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研究生:陳明堯
研究生(外文):CHEN, MING-YAO
論文名稱:設計圖面自動索引系統研究
論文名稱(外文):Managing Construction Drawing!Documents with an Automatic Index System
指導教授:施乃中施乃中引用關係
指導教授(外文):SHIN,NAAI-JUNG
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立台灣工業技術學院
系所名稱:工程技術研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:綜合工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1997
畢業學年度:85
語文別:中文
論文頁數:128
中文關鍵詞:規劃設計索引系統電腦輔助設計
外文關鍵詞:design automationindex systemcomputer-aided design
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本研究擬建立規劃設計自動化過程中,原圖與被索引圖(如大樣圖)間的自
動索引系統。圖紙即指一般繪圖用之圖紙,如以繪圖軟體繪製圖面而言,
為最後符合出圖規格之編組後圖面,故實為一圖檔資訊架構。原圖索引標
示之表示,最常見如一分隔圓圈中2 / A3-5便是原圖標示符號之一例,平
面圖、立面圖、剖面圖等均可能為原圖。大樣圖與細部圖常是被索引之圖
。單一原圖與被索引圖間呈現一對一、一對多之關係,即原圖中被圈選之
單一標示與被索引圖呈一對一之關係;或可能存在數個原圖中之單一標示
與被索引圖呈多對一之關係,亦即一細部圖被使用於多處之情形。故原圖
與細部圖群經常呈現一對一、一對多、多對一及多對多之複雜關係索引關
係所串連之圖面在設計過程中,往往因不斷修正而改變圖面 位置、內容
、編碼對應圖面( 細部圖)不僅索引錯亂之事經常發生,且常有遺漏欲修
正圖面情形,尤其在圖紙數量增加時尤其顯著。設計單位經常耗時耗力以
整理、檢核圖面內容,甚或將未發現問題留至施工現場解決,造成極大不
便之問題。圖面及對應細部大樣雙向索引編碼系統之建立,主要在串連不
同表達媒介(圖紙)中,界定區域內被表達物(如一大樣圖)與物間之索
引關係。研究內容包括四部份:圖庫索引模組、圖面標示模組、圖位編碼
模組、及圖面索引模組。現分別說明如下:(一)圖庫索引模組:如大樣圖
出處來自圖庫,則僅須在原圖中標示大樣圖在圖庫中之編碼,則後續圖紙
中之大樣圖的編碼及繪製,均可自動產生。(二)圖面標示模組:標示系統
為進行索引出處之標示,方法為將原圖中欲繪大樣圖部位欲以圈選,以便
註記大樣圖圖位代碼。當原圖面移動時,標示符號內容亦隨之移動。(三)
圖位編碼模組:本系統將圖面均分為網格狀,依照所繪圖面範圍標注索引
碼,編碼順序由左而右、由上而下。如因格子大小問題,最多再分四區,
以英文字母比照數字排列順序編碼。依標示系統命名結果,圖與圖間不致
產生重複代碼。圖面大小不同者亦可置於同一張圖紙中”並有其代碼。(
四)圖面索引模組:索引系統更新原圖中標示與大樣圖間對應關係。當原
圖被標示大樣圖被置於某一圖紙(檔)中時,則圖紙編號及圖位可立即自
動產生,編碼更改時,原圖標示亦隨之更新。當一大樣圖被刪除時,分布
於其它所有大樣圖中的對應大樣標示符號亦一併刪除。自動索引系統使自
動索引過程簡易化,且適用於管理大量繪圖資料。

This research studies automatic index system for managing
construction documents. A drawing is usually part of the
contents of an output ready sheet of A drawing can be a plan, an
elevation, or a section.The relationbetween a drawing labeled
details could be one-to-one o one-to-many .A detailcan be
referred by labels many drawings , therefore, therelation
betweena group of drawings and details can one-to-one ,one-to-
many , many-to-one,or as complicate as many-to-many.Drawing
docum-ents used to be preparedby artificially composing a
drawing labeled de-tails in the same or separatesheets of paper.
Normally,the number drawing may reach hundreds or thousands,when
a design project has very contents or is in a large scale.
Therelationship between a drawing and related may cross many
sheets.Thecross-reference of design information becomes
complicate to manage.The indexedrelationship between a drawing
and its details is often changed due to modification occurred
to drawing location, design contents, or index numbers. only
index number is usually mis-referred,but also some of
requiredcorrections can easily neglected. The reference problem
becomes particularly obvious when the of drawing sheets
increases dramatically.The problem usedto be solved by more
experienced manpower reviewing drawings to ensure accuracy.The
process is inefficient.The inefficiently process normally leaves
neglectedconflicts to be solved on site.Although researches have
been conducted ondesign and construction index system that
handles cross-relationship amongdrawing contents is very for
correctly managing drawings and their relateddetails.Auto-index
system establishes the inter-relationship between a rawingAnd
based on defined regions . The system is made by four parts :
labelingsystem , coordinate system , index-referring system ,
and library-retrievingsystem. 1) Drawing coordinate system:The
system divides drawing sheet into numbered starting from left to
right and top to bottom . Each grid can be further divided
numbered alphabetically.When a drawing is made ,the
coordinatesystem will designate the drawing with an index number
after comparing drawnarea with superimposed grids.Since no two
drawingare allowed to be overlapped,each index is identical.2)
Labeling system:The system is conducted bycircling a detail's
location drawing.The label , which is a vertically dividedcircle
, moves coincidentally its drawing changes location. The circle-
shaped label is used to store a detail's.3) Index-referring
system: The system linksa circled region inside a drawing to
detail's index number and location. Thesystem consists of a
function that change is made : all influenced indexeswill be
sorted whenever a detail is drawn drawing to its details and an
indextable that contains detail index ,drawing drawing index ,
and referred library. The system updates index number change is
made : all influenced indexeswill be sorted whenever a detail
is drawn relocated . If a detail is deleted ,alm labels in
different drawings will be automatically .4) Library-
retrievingsystem: The system increases draft efficiency when
detail are provided : details are retrieved by directly
linking circled regions to database indextable . In addition to
eliminating draft , copy , or paste frequency, drawingalso
reduced. The auto-index system is suitable to manage large
amount ofdrawing facilitate automatic referring process.



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