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研究生:林啟仲
研究生(外文):LIN, CHI CHUNG
論文名稱:背向式跳高技術與訓練方法之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Research of Fosbury Flop High Jump Technique and Training Method
指導教授:江界山江界山引用關係
指導教授(外文):CHING KAI SUN
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中國文化大學
系所名稱:運動教練研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:競技運動學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1997
畢業學年度:85
語文別:中文
論文頁數:3
中文關鍵詞:背向式跳高跳高技術訓練方法
外文關鍵詞:Frosbury FlopHigh Jump TechniqueTraining Method
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我國跳高最佳成績,男子與女子均差距世界記錄有23公分 之多,
其記錄女子迄今已停滯八年之久,而男子記錄更長達十五 年之久,顯現
我國跳高訓練面臨了技術及方法上的瓶頸。 鑑於此,為改進
此遲滯不前的狀況,研究者認為有必要進行 背向式跳高技術與訓練方法
之研究,期望藉由實證研究,對跳高 技術與訓練方法有更深的認識,俾
有助於改進教練之訓練方法, 並提升我國跳高成績。

本研究旨在探討背向式跳高,採用文獻回顧資料分析,並結 合研究者訓
練經驗與臨場動作攝影及分析,對背向式跳高技術與 訓練方法作系統性
的動作力學分析,並對傳統背向式跳高之訓練 方法,提出改進方案。

本研究發現:一.跳高技術重點在與助跑與起跳的結合,這?
突出體現在助跑倒數第二步「擺蹬」的配 合。

        二.跳高助跳最後兩步步長比例,應相差無幾
為宜,甚至倒二步略短於最後一步,亦有 利于起
跳效果。 三.改進跳高技術
與訓練的重點,乃在於一定 的騰起角度下,提高
騰起的垂直初速度。 四.跳高最重要之速度為動作速
度,乃在於前 導腿及手臂的擺動速度。

五.「倒7式」過竿技巧為目前最佳之空中過   竿
姿勢。
The highest record for high jumping in Taiwan for both male
and female were both 23 centimeters behind the
world male and female record. In Taiwan, the record
of female has stayed for 8 years and male for 15
years, which is inconceivable that there must be some major
problems confronted in the areas of technique and
training method. For this particular
reason, this study was to investigate the technique
and training method of Fosbury flop.It is hopep that through
this research findings that coaches may become more
aware of the technique and training method, so it would be
possible to improve the high jumping training method and improve
the high jumping training method and improve the high jumping
record. The main purpose of this research was to
study the Fosbury Flop style through literature review,
data analysis in conjunction with the writer''s experience in
training and on the spot video action and analysis which was
proceeded through systematic biomechanical movement
analysis and provide suggestions for improvement from the
traditional training method.

The major findings from this research wcre as follows:
A. The key point of the high jumping action is the combination
of approach and take off. this action appears in the
last second step which combines the swinging and kicking
motion.

B. The distances of the last two steps of approach are about the
same, and if the last second step is slightly shorter than
last step which may create an effective take off action.

C. The other important point to improve high jumping technique
and training is to speed up the take off velocity in
vertical direction. D. The most
important speed for high jumping is action speed.
E. The reverse 7 style is considered to be the most ideal form
to clear the bar for
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