(34.204.186.91) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/04/19 15:53
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:高雅敏
研究生(外文):KAO, YA-MIN
論文名稱:台灣地區豬與軍犬鉤端螺旋體症的血清流行病學調查
論文名稱(外文):SEROLOGICAL SURVEY OF LEPTOSPIROSIS OF SWINE AND MILITARY GUARD DOGS IN TAIWIN AREA
指導教授:潘銘正潘銘正引用關係---
指導教授(外文):MING-JENG PAN
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:獸醫學系研究所
學門:獸醫學門
學類:獸醫學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1997
畢業學年度:85
語文別:中文
論文頁數:89
中文關鍵詞:鉤端螺旋體症流行病學調查
外文關鍵詞:LEPTOSPIROSISSEROSURVEY
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:12
  • 點閱點閱:703
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
為了瞭解目前台灣地區豬與軍犬鉤端螺旋體症的感染情形,於1996年12月至1997年2
月,自台灣地區宜蘭、花蓮、苗栗、台南、屏東等5個縣的6個一貫場,收集了659個豬血
清,及於1996年8月,自后里軍犬中心收集了88隻種犬與39隻複訓犬血清。血清樣本以顯
微凝集試驗(Microscopic Agglutination Test)進行鉤端螺旋體抗體力價之檢測,所選
用的抗原有Leptospira interrogans serovar bratislava、canicola、grippotyphosa、
icterohaemorrhagiae、kennewicki、autumnalis ,Leptospira borgpetersenii serova
r balcanica及Leptospira santarosai serovar shermani 8 個血清型,抗體力價大於或
等於50倍者,判定為陽性。結果顯示,在豬方面,6個一貫場皆為鉤端螺旋體之陽性場,
陽性血清抗體力價分布由50倍至25,600倍,總陽性率為76%。就感染的血清型來看,以sh
ermani血清型的感染情形最為嚴重,有高達74%的陽性率,而grippotyphosa的血清型陽
性率為0%,顯示6個採樣場均為此血清型的清淨場。在軍犬方面,種犬對疫苗血清型cani
cola及icterohaemorrhagiae的抗體陽性率分別為56%與74%,幾何平均抗體力價分別為125
倍及128倍。複訓犬對兩疫苗血清型的抗體陽性率分別為36%與59%,幾何平均抗體力價
則分別為105 倍與 113 倍。 至於其他非疫苗血清型的感染情形,至少被一個疫苗株以外
血清型感染的陽性率,在種犬與複訓犬分別為91%與79%。感染的血清型均以shermani血
清型的感染比例最高,分別有90%與75%的陽性率。而grippotyphosa血清型在種犬與複
訓犬,也均無抗體。因此可知目前台灣地區豬與軍犬感染鉤端螺旋體症的情形非常普遍,
主要的感染血清型為shermani。由於鉤端螺旋體症為一人畜共同傳染病,台灣地區豬隻與
軍犬如此高的感染率,無疑的提高了養豬從業人員與育犬官兵的職業危險性,因此鉤端螺
旋體症對人畜可能造成的影響不容忽視。
The serological survey was undertaken to realize the leptospiral infectio
n status of pigs and military guard dogs in Taiwan area. Six hundred and fifty
-nine pig serum samples were collected from 6 farrow-finish operations of 5 co
unties in Taiwan between December 1996 and February 1997. And 88 breeder and 3
9 re-training dog serum samples were collected from Ho-Li Military Guard Dog C
enter in August 1996. Serum samples were tested by Microscopic Agglutination T
est, using Leptospira interrogans serovar bratislava, canicola, grippotyphosa,
icterohaemorrhagiae, kennewicki, autumnalis, Leptospira borgpetersenii serova
r balcanica and Leptospira santarosai serovar shermani as antigens. Antibody t
iters ≧50x were considered positive. Four hundred and ninety-nine pigs had an
tibodies against at least one of the 8 serovars, titers were from 50x to 25,60
0x, and the general prevalence is 76%. As to the infected serovars, seropreval
ence is highest in serovar shermani, 74% pigs were infected by the serovar, an
dseroprevalence of serovar grippotyphosa is 0%. Seroprevalences of breeder dog
s to serovar canicola and icterohaemorrhagiae are 56% and 74%, geometric mean
titers are 125x and 128x respectively. Seroprevalences of re-training dogs to
the two vaccinal serovars are 36% and 59%, geometric mean titers are 105x and
113x respectively. Ninety-one percent and 79% of breeder and re-training dogs
are seropositive to at least one of the six non-vaccinal serovars, the predomi
nant serovar is shermani, 90% and 75% breeder and re-training dogs have been i
nfected by the serovar. According to the results, leptospirosis is prevalent
both in swine herds and military guard dogs in Taiwan, and the predominant ser
ovar is shermani. Since Leptospirosis is an important zoonosis, the occupation
al risks of piggery workers and dog breeder soldiers should no longer be disre
garded.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊
 
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔