其
結果前饋至施工品管作業的部份,探討施工品管在前置作 業及現場
執行作業中的問題之關鍵性要因。三、板片式整體衛浴施工品管對策之研
擬(一)「組織面」的對策:釐清品管組織中的整體衛浴工程各關係人之
主要施工 品管責任,並提出工作權責劃分表。(二)「計畫面」的
對策:建立與施工品管有關的建築生產各階段之計畫內容, 提出施
工品質的宣示條件、施工品質設計項目與傳遞內容、廠商的施工品管計畫
(含施工要領書與施工作業圖)等。(三)「控制面」的對策:從廠商的
施工品管計畫中,建立現場組裝過程各項作 業的品管執行項目,以
品管表的方式明列檢核要項、執行標準、方法、責任流向、 介面關
係等事項。
This thesis is focus on construction quality control partly
because thecharacteristic of engineering caused it having huge
relation with the surrounding interface, and partly because
while more than half local manufactures having recognize ISO
9002 on the producing line, which also points out that the
qualitycontrol on components producing is going to be stable,
though there is a dropevaluation between the unit bathroom
installed and previously designed, caused by theconstruction
quality there. Then the manufacturer(the proceed controller) has
to From the description above, the main topic of this thesis
is the construction quality control in the constructing process
of the the panel-style unit, which were wellpromoted by the
manufacturers. The purpose is to gain the key points of
theconstruction quality control in the constructing process by
documents arranging,interviewing, and the surveying right on the
constructing place. Then make upconcrete solutions after
analyzing the main reasons, so as to have a conference for
thefuture development.The main research concept of this thesis
is as below:1. The introductory of using quality control in the
panel-style unit bathroom(1)After focusing on the meaning and
classification of the quality control from arranging the
documents, arrange, analyze the topic, process and checking
model of the quality control process of construction
engineering.(2)Have the construction working process and the
key points of managing as the axis, reorder, analyze the
contents from current documents, laws and regulations.(3)Sum
up the results of (1) and (2), try to have the quality control
in unit bathroom construction, and list out the result for
future topic of investigation and target planning.2.
Investigating and analyzing the quality control of panel-style
unit bathroom nowadays(1)From the announcing opportunity on
quality control, the prepared design before and after the
quality design, and the setting up on quality control planning,
investigate and analyze the former prepared work before carrying
out the quality control nowadays.(2)Have the construction
quality control process into two items, the forming
techniques management, and the assembly products or the finished
products management, so as to investigate and analyze the
case constructing nowadays.(3)Based on the result of the
defects on construction quality, then have it in two sorts
according to the occurring point , the controlling techniques
interface and the preserving interface, and analyze the
reasons for the defects produced.(4)Discussion of the key
points on the construction quality problems: First, focus on
the defects in the construction quality, discuss them in four
elements separately by their problems on site, then have the
results feed forward to the item, the construction quality
control process, there have the key points on construction
quality of the process in advance and that on site
discussed.3. Making up strategy for the constructing panel-style
unit bathroom(1)The strategy for the structure interface:
clarify the responsibility on the main constructing quality
control of each person in the quality control organization
related to the style unit bathroom , and have a working list
set.(2)The strategy for the planning interface: make up plans
for each section in the building construction that were
related to the construction quality control, hand out the
announcing conditions on the quality control, the items designed
for the construction quality control, and the contents
transferred, and the plan for the construction quality
control of the factory ( including the unit bathroom
construction planning and the unit bathroom shop drawing)
etc.(3)The strategy for the controlling interface: From the
construction quality control checking plan of the
manufacturers, make up items for the quality control on the
procedure of each assembly ways on site, using the checking list
to list the checking points, the working standard, the
responsibility belongings, and the relation of interfaces,
etc.
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