跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(100.24.118.144) 您好!臺灣時間:2022/12/06 05:29
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:林季宜
研究生(外文):Lin, Chi-Yi
論文名稱:某高職補校商科女生吸菸意向之研究-理性行動理論之應用
論文名稱(外文):A Study on Smoking Intention of Female Students in A Vocational
指導教授:張 媚
指導教授(外文):Chang Mei
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:護理學系
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:護理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1997
畢業學年度:85
語文別:中文
論文頁數:129
中文關鍵詞:吸菸意向高職女生理性行動理論
外文關鍵詞:Smoking intentionfemale studentsthe theory of reasoned action
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:48
  • 點閱點閱:460
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:4
中文提要:

本研究以Ajzen和Fishbein的理性行動理論(the Theory of Reasoned
Action)為研究 架構,目的在探討高職女生的吸菸意向,並討論
應用理性行動理論於分析本研究對象吸菸意 向之適切性。

本研究以台北市某高職補校八十五學年度第二學期一、二、三年級全體商
科女生為母群 體,採取分層隨機集束抽樣方式抽出調查樣本349人
,實際施測人數310人,所完成的有效問 卷310份。研究工具主要
包含二份調查問卷,即開放式引導問卷、結構式問卷(正式問卷),
其中結構式問卷為研究者依據開放式引導問卷填答結果篩選出顯著信念編
擬而成。所得資料 以皮爾森積差相關、t 檢定、單因子變異數分
析、複迴歸及單因子多變項變異數分析中的 賀德臨T2等統計方
法進行統計分析。主要研究結果如下:

一、大多數的研究對象都曾經吸過菸,其中有60.0%的學生是吸菸者(包
括:曾經嘗試 過,現在偶爾還會吸菸、到目前為止還有
吸菸的習慣),而有38.7%是非吸菸者 (包括:過去經
常或偶爾吸菸,但現在不吸菸、曾經嘗試過幾次,但現在不吸菸、
從未吸過菸)。研究對象在未來兩個月內的吸菸意向,以有意向者佔最多
(49.4%), 其次是無意向者(36.8%)。

二、研究對象對吸菸的態度與主觀規範可以有效地解釋行為意向53.55%的
變異量。其中, 態度的相對重要性遠大於主觀規範。

三、態度與行為信念、結果評價的交乘積和呈顯著負相關;主觀規範與規
範信念、依從 動機的交乘積和呈顯著正相關。

四、有吸菸意向者與無吸菸意向者,在行為信念、結果評價、規範信念和
依從動機上有 整體性的差異存在。

五、本研究結果除了態度與行為信念、結果評價的交乘積和呈負相關與研
究假設不符外, 其餘研究結果均支持研究假設。此外,本
研究亦探討外在變項對吸菸意向的影響, 並分別從全體
研究樣本、吸菸組與非吸菸組三方面探討。

根據研究結果,提出數項有關反菸教育及未來研究方面的建議。

英文提要:

The purpose of this study was to predict and understand the
girls'' behavioral intention of cigarette smoking
in a senior high school on the basis of the Theory of
Reasoned Action.

The subjects were drawn by simple random and cluster sampling
from the girls in a private vocational high school in
Taipei City in 1996 academic year. The method adopted
in the study was questionnaire survey. Two types of self-
designed instruments were utilized: open-ended elicitation
questionnaire and close-format questionnaire . The total
number of valid questionnaires was 310. The data were
analyzed by Pearson''s product-moment correlation, t-test, One-
way ANOVA, multiple regression and Hotelling''s T2
test. The major results were as follows: 1.The majority
of the subjects (60.0%) were smokers (include regular ,
occcasional smokers), while 38.7% of the subjects were ex-
smokers, experimental and non-smokers .
Almost 50% of the subjects had the behavioral
intention of cigarette smoking during two months in future.
2.Attitudes and subjective norms could effectively explain
53.55% of the variation of smoking intention.
The impact of attitudes on smoking intention is more
important than the impact of subjective norms.

3.The attitude was found to be significantly negative correlated
with the sum of product with behavior beliefs and
evaluation. And the subjective norm was found to
be significantly positive correlated with the sum of
product with normative beliefs and motivation to comply.
4.There were systematic difference among behavior beliefs,
evaluation, normative beliefs and motivation
to comply between two type(yes and no) smoking
intention groups.

5.The research hypothesis were supported by the study findings.
One exception was that attitude was found to be
negatively correlated with the sum of product
with behavior beliefs and evaluation. In addition, the
researcher also discussed the relationship between
external variables and smoking intention in all
samples, smoking group and non-smoking group.
Based on the findings of this study, several recommendations
have been submitted with regard to anti-smoking
education and further researches.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊